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Benson, William (bap. 1682, d. 1754), politician, architect, and literary critic, was baptized on 17 March 1682 at St Leonard's Church, Bromley by Bow, Middlesex; he was the eldest of fourteen children of William Benson (1640/41–1712), a wealthy iron merchant of Bromley by Bow...

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Bruce, Sir William, first baronet (c. 1625–1710), architect and politician, was born into minor Perthshire gentry, the second son of Robert Bruce, Lord Bruce of Blairhall, and Catherine (or Jean), daughter of Sir John Preston of Valleyfield. His early life is obscure but if he is identified with the ...

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Clarke, George (1661–1736), politician and architect, was born on 7 May 1661 in the old Pall Mall, London, the only surviving child of Sir William Clarke (1623/4–1666), secretary at war to the Commonwealth and Charles II, and his wife, Dorothy (d. 1695)...

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George Clarke (1661–1736) by Sir Godfrey Kneller, 1705 [[Left to right] George, prince of Denmark and duke of Cumberland (1653-1708) and ] All Souls College, Oxford

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Thomas Coke, earl of Leicester (1697–1759) by Francesco Trevisani, 1717 © Collection of the Earl of Leicester, Holkham Hall, Norfolk / The Bridgeman Art Library

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Coke, Thomas, earl of Leicester (1697–1759), politician, architect, and art collector, was born on 17 June 1697, the eldest of the five children of Edward Coke (1676/8–1707), landowner, and his wife, Carey (1680–1707), the daughter of Sir John Newton, third baronet, of Barr's Court, Gloucestershire...

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Erskine, John, styled twenty-second or sixth earl of Mar and Jacobite duke of Mar (bap. 1675, d. 1732), Jacobite army officer, politician, and architect, was born on the lowland family estate at Alloa, Clackmannanshire, and baptized at Alloa parish church on 21 January 1675. He was the first of four surviving children of ...

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John Erskine, styled twenty-second or sixth earl of Mar and Jacobite duke of Mar (bap. 1675, d. 1732) by Sir Godfrey Kneller, c. 1715 [right, with his son, Thomas Erskine, Lord Erskine] in the collection of the Earl of Mar and Kellie at Alloa Tower; photograph courtesy the Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Sir (William) Alfred Gelder (1855–1941) by John Henry Frederick Bacon, 1904 Hull and East Riding Museum / Bridgeman Art Library

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Gelder, Sir (William) Alfred (1855–1941), architect and politician, was born on 12 May 1855 at North Cave, East Riding of Yorkshire, the son of William Gelder (1820–1892), joiner, builder, and timber merchant, and his wife, Mary Jane, née Jackson (1816/17–1895). He was educated at a private school at ...

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Monck [formerly Middleton], Sir Charles Miles Lambert, sixth baronet (1779–1867), architect, landscape designer, and politician, was born in Golden Square, London, on 7 April 1779, the third but only surviving son of Sir William Middleton, fifth baronet (1738–1795), army officer and politician, of ...

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Sir Roger Newdigate, fifth baronet (1719–1806) by Arthur Devis, c. 1756–8 [in his library at Arbury Hall, Warwickshire] private collection; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

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Newdigate, Sir Roger, fifth baronet (1719–1806), politician and architect, was born on 20 May 1719 at his family's seat, Arbury Hall, Warwickshire, the seventh son and the youngest of the eleven children of Sir Richard Newdigate, third baronet (1668–1727), landowner, and his second wife, ...