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Abbott, Augustus (1804–1867), army officer in the East India Company, was born in London on 7 January 1804, the eldest of five sons of Henry Alexius Abbott of Blackheath, Kent, a retired Calcutta merchant, and his wife, Margaret (1774–1853), daughter of John Welsh...

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Abbott, Sir Frederick (1805–1892), army officer in the East India Company, was the second son of Henry Alexius Abbott of Blackheath, Kent, a retired Calcutta merchant, and his wife, Margaret, daughter of William Welsh of Edinburgh, writer to the signet. He was the brother of ...

Article

R. H. Vetch

revised by Roger T. Stearn

Abbott, Sir James (1807–1896), army officer, third son of Henry Alexius Abbott of Blackheath, Kent, a retired Calcutta merchant, and his wife, Margaret, daughter of William Welsh, writer to the signet, of Edinburgh, was born on 12 March 1807. He was the brother of ...

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Sir James Abbott (1807–1896) by B. Baldwin, 1841 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

See Abbott, Augustus

Article

Abel, Sir Frederick Augustus, first baronet (1827–1902), chemist and explosives expert, was born on 17 July 1827 at Woolwich, the eldest son of Johann Leopold Abel (1795–1871), a music master in Kennington, and his wife, Louisa (d. 1864), daughter of Martin Hopkins...

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Sir Frederick Augustus Abel, first baronet (1827–1902) by Frank Bramley, 1900 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Abercromby, Sir Robert (1740?–1827), army officer and administrator in India, son of George Abercromby (1705–1800) of Tullibody and his wife, Mary, née Dundas (d. 1767), was baptized at his family's Scottish estate, Menstrie, near Tullibody, in Clackmannanshire, on 13 October 1740, which was possibly also the day of his birth. He came from one of those Scottish landed families that were to play an important role in British military and imperial history over the next two centuries. ...

Article

W. P. Courtney

revised by S. J. Skedd

Acland, John Dyke (1747–1778), army officer and politician, was born on 18 February 1747 and baptized the following day at North Petherton, Somerset, the elder of the two sons of Sir Thomas Acland, seventh baronet (1722–1785), a landowner and politician, and his wife, ...

Article

J. K. Laughton

revised by Andrew Lambert

Adam, Sir Charles (1780–1853), naval officer, was the second son of William Adam (1751–1839), of Blairadam, Kinross, and of Eleanora (1749–1808), daughter of the tenth Lord Elphinstone, and sister of Captain Elphinstone, afterwards Admiral Lord Keith. John Adam (1779–1825), administrator, and Frederick William Adam...

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Adam, Sir Ronald Forbes, second baronet (1885–1982), army officer, was born on 30 October 1885 in Bombay, the eldest son of Sir Frank Forbes Adam, first baronet (1846–1926), a Scot who was a well-known industrialist in Lancashire and Bombay, and his wife, Rose Frances Kemball (1863–1944)...

Article

H. M. Vibart

revised by James Falkner

Adams, James Williams (1839–1903), army chaplain, born on 24 November 1839 in Cork, was the only son of James O'Brien Adams, magistrate of Cork (d. 1854), and his wife, Elizabeth Williams. Educated at Hamlin and Porter's School, on the South Mall, Cork...

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James Williams Adams (1839–1903) by unknown photographer, in or after 1881 courtesy of the Director, National Army Museum, London

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Adams, Thomas (1730?–1764), army officer, remains of unknown birth and parentage. He commenced his military service in 1747 as a volunteer with the army under the command of the duke of Cumberland in the Netherlands. On 25 June of the same year he obtained a commission as ensign in the ...

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Sir John Miller Adye (1819–1900) by Maclure & Macdonald, pubd 1882 (after Fradelle) © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

E. M. Lloyd

revised by James Lunt

Adye, Sir John Miller (1819–1900), army officer, was born at Sevenoaks, Kent, on 1 November 1819, the son of Major James Pattison Adye, Royal Artillery, and Jane, daughter of J. Mortimer Kelson of Sevenoaks. His grandfather Major Stephen Payne Adye, Royal Artillery, had three sons in the regiment. ...

Article

Adye, Stephen Payne (d. 1794), army officer and writer on military justice, entered the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich, as a cadet in June 1757, and was appointed second lieutenant in the Royal Artillery in September 1762; he was promoted first lieutenant in May 1766, captain lieutenant in March 1773, and captain in June 1780. After the Seven Years' War he was on the staff of ...

Article

A. D. Nicholl

revised by Marc Brodie

Agnew, Sir William Gladstone (1898–1960), naval officer, was born in London on 2 December 1898, the fifth son of the six children of (Charles) Morland Agnew (1855–1931) [see under Agnew family], art dealer, and his wife, Evelyn Mary (d. 1932)...

Article

E. M. Lloyd

revised by James Lunt

Airey, Sir James Talbot (1812–1898), army officer, born on 6 September 1812, was the son of Lieutenant-General Sir George Airey (1761–1833) and his wife, Catherine, sister of the second Baron Talbot de Malahide. Richard Airey was his brother. He was commissioned ensign in the ...

Article

Airey, Richard, Baron Airey (1803–1881), army officer, was born at Newcastle upon Tyne in April 1803, the eldest son from the six boys and three girls of Lieutenant-General Sir George Airey (1761–1833) and his wife, Catherine Talbot (d. 1852), third daughter of ...