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Best, Paul (1590–1657), scholar and religious writer, was born in 1590 (before 12 August) probably at Hutton Cranswick, in the East Riding of Yorkshire, the first of the six children of James Best (d. 1617), yeoman farmer, and his first wife, Dorothy (...

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Buckmaster, William (d. 1546), scholar, graduated BA in 1513–14 as a student of Peterhouse, Cambridge, where he was admitted a fellow in 1517. He was admitted MA the same year, and was ordained deacon in the diocese of Lincoln on 18 September 1518 and priest on 18 December. He was admitted BTh in 1525 and DTh in 1528, the year of his appointment as Lady Margaret preacher. Elected vice-chancellor of ...

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Bunsen, Christian Karl Josias von, Baron von Bunsen in the Prussian nobility (1791–1860), diplomatist and scholar, was born on 25 August 1791 in Korbach, in the German principality of Waldeck, the only child of Heinrich Christian Bunsen (1743–1820), a regimental officer, and his second wife, ...

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Thompson Cooper

revised by H. C. G. Matthew

Burgess, Henry (1808–1886), Church of England clergyman and scholar, was educated at Stepney College, where he was noted for his ability in Hebrew, Greek, and Latin. After ministering to a nonconformist congregation, he joined the Church of England, being ordained deacon in 1850 and priest in 1851. He took the degree of LLD at ...

Article

T. F. Henderson

revised by K. D. Reynolds

Busk, Hans, the elder (1772–1862), scholar and poet, was born on 28 May 1772, the youngest son of Sir Wadsworth Busk (1730–1811), attorney-general of the Isle of Man and treasurer of the Middle Temple, and Alice (d. 1776), daughter and coheir of ...

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Cheke, Sir John (1514–1557), humanist, royal tutor, and administrator, was born on 16 June 1514 in a house on the corner of Market Hill and Petty Cury in Cambridge, the son of Peter Cheke (d. 1530), administrator, of Cambridge, and his wife, ...

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Sir John Cheke (1514–1557) attrib. Lodovico Leoni, c. 1555 © Copyright The British Museum

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Claymond, John (1467/8–1536), humanist and college head, was born in Frampton in Lincolnshire, the son of John and Alice Claymond. Possibly educated at the school of Magdalen College in Oxford, he was admitted to the college itself as a demy in 1484 aged sixteen, became a fellow in July 1488, senior commoner in 1493, and president in 1507. In the same year he received his MA and lectured in the university on ...

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Elyot, Sir Thomas (c. 1490–1546), humanist and diplomat, was the only son of Sir Richard Elyot (d. 1522) and his first wife, Alice Delamere, a descendant of the Finderns of Derbyshire. Alice died about 1510 and Sir Richard subsequently married Elizabeth Besilles, whose father, ...

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Sir Thomas Elyot (c. 1490–1546) by Hans Holbein the younger The Royal Collection © 2004 HM Queen Elizabeth II

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Enzinas, Francisco de [known as Francis Dryander] (1518?–1552), humanist scholar, was born in the parish of San Gil, Burgos, Spain, the son of Juan de Enzinas (d. 1556?), a prosperous wool merchant. According to one of his contemporaries he was born on 1 November 1518 (...

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Janeway, John (1633–1657), scholar and writer on religion, was born at Lilley, Hertfordshire, on 27 October 1633 and was baptized there on 4 December, the second son of William Janeway (d. 1654), curate of the parish. His brother James Janeway (1636–1674) was after the Restoration pastor of a presbyterian congregation at ...

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Karl Heinrich Marx (1818–1883) by unknown photographer, 1867 Marx Memorial Library, London

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Marx, Karl Heinrich (1818–1883), revolutionary and thinker, known from student days to his intimates as Mohr (the Moor), was born on 5 May 1818 at Brückengasse 664, in Trier, a recent addition to the kingdom of Prussia, the third of nine children and only surviving son of the lawyer ...

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Morison, Sir Richard (c. 1510–1556), humanist and diplomat, was the second son of Thomas Morison of Sandon, Hertfordshire, and his wife, a daughter of Thomas Merry of Hatfield, Hertfordshire. His father was probably originally from Chardwell, Yorkshire, but it remains possible that the ...

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Platts, John (1775–1837), Unitarian minister and compiler of reference works, was born at Boston, Lincolnshire. For seven or eight years he officiated as a Calvinist minister there, but then became a Unitarian. Ordained by Charles Wellbeloved and Robert Aspland, he ministered at Spain Lane Chapel...

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Prise, Sir John [Syr Siôn ap Rhys] (1501/2–1555), administrator and scholar, was born between 12 October 1501 and 11 October 1502, the son of Rhys ap Gwilym ap Llywelyn of Brecon and Gwenllian, daughter of Hywel ap Madog. After study at Oxford University...

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Redlich, Josef (1869–1936), scholar and politician, was born on 18 June 1869 at Göding (Hodonin), Moravia, the second of five children and younger son of Adolf Redlich (1839–1896), sugar manufacturer, and his wife, Rosa Fanto (d. 1908). Coming from a German-Jewish family background in a rural Slav area, he was sent to ...

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Satow, Sir Ernest Mason (1843–1929), diplomat and scholar, was born on 30 June 1843 at 10 Buccleuch Terrace, Upper Clapton, Hackney. He was the third son and eighth child of (Hans) David Christophe Satow (1801–1874), merchant, of Wismar (in Mecklenburg) and Riga...

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Starkey, Thomas (c. 1498–1538), humanist and royal servant, was born in Cheshire to another Thomas Starkey, probably at Wrenbury, where the family was prominent. His father probably held office in Wales and was wealthy enough to pay for his son's education. His mother, ...