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Amies, Sir (Edwin) Hardy (1909–2003), dressmaker and fashion designer, was born on 17 July 1909 at 70 Delaware Mansions, Elgin Avenue, Maida Vale, London, the elder son and eldest of the three children of Herbert William Amies, a surveyor for London county council...

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Sir (Edwin) Hardy Amies (1909–2003) by Brian Griffin, 1976 © Brian Griffin; collection National Portrait Gallery, London

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See Arne family

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Brown, William (1748–1825), gem-engraver, was trained in London, but of his origins and family circumstances nothing is known. He suffered an early set-back in his career when, aged fourteen, he competed for a Royal Society of Arts drawing prize but, with four others, was disqualified for cheating; he was consequently ruled ineligible when he tried for the premium for intaglio-engraving in 1763. Nevertheless, in 1766 he began exhibiting engraved gems annually, first at the ...

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Burch, Edward (bap. 1730, d. 1814), gem-engraver, son of Andrew Burch and his wife, Hannah Roberts, was baptized on 30 October 1730 at St Botolph, Aldgate, in the East End of London. Originally a Thames waterman, he felt drawn towards the arts and taught himself seal engraving. On 7 November 1752 he married ...

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Clark, Raymond [Ossie] (1942–1996), fashion designer, was born on 9 June 1942 at 107 Rice Lane, Walton Park, Liverpool, the youngest of the six children of Samuel Duncan Clark, a storesman in the Royal Navy victualling department, and his wife, Ann Grace Williams...

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Raymond Clark (1942–1996) by David Hockney, 1970–71 [Mr and Mrs Clark and Percy] © David Hockney / Tate, London, 2004

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Clein [Cleyn], Francis [formerly Franz Klein] (d. 1658), painter and tapestry designer, was born at Rostock in Germany, possibly the son of a goldsmith, Hans Klein. Apart from date of birth and parentage, Clein's life up to 1642–3, when details seem to have been obtained from ...

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Cox, James (c. 1723–1800), jeweller and entrepreneur, was born in London, the son of Henry Cox (c.1691–1746), tailor of Broad Street, and his wife, Frances, née Matthews. He was apprenticed in 1738 to Humphry Pugh, goldsmith of Fleet Street and freeman of the ...

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Crane, Sir Francis (c. 1579–1636), courtier and tapestry manufacturer, is first recorded in 1606. His name does not appear in registers of admissions to Oxford, Cambridge, or the inns of court until 1619, when he was admitted to Gray's Inn. A memorial tablet in the church at ...

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Creed, Charles Southey (1909–1966), couturier, was born on 25 May 1909 at 29 rue Singer, Paris, the third son and sixth child of Henry Creed (b. 1863), tailor, and his wife, Aimée Nathalie Josephe, née Landrin (d. 1917). The tailoring house of ...

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Duncan, John (1794–1881), hand-loom weaver and botanist, was born on 19 December 1794 at Stonehaven, Kincardineshire, the illegitimate son of John Duncan, weaver and soldier, from Drumlithie, and Ann Caird (c.1773–c.1830), also of Drumlithie, who decided to support herself and her child by weaving stockings and harvesting at nearby ...

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John Duncan (1794–1881) by unknown engraver, c. 1865–6 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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See Fenwick family

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Paul Waterhouse

revised by Michael Hall

Garner, Thomas (1839–1906), architect and designer, was born at Wasperton Hill, Wasperton, Warwickshire, on 12 August 1839, the son of Thomas Garner (1795–1880), farmer, and his wife, Louisa Savage (b. c.1815). Brought up in country surroundings, he acquired as a boy a love of riding and a knowledge of horsemanship which he retained through life. In 1856, at the age of seventeen, he entered as a pupil the office of ...

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Grimshaw, Mortimer (1824/5–1869), cotton weaver and labour leader, was born into a working-class family in or near Great Harwood in north-east Lancashire. Little is known about his family background, but his father is said to have had a reputation as a radical orator. ...

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Gutteridge, Joseph (1816–1899), silk weaver and naturalist, was born on 23 March 1816 in Coventry, the eldest of the three sons of Joseph Gutteridge, a recruiting sergeant, and his first wife, Sarah Shaw. Educated from 1821 in two schools, run by a Quaker woman and Wesleyan preacher respectively, he then went to ...

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Harrison, Edmund (bap. 1591, d. 1667), embroiderer, was born in London, the son of Christopher Harrison (d. 1611), merchant taylor, and his wife, Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Cook of Wakefield. He was baptized at St Margaret's, Westminster, on 23 May 1591. From 1599 to 1604 he was a pupil at ...

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George Heriot (1563–1624) by David Scougall (after Paul van Somer) courtesy of George Heriot Trust, Edinburgh

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Heriot, George (1563–1624), jeweller and philanthropist, was born in Edinburgh on 15 June 1563, the eldest son of George Heriot (1539/40–1610), goldsmith and MP, of Edinburgh and his first wife, Elizabeth Balderstone. Heriot was apprenticed to his father's trade, and on 14 January 1586 he was contracted to marry ...