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Brady, Sir Antonio (1811–1881), Admiralty official, naturalist, and social reformer, was born at Deptford, London, on 10 November 1811, the eldest son of Anthony Brady of the Deptford victualling yard, then storekeeper at the Royal William victualling yard, Plymouth, and his wife (whom he married on 20 December 1810), ...

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Bynoe, Benjamin (1803–1865), ship's surgeon and naturalist, was born at Christ Church, Barbados, on 25 July 1803, the son of Samuel and Elizabeth Bynoe. Nothing is known of Bynoe's education and though he was sometimes styled MD there is no record that he obtained this qualification in the ...

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Macdonald, Sir John Denis (1826–1908), naval medical officer and biologist, born at Cork on 26 October 1826, was the youngest son of James Macdonald, an artist, and his wife, Catherine, daughter of Denis McCarthy of Kilcoleman, co. Cork. His father was the representative of the ...

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J. K. Laughton

revised by Elizabeth Baigent

McCormick, Robert (1800–1890), naval surgeon, explorer, and naturalist, born at Runham, near Great Yarmouth, Norfolk, on 22 July 1800, was the only son of Robert McCormick (d. 1817), surgeon in the navy, son of Robert McCormick of Ballyreagh, co. Tyrone, where the family had been settled for several generations. He spent his childhood near ...

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Smith, Sir Andrew (1797–1872), army medical officer and naturalist, was born on 3 December 1797 in Kirktoun parish, Roxburghshire, to Thomas P. Smith, a shepherd, and Grizzel Tait Winnington. After local schooling he was apprenticed to Mr Graham, a surgeon in Hawick, and studied medicine at the ...

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Smith, Charles Hamilton (1776–1859), soldier and natural historian, was born in east Flanders on 26 December 1776, a descendant of a Flemish protestant family. He was at school in Richmond, Surrey, when a revolt occurred in the Low Countries and he was called home to study in the ...

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Smuts, Jan Christiaan (1870–1950), prime minister of South Africa, army officer, and writer on evolution, was born on 24 May 1870 at Bovenplaats, near Riebeeck West in the Malmesbury district of Cape Colony, the second child of Jacobus Abraham (Kosie) Smuts (1845–1914) and ...

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Sykes, William Henry (1790–1872), army officer in the East India Company and naturalist, son of Samuel Sykes of Friezing Hall, Yorkshire, the descendant of the Drighlington branch of an old Yorkshire family, was born on 25 January 1790. He entered the military service of the ...

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Wright, William (1735–1819), military physician and naturalist, was born in March 1735, at Crieff, Perthshire, Scotland, the second of two sons by his father's second marriage. He remained close throughout his life to his brother James who was two years older. Wright, it appears, came from a humble background and his father's occupation is unknown. After early schooling at a grammar school in ...