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Prince Alfred, duke of Edinburgh (1844–1900) by Abel Lewis, c. 1875–80 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Alfred, Prince, duke of Edinburgh (1844–1900), duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, naval officer, and son of Queen Victoria, was born Alfred Ernest Albert at Windsor Castle on 6 August 1844, the second son of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert. An extroverted child, his capacity for learning delighted his parents. They feared that the comparative academic weakness of his elder brother ...

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Cambridge, Alexander Augustus Frederick William Alfred George, earl of Athlone [formerly Prince Alexander of Teck] (1874–1957), army officer and governor-general of South Africa, was born at Kensington Palace on 14 April 1874, the third son of Princess Mary Adelaide Wilhelmina Elizabeth (1833–1897)...

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D'Auvergne, Philippe (bap. 1754, d. 1816), naval officer and claimant to the duchy of Bouillon, was born in St Helier, Jersey, Channel Islands, and baptized at St Helier parish church on 13 November 1754. He was the only surviving child of Charles Dauvergne...

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H. M. Vibart

revised by James Falkner

Edward, prince of Saxe-Weimar (1823–1902), army officer, was the eldest son of Bernard, duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach (1792–1862), and his wife, Princess Ida (1794–1852), daughter of George, duke of Saxe-Meiningen. His father was the younger son of Charles Augustus, grand duke of Saxe-Weimar. His mother was younger sister of ...

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Edward [Edward of Woodstock; known as the Black Prince], prince of Wales and of Aquitaine (1330–1376), heir to the English throne and military commander, was the eldest son of Edward III (1312–1377) and Philippa of Hainault (1310x15?–1369).

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Edward, prince of Wales and of Aquitaine (1330–1376) tomb effigy by kind permission of the Dean and Chapter of Canterbury; photographer: Mrs Mary Tucker

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Prince Frederick, duke of York and Albany (1763–1827) by Sir David Wilkie, 1822–3 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Frederick, Prince, duke of York and Albany (1763–1827), army officer and bishop of Osnabrück, was the second son of George III and Queen Charlotte. He was born at St James's Palace, London, on 16 August 1763, and on 27 February 1764 was elected to the bishopric of ...

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See Beatrice, Princess [married name Princess Henry of Battenberg]

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Maurice, prince palatine of the Rhine (1621–1652) by William Dobson, 1645? © reserved

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Maurice, prince palatine of the Rhine (1621–1652), royalist army officer and naval officer, was the fourth son of Frederick V (1596–1632), elector palatine of the Rhine, and his wife, Elizabeth (1596–1662), daughter of James VI and I of Great Britain and sister of ...

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Mountbatten, Louis Alexander, first marquess of Milford Haven [formerly Prince Louis of Battenberg] (1854–1921), naval officer, was the eldest son of Prince Alexander of Hesse and his morganatic wife, Countess Julia Theresa von Haucke. He was born Ludwig Alexander at Graz, Austria...

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Robert [called Robert Curthose], duke of Normandy (b. in or after 1050, d. 1134), prince and crusader, was born in the early 1050s, the eldest child of William (II), duke of Normandy (1027/8–1087), afterwards William I (the Conqueror), and his wife, Matilda (d. 1083)...

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Rupert, prince and count palatine of the Rhine and duke of Cumberland (1619–1682), royalist army and naval officer, was born on 18 December 1619 ns, the son of Frederick V (1596–1632), elector palatine of the Rhine, and his wife, Elizabeth (1596–1662), the daughter of ...

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Rupert, prince and count palatine of the Rhine and duke of Cumberland (1619–1682) by Sir Peter Lely, c. 1665–6 The Royal Collection © 2004 HM Queen Elizabeth II

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Victor, prince of Hohenlohe-Langenburg [known as Count Gleichen] (1833–1891), naval officer and sculptor, was the third and youngest son of Prince Ernst of Hohenlohe-Langenburg and his wife, Princess Feodore, the only daughter of Emich Charles, reigning prince of Leiningen, and his wife, ...