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Brown, William (1748–1825), gem-engraver, was trained in London, but of his origins and family circumstances nothing is known. He suffered an early set-back in his career when, aged fourteen, he competed for a Royal Society of Arts drawing prize but, with four others, was disqualified for cheating; he was consequently ruled ineligible when he tried for the premium for intaglio-engraving in 1763. Nevertheless, in 1766 he began exhibiting engraved gems annually, first at the ...

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Burch, Edward (bap. 1730, d. 1814), gem-engraver, son of Andrew Burch and his wife, Hannah Roberts, was baptized on 30 October 1730 at St Botolph, Aldgate, in the East End of London. Originally a Thames waterman, he felt drawn towards the arts and taught himself seal engraving. On 7 November 1752 he married ...

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Cox, James (c. 1723–1800), jeweller and entrepreneur, was born in London, the son of Henry Cox (c.1691–1746), tailor of Broad Street, and his wife, Frances, née Matthews. He was apprenticed in 1738 to Humphry Pugh, goldsmith of Fleet Street and freeman of the ...

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George Heriot (1563–1624) by David Scougall (after Paul van Somer) courtesy of George Heriot Trust, Edinburgh

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Heriot, George (1563–1624), jeweller and philanthropist, was born in Edinburgh on 15 June 1563, the eldest son of George Heriot (1539/40–1610), goldsmith and MP, of Edinburgh and his first wife, Elizabeth Balderstone. Heriot was apprenticed to his father's trade, and on 14 January 1586 he was contracted to marry ...

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Ker, James (d. 1768), jeweller and politician, was the son of Thomas Ker of Edinburgh, deacon of the corporation and a magistrate of the city, and his wife, Margaret, daughter and coheir of John Kerr of the Canongate. His grandfather was Sir Thomas Ker...

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W. W. Wroth

revised by Martin Henig

King, Charles William (1818–1888), writer on gemstones, was born on 5 September 1818 at Newport, Monmouthshire, the son of Charles King, a shipping agent in the iron trade, and his wife, Anne. He was educated at a private school in Bristol and entered ...

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Lulls, Arnold [formerly Arnout] (fl. 1584–1642), merchant and jeweller, was born in Antwerp, Spanish Netherlands. Members of the Lulls family had lived in England since the 1550s, but Arnold himself arrived some time between 1580 and 1584, when he became a member of the Dutch church, ...

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Rundell, Philip (1746–1827), jeweller and millionaire, was born on 15 January 1746 and baptized on 8 February 1746 at Norton St Philip, near Bath, Somerset, one of the large family of Richard Rundell, victualler or maltster, and his wife, Ann Ditcher. Shortly after his fourteenth birthday, on 10 May 1760 ...

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Thomason, Sir Edward (bap. 1769, d. 1849), manufacturer of buttons and jewellery and publisher of medals, was baptized in Birmingham on 14 November 1769, the son of Edward Thomason, a buckle manufacturer, and his wife, Catherine. He served as an apprentice in Matthew Boulton's...

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Sir Edward Thomason (bap. 1769, d. 1849) by William Brockedon, 1834 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Tildesley, Christopher (fl. 1384–1414), goldsmith, was probably born in the 1360s, but his birth date and family are unknown. He is first recorded in 1384, when he was apprenticed to a London goldsmith, John Grenefeld, on payment of 2s. to the Goldsmiths' Company...

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See Turmeau, John

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See Webb, Peter

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Webb, Peter (d. 1775), jeweller, was the youngest son of Arthur Webb of Kilkenny, Ireland, and Deborah, his wife. He married Catherine Le Court (d. 1776), daughter of David Le Court, a London jeweller, and Mary Anne, his wife, at St Mildred Poultry...