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Allen, John (d. 1855), Irish nationalist and army officer, was a native of Dublin, where he was also for some time a partner in a drapery business. His participation in the United Irish movement brought him the unwanted attention of the authorities and he left ...

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Sir Robert Anderson (1841–1918) by James Russell & Sons © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Anderson, Sir Robert (1841–1918), spymaster, detective chief, and author, was born on 29 May 1841 in Mountjoy Square, Dublin, the son of Matthew Anderson (1804–1888), crown solicitor, Dublin, and his wife, Mary. He himself described his more distant forebears as 'among the Scotch colonists who made ...

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Bagenal [Bagnal], Sir Nicholas (d. 1590/91), soldier, was the second son of John Bagenal (d. 1558), a tailor by trade and mayor of Newcastle under Lyme on several occasions, and Elinor, daughter of Thomas Whittingham of Middlewich, Cheshire. Nothing is known about his early life until 1539 when ...

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Baker, Henry (d. 1689), army officer, was a lieutenant in the Irish army during the reign of Charles II. He was one of the protestant officers purged by the earl of Tyrconnell in 1686, after which he returned to his land at Dunmahon, co. Louth...

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Beamish, North Ludlow (1797–1872), army officer, writer, and antiquary, was the third son of William Beamish of Beaumont House, co. Cork, and his wife, Anne Jane Margaret, daughter of Robert De-la-Cour of Short Castle, co. Cork. The family claimed descent from one of the followers of ...

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Beresford, Charles William de la Poer, Baron Beresford (1846–1919), naval officer, was born at Baronstown, Dundalk, co. Louth, on 10 February 1846, the second son of the Revd John de la Poer Beresford, fourth marquess of Waterford (1814–1866), and his wife, Christiana (1820–1905)...

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Charles William de la Poer Beresford, Baron Beresford (1846–1919) by Charles Wellington Furse, exh. RA 1903 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bland, Humphrey (1685/6–1763), army officer and author, was born in Ireland, of uncertain parentage, though to a Yorkshire gentry family settled there since the mid-1660s, in whose seat at Blandsfort, Queen's county, he himself later lived. On account of the loss of the Irish army's papers in the ...

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Bloomfield, Benjamin, first Baron Bloomfield (1768–1846), army officer and courtier, the only son of John Bloomfield, of Newport, co. Tipperary, a lieutenant in the Grenadier Guards, and his wife, Anne (d. 1828), daughter of Samuel Waller, barrister, and sister of Sir Robert Waller, baronet...

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Borlase, Sir John (c. 1576–1648), army officer and politician, was born in Cornwall, the eldest son of Edward Borlase of London, mercer, and Suzannah Isham. He matriculated as a pensioner from King's College, Cambridge, about 1591 but did not graduate, being admitted to the ...

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Sir John Borlase (c. 1576–1648) by Michiel Jansz. van Mierevelt, 1625 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Boyle, Richard, first earl of Burlington and second earl of Cork (1612–1698), royalist army officer and politician, was born on 20 October 1612 at Youghal, co. Cork, the second child but eldest surviving son of Richard Boyle, first earl of Cork (1566–1643), and his wife, ...

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Sir Robert Brownrigg, first baronet (1759–1833) by Sir Thomas Lawrence, c. 1809 courtesy of the Director, National Army Museum, London

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Brownrigg, Sir Robert, first baronet (1759–1833), army officer and colonial governor, was born at Rockingham, co. Wicklow, Ireland, the second of the four sons of Henry Brownrigg (d. 1793) and his wife, Mary Alcock (d. 1819). Gazetted as ensign in 1775, his progress in the army was at first slow, his family lacking both wealth and influence. However, on 8 April 1789 ...

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Burgh, Thomas (1670–1730), military engineer and architect, was the third son of Ulysses Burgh (d. 1692) of Drumkeen, co. Limerick, dean of Emly and later bishop of Ardagh, and Mary, daughter of William Kingsmill of Ballibeg, co. Cork. After education at Delany's school...

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Burgh, Ulysses Bagenal de, second Baron Downes (1788–1863), army officer, only son of Thomas Burgh (d. June 1810), comptroller-general and commissioner of the revenue of Ireland, and his wife, Anne, daughter of David Aigoin, was born in Dublin on 15 August 1788. He had two sisters. ...

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Butler, Richard, first earl of Arran (1639–1686), army officer, was born on 15 June 1639, probably in Ireland, the fifth son of James Butler, twelfth earl and later first duke of Ormond (1610–1688), and his wife, Elizabeth Butler (1615–1684), Lady Dingwall in her own right, daughter and heir of ...

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H. M. Stephens

revised by Rosemary Richey

Caldwell, Hume (1735–1762), army officer in the Austrian service, was born in Castle Caldwell, co. Fermanagh, Ireland, the third son of the eight children of Sir John Caldwell, second baronet (d. 1744), landowner, and Ann, eldest daughter of the Revd John Trench...

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See Campsie, John