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Ambroise (fl. 1188–1195), crusader and historian, was a Norman, possibly from the region of Évreux. His Estoire de la guerre sainte is a unique vernacular eyewitness account of the third crusade, and perhaps 'the best source for the crusade of Richard' (...

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Basset, Peter (fl. 1415–1437), soldier and historian, was co-author of an incomplete account in French of English activities in France between the capture of Harfleur in 1415 and the raising of the siege of Orléans in May 1429. Only one manuscript of this work is known, in ...

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Bizzarri [Bizari], Pietro (b. 1525, d. in or after 1586), historian and spy, was born probably in Sassoferrato Castello (Marche), Italy, the son of Antonio Bizzarri, a soldier who died in 1528. He must also have lived in Perugia, hence his common description as ...

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John Adam Cramb (1861–1913) by unknown photographer, c. 1911 A & C Black Ltd / © reserved

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Cramb [Cram], John Adam (1861–1913), historian and defence publicist, was born at Denny in Stirlingshire on 4 May 1861, the fourth child and second son of David Cram, who after failing in a photography and lithographic printing business worked as a carpenter, and of his wife, ...

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Cunningham, Joseph Davey (1812–1851), army officer in the East India Company and historian, was born in Lambeth on 9 June 1812, the eldest son of Allan Cunningham (1784–1842), Scottish poet and author, and his wife, Jean, née Walker (1791–1864). Among his brothers were ...

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Cust, Sir Edward, baronet (1794–1878), army officer, historian, and politician, sixth son of Brownlow Cust, first Baron Brownlow (1744–1807), and his second wife, Frances (1756–1847), née Bankes, and brother of John Cust, first Earl Brownlow, was born at 30 Hill Street, Berkeley Square, London...

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D'Auvergne, Edward (1665–1737), historian and army chaplain, belonged to the ancient D'Auvergne family of St Ouen, on the island of Jersey. He was the third son of Philip D'Auvergne (d. 1690) and Madeleine le Maistre (d. c.1712). At his baptism on 17 February 1665 he was presented by ...

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Duff, James Cuninghame Grant (1789–1858), army officer in the East India Company and historian, was born on 8 July 1789 in Banff, the eldest son of John Grant (d. 1799) of Kincardine O'Neil and Margaret Miln Duff (d. 1824) of Eden...

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Gainsford, Thomas (bap. 1566, d. 1624), soldier and historian, from a Surrey gentry family, was baptized on 16 December 1566, the son of Henry Gainsford (d. 1574), London goldsmith, and his wife, Mary Johnson. Gainsford has often been confused with other members of the ...

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Graham, Gerald Sandford (1903–1988), imperial and naval historian, was born on 27 April 1903 in Sudbury, Ontario, Canada, the son of Henry Sandford Graham (1868–1951), Presbyterian minister, and his wife, Florence Marion, née Chambers (1873–1961). The father, though born in Monmouth, was of Scottish descent, and the mother was an Irish Protestant....

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Jones, David (fl. 1675–1720), spy and historian, was the son of the Revd John Jones of Llanbadarn Odwyn, Cardiganshire, one of the earliest nonconformist ministers in that part of Wales. According to John Dunton, he was 'designed for the ministry, but began to teach school, and from that employment turned author and corrector for the press' (...

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Daniel Mackinnon (1791–1836) by George Dawe photograph by courtesy Sotheby's Picture Library, London

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H. M. Chichester

revised by James Falkner

Mackinnon, Daniel (1791–1836), army officer and historian, was the son of William Mackinnon (son of William Mackinnon, chief of clan Mackinnon) and his wife, Harriet, née Frye. William Alexander Mackinnon was his elder brother, and Daniel Henry Mackinnon was his first cousin. On 16 June 1804 he was appointed ensign in the ...

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Manley, Sir Roger (d. 1687), army officer and historian, was the second of three sons of Cornelius Manley (d. 1623) of Erbistock in Denbighshire, and his wife, Mary, daughter of Francis Lloyd of Hardwick in Shropshire. All three sons were minors at their father's death. ...

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Mante, Thomas (bap. 1733, d. c. 1802), army officer and historian, was baptized Thomas Mant on 3 December 1733 at St Faith's parish church, Havant, Hampshire, the eldest of the eight children of Thomas Mant (1702–1768), an estate manager, and his wife, Mary (...

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Monteith, William (1790–1864), army officer in the East India Company, diplomatist, and historian, son of William Monteith and his wife, Janet Goodwin, was born in the Abbey parish, Paisley, Renfrewshire, on 22 June 1790. On 18 March 1809 he was appointed a lieutenant in the ...

Article

G. C. Boase

revised by Andrew Lambert

Napier, Henry Edward (1789–1853), naval officer and historian, born at Celbridge, co. Kildare, Ireland, on 5 March 1789, was the son of Colonel George Napier (1751–1804) and his wife, Lady Sarah Napier (1745–1826), the seventh daughter of Charles Lennox, second duke of Richmond...

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O'Kelly, Charles (1621–1695), army officer and historian, was the eldest son of John O'Kelly (d. 1674), eighth lord of the manor of Screen, co. Galway, and Isma, a daughter of Sir William Hill. He was born at Screen, but educated at St Omer...

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Rapin de Thoyras [Rapin], Paul de (1661–1725), army officer and historian, was born in Castres, France, on 25 March 1661, the third of the six children of Jacques Rapin, sieur de Thoyras (1613–1685), an advocate, and Jeanne Pélisson (d. 1706). He came from a protestant Savoyard family who had emigrated to ...