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Anderson, Sir John (1814–1886), inventor of ordnance manufacture machinery and arsenal manager, was born at Woodside, near Aberdeen, on 9 December 1814, the posthumous child of a local merchant, J. Anderson, and his wife, Helen Hosie. His mother remarried and his stepfather, Irvine Kempt...

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Bickford, William (bap. 1774, d. 1834), currier and inventor of the safety fuse, was baptized in Ashburton, Devon, on 23 January 1774, the son of William and Mary Beckford. He was in business as a currier, dressing and colouring tanned leather, first rather unsuccessfully in ...

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Brampton, Sir Edward [Duarte Brandão] (c. 1440–1508), soldier and merchant, was born in Lisbon c.1440, reputedly the illegitimate son of Rui Barba and the wife of a Jewish blacksmith. About 1468 he travelled to England and converted to Christianity. As was usual in such cases, the ...

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Bulloch, James Dunwoody (1823–1901), naval officer and merchant, was born near Savannah, Georgia, USA, on 25 June 1823, the son of Major James Stephens Bulloch (1793–1849), a member of the company which owned the pioneer steamship Savannah, and his wife, Hester Amarintha (1797–1831)...

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Burton, William (c. 1608–1673), merchant and naval administrator, came from an obscure and probably humble Norfolk family. Nothing is known of his parents. He was apprenticed to a Yarmouth merchant and became a freeman of the town in 1630, a common councillor by 1641, and an alderman in 1649. ...

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Call, Sir John, first baronet (1732–1801), East India Company servant and military engineer, was born on 30 June 1732 at Fenny Park, near Tiverton, Devon, the son of John Call (1704–1766) of Prestacott in Launcells, Cornwall, and his wife, Jane, daughter of John Mill...

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Campbell, Lorne Maclaine, of Airds (1902–1991), army officer and wine merchant, was born at The Airds, Argyll, Scotland, on 22 July 1902, the eldest of the three sons of Colonel (Ian) Maxwell Campbell of Airds (1870–1954), army officer and wine merchant, and his wife, ...

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Colnett, James (bap. 1753, d. 1806), naval officer and fur trader, was baptized on 18 October 1753 at Stoke Damerel parish church, Plymouth, the son of James and Sarah Colnett. He went to sea in June 1770 as an able seaman in the ...

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Crow, Hugh (1765–1829), privateer and slave trader, was born in Ramsey, Isle of Man, the son of Edmund Crow (1730–1809), a tradesman, and his wife, Judith (1737–1807). He lost his right eye in infancy, but despite this was apprenticed to a boat builder in ...

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Fenner, George (c. 1540–1618), merchant and privateer, is of unknown parentage. However, the name Fenner was common in west Sussex, and the family into which he was born has been described variously as a mercantile clan in Chichester itself, or as a minor but armigerous gentry family based at ...

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Fenwick [Fenwicke], John (b. in or after 1593, d. c. 1670), merchant and parliamentarian army officer, was a younger son of Roger Fenwick (c.1566–1618), gentleman, of Bitchfield, in the parish of Stamfordham, Northumberland, and his wife, Mabel. His approximate date of birth is derived from that of his elder brother, who was born in 1592 or 1593. ...

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See Forman family

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Grantham, Sir Thomas (bap. 1641, d. 1718), tobacco trader and naval officer, was baptized on 23 December 1641, the first of three children of Thomas Grantham (d. 1643 or 1645) of Bicester, Oxfordshire. In 1664 Grantham was acting as a merchant, shipping woollen goods to ...

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Hale, William (1797–1870), rocket inventor and entrepreneur, was born on 21 October 1797 in Colchester, Essex, the son of Robert Hale, baker, and his wife, Elizabeth, and may have been descended from Sir Matthew Hale, lord chief justice.

Hale's early education is unknown, but his maternal grandfather, ...

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See Hall, Samuel Carter

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Harris, Benjamin Randell (1781–1858), soldier and shoemaker, was born in 1781 in Portsea, Hampshire, and was baptized on 28 October 1781. He was the eldest of the two sons of Robert Harris, a shepherd, and his wife, Elizabeth, née Randell (d. 1788)...

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See Harris, Joseph

Image

Sir John Hawkins (1532–1595) attrib. Federico Zuccaro, 1591 Plymouth City Art Gallery; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London