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Sir Charles Bell (1774–1842) by John Stevens, c. 1821 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Bell, Sir Charles (1774–1842), physiologist and surgeon, the youngest of the six children of William Bell (1704–1779), an Episcopal clergyman, and his wife, Margaret Morrice, the daughter of a clergyman, was born in November 1774 at Fountainbridge, at that time a suburb of ...

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Bell, John (1763–1820), surgeon and anatomist, was born on 12 May 1763 in Edinburgh, the second son of the Revd William Bell (1704–1779) and his wife, Margaret Morrice. Despite the impoverishment of the family which was caused by Bell's father's conversion from the ...

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Brodie, Sir Benjamin Collins, first baronet (1783–1862), physiologist and surgeon, was born on 8 June 1783 at Winterslow, Wiltshire, the fourth child and third son of Peter Bellinger Brodie (1742–1804), rector of the parish, and his wife, Sarah (1755–1847), daughter of Benjamin Collins...

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Sir Benjamin Collins Brodie, first baronet (1783–1862) by Maull & Polyblank, late 1850s © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Paul Buissière (d. 1739) by unknown artist © Royal Society

Article

Gordon Goodwin

revised by Michael Bevan

Buissière [Bussière], Paul (d. 1739), surgeon and anatomist, was a native of France, and a protestant who had left his country on account of his religion. Before leaving France he had practised with distinction in the principality of Orange. He settled in the first instance at ...

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Carpue, Joseph Constantine (bap. 1764, d. 1846), surgeon and anatomist, was baptized on 4 May 1764 at the Sardinian embassy chapel, Lincoln's Inn Fields, London, the son of Henry Carpue (d. 1794), a Roman Catholic gentleman of Brook Green, and his wife, ...

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William Cheselden (1688–1752) by Jonathan Richardson the elder reproduced by kind permission of the President and Council of the Royal College of Surgeons of London

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Cheselden, William (1688–1752), surgeon and anatomist, born on 19 October 1688 in a dwelling, now Cheseldyne House, at Burrough on the Hill, Somerby, Leicestershire, was the third child and second son of George Cheselden, landowner and farmer, and his wife, Deborah, daughter of ...

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John Hunter (1728–1793) by Sir Joshua Reynolds, 1786, reworked 1789 reproduced by kind permission of the President and Council of the Royal College of Surgeons of London

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Hunter, John (1728–1793), surgeon and anatomist, was born during the night of 13 February 1728, the youngest of ten children of John Hunter (1662/3–1741) and his wife, Agnes Paul (c.1685–1751), in the family holding at Long Calderwood in East Kilbride, a small village near ...

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Marshall, John (1818–1891), surgeon and teacher of anatomy, was born on 11 September 1818 at Ely, Cambridgeshire, the second son and third child of William Marshall (1776–1842) and his second wife, Ann Cropley (c.1793–1861), also of Ely. William Marshall was a successful solicitor, whose eldest son, also ...

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Molins, William (1617–1691), surgeon and anatomist, seventh son of James Molins (c. 1580–1638) and his wife, Aurelia Molins (c. 1582–1641) [see under Molins, James], a midwife and daughter of John Florio (1553–1625), was born in Shoe Lane, Holborn, London, at 2.45 p.m. on 13 February 1617, according to a horoscope by ...

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Alexander Monro primus (1697–1767) by Allan Ramsay, 1749 Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Monro, Alexander, primus (1697–1767), surgeon and anatomist, was born in London on 8 September 1697, the only surviving son of John Monro (bap. 1670, d. 1740), an army surgeon, and his wife and first cousin, Jean Forbes (d. c.1710), daughter of ...

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Mullin, Allen (1653/4–1690), surgeon and anatomist, the son of Patrick Mullin of Ballicoulter, Ireland, entered Trinity College, Dublin, as a sizar at the age of eighteen on 27 February 1672. He graduated BA in 1676, MB in 1679, and MD in 1684, when he was elected a fellow of the ...

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W. A. Greenhill

revised by Jean Loudon

Ormerod, William Piers (1818–1860), anatomist and surgeon, was born in London on 14 May 1818, the fifth son of the historian George Ormerod (1785–1873), of Sedbury Park, Tidenham, Gloucestershire, and Sarah (1784–1860), daughter of John Latham MD (1761–1843); George Wareing Ormerod and Edward Latham Ormerod...

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Pattison, Granville Sharp (1791–1851), anatomist and surgeon, was born in the Barony parish of Glasgow on 23 January 1791. He was the fifth and youngest son of the eight children of John Pattison (1747–1807), a prosperous Glasgow merchant and muslin manufacturer, and his wife, ...

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Reid, Alexander (c. 1570–1641), anatomist and surgeon, was one of the six sons and three daughters of James Reid (d. 1602), first reformed minister of the parish of Banchory-Ternan, Aberdeenshire, in north-east Scotland. Of Alexander's brothers, John was a servant of George Buchanan...