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Atkins, John (bap. 1685, d. 1757), naval surgeon, the son of John and Grace Atkins, was baptized on 26 November 1685 at Plaistow, Essex. He served a professional apprenticeship before commencing a chequered naval career in March 1701 as surgeon's mate of the ...

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Bryson, Alexander (1802–1869), naval surgeon, began his professional studies at Edinburgh and continued them at Glasgow, where he qualified in 1827 and was admitted to the Royal Faculty of Physicians and Surgeons. In the same year he entered the navy as assistant surgeon; he was promoted surgeon in 1836, deputy inspector-general in 1854, and inspector-general in 1855. In January 1864, on the retirement of ...

Article

G. T. Bettany

revised by Claire E. J. Herrick

Burnett, Sir William (1779–1861), naval physician, was born on 16 January 1779 at Montrose. He was educated at Montrose grammar school, and was apprenticed to a local surgeon, Dr Hunter. He then went to Edinburgh to pursue his medical studies but, soon after, entered the ...

Article

Bynoe, Benjamin (1803–1865), ship's surgeon and naturalist, was born at Christ Church, Barbados, on 25 July 1803, the son of Samuel and Elizabeth Bynoe. Nothing is known of Bynoe's education and though he was sometimes styled MD there is no record that he obtained this qualification in the ...

Article

Cunningham, Peter Miller (1789–1864), naval surgeon and pioneer in Australia, fifth and youngest son of John Cunningham (1743–1800) of Dalswinton, near Dumfries, land steward and farmer, and his wife, Elizabeth, née Harley, the daughter of a Dumfries merchant, was born at Dalswinton in November 1789. He was brother of ...

Article

Charles Creighton

revised by Tim O'Neill

Hilditch, Sir Edward (1805–1876), naval medical officer, was born on 13 May 1805, the son of John Frederick Hilditch, and his wife, Sarah. He studied medicine at St George's Hospital in London, took his MRCS diploma in 1826, and immediately entered the naval medical service...

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Irving, James (1759–1791), naval surgeon and slave trader, was born at Langholm, Dumfriesshire, on 15 December 1759, the third and only surviving child of John Irving (1731?–1807), blacksmith and innkeeper, and his wife, Isobel, née Little (1725?–1791). As a surgeon and captain in the ...

Article

J. K. Laughton

revised by Elizabeth Baigent

Ives, Edward (1719–1786), naval surgeon and traveller, was born in Lymington, Hampshire, on 9 February 1719; of his early life little is known save that he had at least one sister, Gatty. He served in the navy as surgeon of the Dragon initially in the ...

Article

W. A. J. Archbold

revised by Claire E. J. Herrick

Liddell, Sir John (1794–1868), naval medical officer, was born at Dunblane, Scotland, in 1794. After entering the navy as an assistant surgeon in 1812, he served in France, North America, Portugal, and the West Indies. He graduated MD at Edinburgh University in 1822 and became LCS (Edin.) in 1821....

Article

Macdonald, Sir John Denis (1826–1908), naval medical officer and biologist, born at Cork on 26 October 1826, was the youngest son of James Macdonald, an artist, and his wife, Catherine, daughter of Denis McCarthy of Kilcoleman, co. Cork. His father was the representative of the ...

Article

J. K. Laughton

revised by Elizabeth Baigent

McCormick, Robert (1800–1890), naval surgeon, explorer, and naturalist, born at Runham, near Great Yarmouth, Norfolk, on 22 July 1800, was the only son of Robert McCormick (d. 1817), surgeon in the navy, son of Robert McCormick of Ballyreagh, co. Tyrone, where the family had been settled for several generations. He spent his childhood near ...

Article

Menzies, Archibald (1754–1842), naval surgeon and botanical collector, was born at the house of Styx or Stix, near Aberfeldy, Perthshire, on 15 March 1754, the son of James and Ann Menzies. He had three brothers and four sisters, and was educated at the parish school at ...

Article

D'A. Power

revised by Claire E. J. Herrick

Northcote, William (d. 1783?), naval surgeon, of Camelford, Cornwall, passed an examination for naval surgeons at the Company of Surgeons in London on 20 October 1757, and was declared to be fit to act as a surgeon's second mate on ships of war of the fourth rate. Progressing through the ranks, in February 1771 ...

Article

Oudney, Walter (1790–1824), naval surgeon and traveller in Africa, was born in December 1790 to humble parents, in Edinburgh. With some medical knowledge he became a surgeon's mate on a man-of-war, was appointed assistant surgeon and then surgeon in 1810, and was stationed in the ...

Article

Outram, Sir Benjamin Fonseca (1774–1856), surgeon and naval officer, son of Captain William Outram, was born in Kilham, near Bridlington, Yorkshire, and baptized at Gravesend, Kent. He was apprenticed to a Mr Coleman and later to Mr William Harvis, surgeon-apothecaries of Gravesend. He joined the ...

Article

G. Le G. Norgate

revised by Andrew Lambert

Rae, Sir William (1786–1873), naval surgeon, was the son of Matthew Rae of Park-end, Annandale, Dumfries. He was educated at Lochmaben and Dumfries schools, and afterwards graduated MD at Edinburgh University. In 1804 he entered the medical service of the East India Company...

Article

L. G. C. Laughton

revised by J. Watt

Reid, Sir John Watt (1823–1909), surgeon and naval officer, born in Edinburgh on 25 February 1823, was the younger son of John Watt Reid, surgeon in the navy, and his wife, Jane, daughter of James Henderson, an Edinburgh merchant. Educated at Edinburgh Academy...

Article

D'A. Power

revised by Michael Bevan

Reid, Thomas (1791–1825), naval surgeon and prison reformer, was born of protestant parents and educated near Dungannon, co. Tyrone. He passed his examination at the Royal College of Surgeons on 7 May 1813, when he was found qualified to act as 'surgeon to any rate'. He was admitted on 3 November 1815 a member of the ...

Article

G. Le G. Norgate

revised by Claire E. J. Herrick

Rymer, James (fl. 1770–1842), naval surgeon, born in Scotland, was said to be related to the family of Thomas Rymer, editor of the Foedera. James's father died when he was young, and he was educated by his mother. Having served an apprenticeship to a surgeon and apothecary, he studied anatomy and medicine at ...

Article

Samwell, David [Dafydd Samuel; pseud. Dafydd Ddu Feddyg] (1751–1798), naval surgeon and poet, was born on 15 October 1751 at Nantglyn, Denbighshire, the second son of William Samuel (1713–1765), vicar of the parish, and his wife, Margaret (1708?–1780). He was the grandson of ...