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Arderne, John (b. 1307/8, d. in or after 1377), surgeon and author, was the most important English person in his field before the seventeenth century. He made considerable claims for the originality of his surgical technique, although allowance must be made for his gift for self-publicity. What is learned from his works is enough to show not only that he was a highly paid and respected surgeon, but also that his writing is unique in its insights into the practical realities of medieval surgery. Unlike other surgical authors he reveals not only the surgery that was taught and transmitted in writing, but also what was actually done face-to-face with the patient. Unfortunately there are no records or other independent testimony revealing his life and career; what is known about him is known through his writings....

Article

H. R. Tedder

revised by Michael Bevan

Atkinson, James (1759–1839), surgeon and bibliographer, the son of a medical practitioner and friend of Laurence Sterne, received his medical education as a pupil of Henry Cline of St Thomas's Hospital, London, and attended the lectures of Thomas Denman, physician-accoucheur to the Middlesex Hospital...

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James Atkinson (1759–1839) by William Etty, 1832 York Museums Trust (York Art Gallery)

Article

Barlow, James (1767–1839), obstetric surgeon, was born at Croichley Fold Farm, Hawkshaw, Lancashire, the son of William Barlow (d. 1815) and his wife, Catherine Taylor (d. 1768); they also had a daughter, Catherine, and an elder son, John. He was a descendant of the ...

Article

Bracken, Henry (bap. 1697, d. 1764), writer on farriery and surgeon, was baptized on 31 October 1697 at St Mary, Lancaster, the son of Henry Bracken, a local innkeeper who held a number of minor offices with the Lancaster corporation. After a grammar-school education at ...

Article

Bradmore, John (d. 1412), surgeon, was resident in London from at least 1377 until his death. He married twice; his first wife, Margaret, with whom he had a daughter, Agnes, died some time after May 1410, and he married again without delay. His son, ...

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Calvert, George (1794–1825), surgeon, was one of the eight children of Charles Calvert (1754–1797) [see under Calvert, Charles (1785-1852)], the duke of Norfolk's agent at Glossop Hall, Derbyshire, and his wife, Elizabeth Holliday (1751/2–1842). Among his brothers were Charles Calvert (1785–1852)...

Article

Carpue, Joseph Constantine (bap. 1764, d. 1846), surgeon and anatomist, was baptized on 4 May 1764 at the Sardinian embassy chapel, Lincoln's Inn Fields, London, the son of Henry Carpue (d. 1794), a Roman Catholic gentleman of Brook Green, and his wife, ...

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Doolin, William (1887–1962), surgeon and author, was born on 19 June 1887 at 20 Ely Place, Dublin, the eldest child of Walter Doolin (d. 1902), an architect, and his wife, Marion, née Creedon. His brothers Daniel and Walter were to have careers in dentistry and architecture respectively....

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Duddell, Benedict (c. 1695–1759x67), surgeon and oculist, about whose life few details are known, was probably educated in France and served his surgical apprenticeship in a town about 4 leagues from Paris. In 1718 he was in practice at Worksop, Nottinghamshire. Upset by his failure to save the sight of a poor labourer under his care, ...

Article

D'A. Power

revised by Jeffrey S. Reznick

FitzGerald, Sir Thomas Naghten (1838–1908), surgeon, born on 1 August 1838 at Tullamore, Ireland, was the son of John FitzGerald of the Indian Civil Service, and his wife, Catherine Naghten, née Higgins. After attending St Mary's College, Kingstown, and Ledwich school of medicine, Dublin...

Article

Fleming, Christopher (1800–1880), surgeon, was born at Boardstown, co. Westmeath, Ireland, on 14 July 1800, the son of James Fleming, a country gentleman, and his wife, Catherine, daughter of B. Taylor of Castlepollard. From the lay college in Maynooth he entered Trinity College, Dublin...

Article

Gogarty, Oliver Joseph St John (1878–1957), surgeon and writer, was born at 5 Rutland Square, Dublin, on 17 August 1878, the eldest child of Henry Joseph Kelly Gogarty FRCSI (1841/2–1891), a medical practitioner, and his wife, Margaret Oliver (d. 1906), daughter of a prosperous ...

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Guercy, Balthasar (d. 1557), surgeon and physician, was an Italian (de Guercis), born in Il Boscho in the duchy of Milan, though nothing is known of his parentage or birth. A belief that he was 'once of Canterbury' (Strype...

Article

D'A. Power

revised by B. A. Bryan

Heath, Christopher (1835–1905), surgeon, was born in London on 13 March 1835, the son of Christopher Heath (1802–1876), minister of the Catholic Apostolic church, and his wife, Eliza Barclay (1805/6–1884).

Heath entered King's College School in May 1845, and after apprenticeship to Nathaniel Davidson...

Article

Andrew Macphail

revised by Jeffrey S. Reznick

Hingston, Sir William Hales (1829–1907), surgeon, was born at Hinchbrook, Huntingdon, in the province of Quebec, Lower Canada, on 29 June 1829, the eldest son in a family of two sons and two daughters of Lieutenant-Colonel Samuel James Hingston (d. 1831), of the ...

Article

Hobbes, William (d. 1488), physician and surgeon, was the son and heir of John Hobbes (d. 1462), surgeon, of Fetter Lane, London; his mother was probably John's widow, Juliana. As a member of the mystery of surgeons of London, who himself owned many books, it is not surprising that ...

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Mapother, Edward Dillon (1835–1908), surgeon and dermatologist, was born on 14 October 1835 in Annadale Lodge, Fairview, Dublin, the son of Henry Mapother and Mary Lyons, both of co. Roscommon. His father was a bank official who disappeared from his office mysteriously and without trace....

Article

Morstede, Thomas (d. 1450), surgeon, was the son of Thomas and Alianora Morsted of Betchworth, Surrey. He is first recorded, as Thomas Morstede, 'leech', in a London deed of 1401. He had been apprenticed to the London surgeon Thomas Dayron (d. 1407)...

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O'Halloran, Sylvester (1728–1807), surgeon and antiquary, was born on 31 December 1728 at Caherdavin, co. Clare, Ireland, the third son of Michael O'Halloran, a substantial farmer, and Mary McDonnell. He attended a school in Limerick run by the Revd Robert Cashin and was taught Irish by the Jacobite poet ...