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Arbuthnot, Marriot (1711–1794), naval officer and colonial governor, was born in Weymouth, the son of John Arbuthnott. He entered the navy about 1727, and passed his lieutenant's examination in August 1739 when he was described as upwards of twenty-seven (TNA: PRO, ADM 107/3, p. 334...

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Beatson, Alexander (1759–1830), army officer in the East India Company and colonial governor, was born on 24 October 1759 at Dundee. He was the second son of the three sons and one daughter of Robert Beatson (b. 1730), of Kilrie, Fife, and his wife, ...

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Bentinck, Lord William Henry Cavendish- [known as Lord William Bentinck] (1774–1839), army officer, diplomatist, and governor-general of India, was born on 14 September 1774 at Burlington House in London, the second son of William Henry Cavendish Cavendish-Bentinck, third duke of Portland (1738–1809)...

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Lord William Henry Cavendish- Bentinck (1774–1839) by Sir Thomas Lawrence, 1804 private collection

Article

Bligh, William (1754–1817), naval officer and colonial governor, was born in Plymouth on 9 September 1754, the only son of Francis Bligh (1721–1780) and his wife, Jane Pearse, née Balsam (d. c.1770). The Bligh family had long resided at Tinten in ...

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William Bligh (1754–1817) by John Russell, 1791 Collection Captain Cook Memorial Museum, Whitby; © reserved in the photograph

Article

Bourke, Sir Richard (1777–1855), army officer and colonial governor, was born on 4 May 1777 in Britain Street, Dublin, the only son of John Bourke of Dromsally, co. Limerick, and his wife, Anne, daughter of Edmund Ryan of Boscable, co. Tipperary. He was educated at ...

Article

Brooke, Robert (1744–1811), army officer in the East India Company and colonial governor, was the second son of Robert Brooke (1710–1784), an artist, of Rantavan, co. Cavan, and his wife and cousin, Honor (d. 1800), daughter of Henry Brooke, rector of Kinawley, co. Fermanagh...

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Sir Robert Brownrigg, first baronet (1759–1833) by Sir Thomas Lawrence, c. 1809 courtesy of the Director, National Army Museum, London

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Brownrigg, Sir Robert, first baronet (1759–1833), army officer and colonial governor, was born at Rockingham, co. Wicklow, Ireland, the second of the four sons of Henry Brownrigg (d. 1793) and his wife, Mary Alcock (d. 1819). Gazetted as ensign in 1775, his progress in the army was at first slow, his family lacking both wealth and influence. However, on 8 April 1789 ...

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Calvert [formerly Lazenby Calvert], Charles (c. 1688–1734), army officer and colonial governor, may have been the illegitimate son of Charles Calvert, third Baron Baltimore (1637–1715), proprietor of Maryland. The reasons for his former name Lazenby are uncertain, but most likely it indicates a connection with the ...

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Cambridge, Alexander Augustus Frederick William Alfred George, earl of Athlone [formerly Prince Alexander of Teck] (1874–1957), army officer and governor-general of South Africa, was born at Kensington Palace on 14 April 1874, the third son of Princess Mary Adelaide Wilhelmina Elizabeth (1833–1897)...

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Campbell, Sir Archibald (1739–1791), army officer and colonial governor, was born on 21 August 1739 and baptized on 25 August at Inveraray, Argyll, the second son of James Campbell (1706–1760), commissary of the western isles of Scotland and chamberlain to the duke of Argyll...

Article

H. M. Stephens

revised by Stewart M. Fraser

Campbell, Sir Colin (1776–1847), army officer and colonial governor, was the fifth son of John Campbell of Melfort, and his wife, Colina, daughter of John Campbell of Auchalader, Perthshire. From boyhood he showed a daring disposition, and in 1792, at the age of sixteen, ran away from ...

Article

H. M. Stephens

revised by Stewart M. Fraser

Campbell, Sir James (1773?–1835), army officer and colonial governor, entered the army as an ensign in the 1st Royal regiment of foot, and was promoted lieutenant on 20 March 1794 in the same regiment, and captain in the 42nd highlanders or Black Watch...

Article

H. M. Stephens

revised by Stewart M. Fraser

Campbell, Sir Neil (1776–1827), army officer and colonial governor, second son of Captain Neil Campbell of Duntroon, was born on 1 May 1776. He was commissioned ensign in the 6th West India regiment on 2 April 1797, and exchanged into the 67th regiment...

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Guy Carleton, first Baron Dorchester (1724–1808) by unknown artist, c. 1780 private collection

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Carleton, Guy, first Baron Dorchester (1724–1808), army officer and colonial governor, was born on 3 September 1724 at Strabane, the third son of Christopher Carleton of Newry, co. Down, and his wife, Catherine, daughter of Henry Ball of co. Donegal. Upon the death of his father, after ...

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Carter, Sir Charles Bonham- (1876–1955), colonial governor and army officer, was born on 25 February 1876 at 91 Gloucester Terrace, Kensington, London, the ninth son of Henry Bonham Carter (1827–1921), barrister and company director, and his wife, Sibella Charlotte (1836/7–1916), daughter of George Warde Norman (1793–1882)...

Article

Clarke, Sir Alured (1744–1832), army officer and colonial governor, was born on 24 November 1744, the sixth of the nine children of Charles Clarke (c. 1702–1750), a judge, and his second wife, Jane (d. 1761), the daughter of Major Mullins of Winchester...