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Aird, Ian (1905–1962), surgeon, was born on 4 July 1905 at Belgrave Terrace, Corstorphine, Edinburgh, the first of two sons of William Aird (b. 1872), master tailor, and his wife, Jean Elizabeth Ogle (formerly Binnie). Both parents were lowland Scots, the father's forebears from ...

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Alexander, William (1845–1919), surgeon, was born on 29 April 1845 at Holestone, co. Antrim, Ireland, one of eight known children of James Alexander (d. 1887), tenant farmer, and his wife, Elizabeth (d. 1906). After schooling in nearby Doagh, Alexander studied medicine from 1866 to 1870 at ...

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Joseph Bell (1837–1911) by James Irvine, exh. Royal Scottish Academy 1889 reproduced with the kind permission of the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh

Article

Bell, Joseph (1837–1911), surgeon, the son of Benjamin Bell, surgeon, and his wife, Cecilia Craigie, was born on 2 December 1837 at St Andrew Square, Edinburgh. He was educated at the Edinburgh Academy and entered the University of Edinburgh at the early age of sixteen; he graduated MD in 1859. He travelled to the continent but was not attracted to stay and study there. ...

Article

Blackrie, Alexander (bap. 1702, d. 1772), surgeon-apothecary, was baptized on 14 June 1702 at the church of St Nicholas, Aberdeen, the seventh of the eleven children of William Blackrie and his wife, Isobel, née Fordyce. A merchant's son, he was educated at the grammar school and ...

Article

Blair, Patrick (c. 1680–1728), botanist and surgeon, was born at Lethendy, Perthshire, the third son of George Blair (d. 1682), a farmer, and his wife, Euphame. Little is known of his early life, and his date of birth is not certain. He was apprenticed to a surgeon-apothecary from the late 1680s, possibly in ...

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James Braid (1795–1860) by unknown engraver, 1851 Wellcome Library, London

Article

Braid, James (1795–1860), surgeon and hypnotist, son of James Braid and his wife, Anne Suttie, was born on 19 June 1795 at Ryelaw in a detached part of the parish of Portmoak, Kinross, Scotland. His father owned land in Ryelaw and in neighbouring ...

Article

Campbell F. Lloyd

Burns, John (1774–1850), surgeon, born in Glasgow, was the eldest of the sons of John Burns (1744–1839), minister of the Church of Scotland's Barony parish in Glasgow, and his wife, Elizabeth Stevenson, and was grandson of John Burns, the author of Burns's English Grammar...

Article

Cleghorn, Hugh Francis Clarke (1820–1895), surgeon, naturalist, and forest conservator, was born in Madras on 9 August 1820, the son of Peter (otherwise Patrick) Cleghorn (1783–1863), registrar general and prothonotary of the Supreme Court, Madras, and his wife, Isabella, née Allan (1796–1824). After the death of his mother he was sent to ...

Article

G. T. Bettany

revised by Michael Bevan

Dalrymple, William (1772–1847), surgeon, the son of John Dalrymple and his wife, Anne, was born at Norwich, where his father, a native of Dumfriesshire, had settled, and was baptized on 27 September 1772 at the local Presbyterian church. He was educated at Aylsham grammar school...

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Fraser, Sir Ian James (1901–1999), surgeon, was born on 9 February 1901 at 211 Albertbridge Road, Belfast, the only child of Robert Moore Fraser (1856–1952), general practitioner, and his first wife, Margaret (d. 1903), daughter of Adam Boal Ferguson, farmer. His mother died when he was two but he grew up in a happy home with his father, stepmother (...

Article

James Gairdner

revised by Patrick Wallis

Gairdner, John (1790–1876), surgeon, eldest son of Captain Robert Gairdner (d. 1795) of the Bengal artillery and J. Macrae Smith, was born at Mount Charles, near Ayr, on 18 September 1790. When he was only five years old his father was killed by the kick of a horse, and the care of five sons and a daughter fell upon his widowed mother. He received his school education at ...

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Howison, John (1797–1859), writer and surgeon, was born on 10 May 1797 in Edinburgh, third and youngest child of William Howison, financial writer, and his wife, Janet Bogle. He was the brother of William Howison (b. 1796?). From 1818 to 1820 Howison travelled in ...

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Lowe, Peter (c. 1550–1610), surgeon and founder of the Faculty of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow, may have been born in the west of Scotland. The exact date and location of his birth are unknown and have been the subject of debate. Lowe...

Article

D'A. Power

revised by Anita McConnell

Mackenzie, William (1791–1868), surgeon, was born in Queen Street, Glasgow, on or shortly before 25 April 1791, the only son of James Mackenzie (d. 1800), a muslin manufacturer, and his wife, Isabella Dick. He was educated at Glasgow grammar school and matriculated at ...

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Macleod, Sir George Husband Baird (1828–1892), surgeon, was born at Campsie, Stirlingshire, the third son of Norman Macleod (1783–1862), Church of Scotland minister, and his wife, Agnes Maxwell. He was the brother of Norman Macleod (1812–1872), who too was a minister of the ...

Article

W. A. Greenhill

revised by Patrick Wallis

Meikle, James (1730–1799), surgeon and religious writer, was born at Carnwath, in the upper part of Clydesdale, on 19 May 1730, the fifth child of George Meikle (d. 1748), a surgeon and druggist. James, a delicate boy, received little regular education; but he was religiously brought up by his parents, and when about sixteen years old joined the ...

Article

D'A. Power

revised by Kaye Bagshaw

Miller, James (1812–1864), surgeon, born at the manse, Essie, Forfarshire, on 2 April 1812, was the third son of the Revd James Miller (1777–1860), and Barbara, daughter of the Revd Dr Martin, of Monimail in Fife. He was taught by his father, and in 1824 went to ...

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Alexander Monro primus (1697–1767) by Allan Ramsay, 1749 Scottish National Portrait Gallery