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Baggerley, Humphrey (fl. 1648–1654), army officer and supposed biographer, was among the troops who on 9 October 1648 surrendered at Appleby, Westmorland, to superior parliamentarian forces under Colonel Assheton. The royalist soldiers were granted very generous terms and, having been allowed his freedom, ...

Article

John Ormsby

revised by R. L. Winstanley

Carleton, George (1651/2?–1728x30), army officer and memoirist, was probably born at Ewelme in Oxfordshire, the son of George Carleton. He claimed to be closely related to Sir Dudley Carleton, secretary of state to Charles I. However, until the late 1920s nothing was known about him other than what appears in the memoirs of military life ascribed to his name which was first published in 1728. As this work appeared in the lifetime of ...

Article

Cholmley, Sir Hugh, first baronet (1600–1657), royalist army officer and autobiographer, was born on 22 July 1600 at Roxby Castle, Thornton on the Hill (now Thornton Dale) in the North Riding of Yorkshire, the eldest son of Sir Richard Cholmley (1580–1631) and Susannah (1578–1611)...

Article

W. R. Morfill

revised by Paul Dukes

Gordon, Patrick (1635–1699), army officer and diarist, was born on 31 March 1635 at Easter Auchleuchries in Aberdeenshire, where his father, John Gordon (d. c.1684), was a minor laird. His mother's name was Mary Ogilvie (d. c.1684). He wrote his diary in six thick quarto volumes, preserved in ...

Article

Thompson Cooper

revised by D. N. Farr

Hodgson, John (1617/18–1684?), army officer and autobiographer, was a native of Yorkshire. He took up arms for parliament in late 1642 and began his military service as ensign in the regiment of Colonel Forbes. He fought under Sir Thomas Fairfax and was badly wounded in the defeat at ...

Article

Knowles, John (1781–1841), naval surveyor and biographer, was born on 24 March 1781 at 14 Union Street, Deptford, London, the eldest of the three sons of John Knowles (d. 1814), shipwright, and his wife, Mary Posgate, and was baptized on 19 April 1781 at ...

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Eric Sutherland Lomax (1919–2012) by unknown photographer, c.1939 © Writer Pictures

Article

Lomax, Eric Sutherland (1919–2012), prisoner of war and author, was born on 30 May 1919 at 11 Bedford Terrace, Portobello, Edinburgh, the only child of John Lomax (1878–1950), post office clerk, later post office manager, formerly a Stockport pawnbroker's assistant, and his wife, ...

Article

Nagle, Jacob (1761–1841), sailor and diarist, was born in Reading, Pennsylvania, on 15 September 1761, the son of George Nagel (1735–1789), a German immigrant, and Rebecca Rogers (d. 1793). On the outbreak of the American War of Independence George Nagel assumed command of a series of ...

Article

Pepys, Samuel (1633–1703), naval official and diarist, was born at the family home, Salisbury Court, Fleet Street, London, on 23 February 1633, the second son of John Pepys (1601–1680), tailor, and his wife, Margaret, née Kite (d. 1667), daughter of a Whitechapel...

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Samuel Pepys (1633–1703) by John Hayls, 1666 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Spavens, William (1735/6–1799), seaman and autobiographer, was born in Stewton, near Louth, Lincolnshire. In May 1754, at the age of eighteen, his curiosity about distant lands prompted him to apprentice himself to the master of the snow Elizabeth and Mary, trading between Hull...

Article

Streater, John (c. 1620–1677), soldier, printer, and political pamphleteer, was born in Lewes, Sussex, the son of William Streater, tailor. He had at least two brothers: Aaron, who called himself a divine and a physician; and Thomas, who in 1644 signed on with ...