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Beckwith, John Charles (1789–1862), army officer and missionary, was born at Halifax, Nova Scotia, on 2 October 1789. He was the grandson of Major-General John Beckwith, and nephew of the generals Sir George and Sir Thomas Sydney Beckwith. His father, like his four brothers, had held a commission in the ...

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Bennett, Robert (1605–1683), parliamentarian army officer and religious radical, was born in Hexworthy, Lawhitton, Cornwall, the eldest son of Richard Bennett esquire and his wife, Mary, daughter of Oliver Clobery of Bradstone, Devon. He matriculated from Exeter College, Oxford, on 13 December 1622 and left after taking his BA in 1624; during 1622 he was also enrolled at the ...

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Borthwick, Sir John (d. 1569), soldier and religious activist, is of obscure origins. He was not, as has been claimed, a son of William, third Lord Borthwick, but became son-in-law of the fourth lord [see Borthwick, William] when he married the latter's youngest daughter, ...

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See Caunter, John Hobart

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Cavalier, Jean (1681–1740), army officer and leader of the Camisard rising in France, was born on 28 November 1681 at Mas Roux, Ribaute, near Anduze, Languedoc, subsequently in the département of Gard, the son of Antoine Cavalier, a small farmer, and his wife, ...

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Chillenden, Edmund (fl. 1631–1678), parliamentarian army officer and General Baptist leader, was the son of William Chillenden, yeoman, of Faversham, Kent. His father had died by the time he was bound to the Merchant Taylors' Company of London in February 1631. He gained his freedom of the company in March 1637 and worked for his former master as a button-seller living in ...

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Chisenhale [Chisnall], Edward (bap. 1619, d. 1654), soldier and religious controversialist, was baptized on 20 January 1619 in the parish of Standish, Lancashire, the eldest son of Edward Chisnall (d. 1635) of Chisnall in the same county, and his wife, Margaret (...

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Clifford, Sir Lewis (c. 1330–1404), soldier and suspected heretic, 'far from being of the north-country baronial family was a cadet of the Cliffords of Devonshire, such small fry that their pedigree is difficult to trace' (McFarlane, 162). He was probably born in the early 1330s. His military career began inauspiciously as one of the ...

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Coppock, Thomas (bap. 1719, d. 1746), Jacobite chaplain, was born in Old Millgate, Manchester, and baptized on 13 December 1719. He was the third of four children of John Coppock, a tailor, and his wife, Esther, née Ogden, both from Manchester. In the 1730s he attended the local grammar school and in 1739 went on to ...

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Dell, Jonas (d. 1665?), soldier and religious writer, may have fought in the parliamentarian army in the civil war. Nothing is known about his origins or early life, but in 1658 he attacked a corrupt establishment thus: 'I did not think at Marston Moor...

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Gates, Geoffrey (fl. 1566–1580), soldier and polemicist, was the eldest son and heir of Geoffrey Gates; his mother was a Pascall of Essex. His uncle was the Essex gentleman Sir John Gates (1504–1553), captain of the guard of Edward VI and chancellor of the ...

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Gatliff, James (1765–1831), army officer and Church of England clergyman, the son of James Gatliff of Manchester, a man of leisure, was born in Manchester on 21 December 1765. Educated at the Manchester grammar school until the age of eleven, and then at a succession of private schools, he was commissioned into the ...

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Graham [Grimes], Robert [name in religion Alexis] (d. 1701), army officer and Trappist monk, was the second son of a certain ‘Colonel’ William Grimes, a cousin of the earl of Montrose, who is described in Lord Manchester's correspondence as a cavalry officer serving under ...

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Greville, Robert, second Baron Brooke of Beauchamps Court (1607–1643), parliamentarian army officer and religious writer, was born in May 1607, the son of Fulke Greville (1575–1632) of Thorpe Latimer, Lincolnshire, and his wife, Mary, daughter of Christopher Copley of Wadsworth, Yorkshire. Mary's first husband was another ...

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Haime, John (bap. 1708, d. 1784), soldier and Methodist preacher, was born in Shaftesbury, Dorset, and baptized at Holy Trinity Church in Shaftesbury on 18 February 1708 (though he gave the date of his birth as 1710 in his autobiography), the son of a gardener. He followed his father's occupation for several years, but disliked it; he left to work with his uncle as a button maker, first in ...

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Heydon, Sir Christopher (1561–1623), soldier and writer on astrology, was born in Surrey on 14 August 1561, the eldest son of Sir William Heydon (1540–1594) of Baconsthorpe, Norfolk, and his wife, Anne (fl. c.1540–1603), daughter of Sir William Woodhouse of Hickling, Norfolk...

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Samuel Kem (1604–1670) by George Glover, 1638 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Kem, Samuel (1604–1670), Church of England clergyman and army officer, was born in London, the son of a cooper. Having matriculated at Oxford as a commoner of Magdalen Hall on 23 June 1621, he was elected to a demyship at Magdalen College in 1624, and graduated BA on 19 February 1625. He resigned his demyship in 1626 on being presented to a college living, and in 1628 became vicar of ...

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Larke, Sampson (bap. 1620, d. 1685), republican soldier and Baptist preacher, was baptized at Poundstock, north Cornwall, on 27 August 1620, the son of Sampson Larke (d. in or before 1654), a yeoman farmer, and his wife, Agnes, whose name before marriage is not known. He was one of at least three children to survive infancy, and his father was churchwarden of ...

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Latimer, Sir Thomas (1341–1401), soldier and alleged heretic, was the third son of Sir Warin Latimer of Braybrooke, Northamptonshire, and Katherine, daughter of John de la Warr, born between 10 and 17 September 1341. He is chiefly notable as the most conspicuous, if not the most fervent, member of a group of courtiers and soldiers disparaged by the chroniclers ...