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Ambroise (fl. 1188–1195), crusader and historian, was a Norman, possibly from the region of Évreux. His Estoire de la guerre sainte is a unique vernacular eyewitness account of the third crusade, and perhaps 'the best source for the crusade of Richard' (...

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Andrewe, Thomas (fl. 1600–1604), soldier and poet, is known only by his poem in rhyming couplets The Unmasking of a Feminine Machiavell, published in 1604. Its autobiographical nature is revealed in its preface 'To the Reader' and in a commendatory poem by Samuel Rowlands...

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Angle, Guichard d', earl of Huntingdon (c. 1308x15–1380), soldier, was born in Poitou, a subject of the king of France, between c.1308 and c.1315. He was the son of Guichard (III) d'Angle and Marguerite Maubert. His family were lords of Angle-sur-l'Anglin...

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Arundel [Fitzalan], Sir John (c. 1348–1379), soldier, was the second son of Richard (II) Fitzalan, third earl of Arundel and eighth earl of Surrey (c. 1313–1376), and his wife, Eleanor (d. 1372), daughter of Henry, earl of Lancaster, and widow of John, ...

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Ashton, Sir John (c. 1354–c. 1398), soldier and landowner, was the son and heir of Sir John Ashton (d. c.1360) of Ashton under Lyne, Lancashire, and of Margaret, a daughter of Robert del Leigh of Adlington, Cheshire. His mother's second marriage, to ...

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Ashton [Assheton], Sir John (d. 1427), soldier and administrator, came of a gentry family which took its name from Ashton under Lyne in Lancashire, and which had estates there, as well as at Manchester, Wardle, and Alt in that county, and at Morley...

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Ashton, Sir Ralph (c. 1425–1487), soldier, was the son of Sir John Ashton (d. 1427) of Ashton under Lyne and his second wife, Margaret Gray, and hence half-brother of Sir Thomas Ashton (c. 1403–c. 1460), the alchemist, who in 1439 arranged Ralph's marriage with ...

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Ashton, Sir Robert (d. 1384), soldier and administrator, came from Long Ashton in Somerset, and was the son of another Robert Ashton. The younger Robert's date of birth is uncertain, but he was already a knight in 1361. He accompanied Lionel, duke of Clarence...

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Athée, Girard d' (fl. 1198–c. 1210), mercenary and administrator, was a native of Athée near Tours in north-west France. With hostile intent, the French chronicler Guillaume le Breton claims that he was of servile birth, but in all probability he was a minor knight or subtenant of the neighbouring lord of ...

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Audley, Sir James (c. 1318–1369), soldier, was an outstanding exemplar of chivalry, and one of the heroes of the chronicler Froissart. He was the illegitimate son of Sir James Audley (d. 1334) of Stratton Audley, Oxfordshire , and Eva, daughter of Sir John Clavering...

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Ayscough, George Edward (d. 1779), soldier and author, was the son of Francis Ayscough (1701–1763), dean of Bristol and sometime preceptor to Prince George, and his wife, Anne (1714–1776), daughter of Sir Thomas Lyttelton and sister of George, first Baron Lyttelton. Ayscough was commissioned in the 1st regiment of ...

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Babthorpe, Sir Robert (d. 1436), soldier and administrator, rose to prominence in the service of the Lancastrian dynasty. The family came from Babthorpe, in the parish of Hemingbrough, Yorkshire. Details of his parentage are not easy to establish, but he seems to have been the son of ...

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Badlesmere, Sir Bartholomew (c. 1275–1322), soldier and administrator, was the son and heir of Guncelin of Badlesmere (d. 1301), of Badlesmere, Kent, and an unknown mother. Like his father, who was a royal banneret and justice of Chester from 1274 to 1281, ...

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Bagenal [Bagnal], Sir Henry (c. 1556–1598), soldier, was the son of Sir Nicholas Bagenal (d. 1590/91), marshal of the army in Ireland, and Eleanor (d. 1573), daughter and coheir of Sir Edward Griffith of Penrhyn in north Wales. Named after his godfather ...

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Bagenal [Bagnal], Sir Nicholas (d. 1590/91), soldier, was the second son of John Bagenal (d. 1558), a tailor by trade and mayor of Newcastle under Lyme on several occasions, and Elinor, daughter of Thomas Whittingham of Middlewich, Cheshire. Nothing is known about his early life until 1539 when ...

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Barret, Robert (fl. 1586?–1607), soldier and author, was the third and youngest son of Thomas Barrett (d. in or before 1591) of Kingswood, Wiltshire, 'Descended of the Barretts of [Pendine/Pen-tywyn]' in Carmarthenshire (Coll. Arms, Vincent MS 178 (als 157), fol. 478...

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Barry, David fitz James, de facto third Viscount Buttevant (1550–1617), soldier, was the second son of James fitz Richard Barry Roe (d. 1581), lord of Ibawne, and Eileen, daughter of Cormac MacCarthy Reagh. James assumed possession of Barryscourt, near Cork, in 1558 and was summoned to ...

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J. H. Round

revised by M. T. Flanagan

Barry, Robert of (d. in or after 1185), soldier, was the younger son of William of Barry, lord of Manorbier (Pembrokeshire), and Angharad, daughter of Gerald of Windsor, castellan of Pembroke, and Nest, daughter of Rhys ap Tewdwr, king of Deheubarth (south Wales)...

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Baskerville, Sir Thomas (d. 1597), soldier, was the younger son of Henry Baskerville, esquire, of Hereford, and Anne, daughter of John Ratford of Gloucester. In his early career Baskerville was active in local government: he apparently served as a JP for Herefordshire from about 1569 to 1585, and was an escheator for the same county in 1580–81. Some members of the ...

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Basset, Peter (fl. 1415–1437), soldier and historian, was co-author of an incomplete account in French of English activities in France between the capture of Harfleur in 1415 and the raising of the siege of Orléans in May 1429. Only one manuscript of this work is known, in ...