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Allen, Ethan (1738–1789), revolutionary army officer and politician in America, was born on 10 January 1738 in Litchfield, Connecticut, the eldest of the seven children of Joseph Allen (1708–1755) and Mary Baker (1708–1774), farmers. The Allen family lived in what was then a frontier region of ...

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Butler, Richard (1743–1791), revolutionary army officer in America, was born on 1 April 1743 in St Bridget's parish, Dublin, the son of Thomas Butler, supposedly the son of a baron, possibly Thomas Butler, sixth Baron Cahir, and Eleanor Parker. He and his family emigrated to ...

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George Rogers Clark (1752–1818) by Matthew Harris Jouett?, c. 1825 Collection Filson Club, Louisville, Kentucky

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Clark, George Rogers (1752–1818), revolutionary army officer in America, was born on 19 November 1752 in Albemarle county, Virginia, one of ten children of John Clark (d. 1799), planter, and his wife and cousin Ann Rogers (d. 1799). His parents were of Scottish ancestry, descended from settlers who arrived in ...

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Gates, Horatio (1727?–1806), revolutionary army officer, was the son of Robert Gates (d. 1766), a Thames waterman, and his wife, Dorothy Reeve (d. 1768), housekeeper to Peregrine Osborne, second duke of Leeds. The circumstances of his birth remain controversial: even the date is uncertain, and while his birthplace is traditionally given as ...

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Nathanael Greene (1742–1786) by Charles Willson Peale, 1783 Independence National Historical Park

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Greene, Nathanael (1742–1786), revolutionary army officer in America, was born on 27 July 1742 in Warwick, Rhode Island, the son of Nathanael Greene senior, co-owner of an ironworks, and Mary, née Mott. Greene's father, a man of some means, did not believe in extensive formal education. So at a relatively early age ...

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Heath, William (1737–1814), revolutionary army officer in America, was born on 13 March 1737 in Roxbury, Massachusetts, the son of Samuel Heath, farmer, and his wife, Elizabeth Payson. He received little formal education, securing the rudiments from his parents. He chose farming as an occupation. On 19 April 1759 he married ...

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Howe, Robert (1732–1786), politician and revolutionary army officer in America, was born on the rice plantation belonging to his father, Job Howe (d. 1748), in New Hanover county, North Carolina, beside the Cape Fear River. His family was a branch of the distinguished ...

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Irvine, William (1741–1804), army officer and revolutionary politician in America, was born on 3 November 1741 near Enniskillen, co. Fermanagh; details of his parents, who originally came from Scotland, are unknown. He was educated at Enniskillen grammar school and may have studied medicine at ...

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Henry Knox (1750–1806) by Gilbert Stuart, c. 1805 Copyright 2004 Museum of Fine Arts, Boston; Deposited by the City of Boston

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Knox, Henry (1750–1806), revolutionary army officer and politician in America, was born on 25 July 1750 at Sea Street, Boston, Massachusetts, the seventh of ten sons of William Knox (1712–1762), shipmaster and wharf owner, and his wife, Mary Campbell (d. 1771), daughter of ...

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Lee, Charles (1732–1782), revolutionary army officer in America, was born on 26 January 1732 in Chester, the youngest of seven children of Colonel John Lee (d. 1750), army officer, and his wife, Isabella Bunbury (d. 1766), niece of Sir Thomas Hanmer...

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Lewis, Andrew (1720–1781), revolutionary army officer, was born on 9 October 1720 in co. Donegal, Ireland, the third of six children of John Lewis (1678–1762), farmer, and Margaret (1693–1773), daughter of William Lynn and his wife, Margaret. His parents went to America in 1732 and settled in ...

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Benjamin Lincoln (1733–1810) by Henry Sargent, 1806 courtesy of the Massachusetts Historical Society

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Lincoln, Benjamin (1733–1810), revolutionary army officer and politician in America, was born on 29 January 1733 in Hingham, Massachusetts, the sixth of eight children of Colonel Benjamin Lincoln (1699–1771), farmer and maltster, and his wife, Elizabeth Thaxter, a widow. Although his father was moderately wealthy and a member of the governor's council, ...

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Marion, Francis (1732–1795), planter and revolutionary army officer in America, was born at Goatfield plantation near the Cooper River, St John's parish, Berkeley county, South Carolina, the sixth of six children of Gabriel Marion (1693–1747), planter, and Esther Cordes (1695–1757). Francis was of French Huguenot ancestry and at birth 'not larger than a ...

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Martin, Alexander (1739/40–1807), revolutionary army officer and politician in America, was born at Lebanon, Hunterdon county, New Jersey, the eldest son of Hugh Martin (b. c.1700) and Jane, née Hunter (c.1720–1807). Martin's father was originally from co. Tyrone and his mother from ...

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Matlack, Timothy (1736?–1829), revolutionary politician and army officer in America, was born in Haddonfield, New Jersey, most likely on 28 May 1736, though three other dates appear in biographical sources. He was the seventh child and eldest son of his father's eleven children. His parents were ...

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McDougall, Alexander (1732–1786), army officer and revolutionary politician in America, was born in July or August 1732 in Kildalton, Islay, Scotland, the son of Ronald McDougall, a farmer and dairyman, and his wife, Elizabeth. His Presbyterian parents were part of the highland Scottish and northern Irish migration to the American ‘back country’ of the mid-eighteenth century, prepared to brave a war-ridden frontier rather than continuing to endure conditions in their homeland. ...