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Allen, Sir Hugh Percy (1869–1946), musicologist and conductor, was born at Reading on 23 December 1869, the youngest of the seven children of John Herbert Allen, who was in business with Huntley and Palmers of Reading. His mother, Rebecca, was the daughter of ...

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Anonymous IV (fl. 1250–1280), music theorist, may have been a monk of Bury St Edmunds. He studied (or at least lived) in Paris, and, like many in contact with contemporary music there, he disseminated knowledge about the new styles when he returned to his native land. His treatise, ...

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Bagenal, (Philip) Hope Edward (1888–1979), architectural theorist and acoustician, was born on 11 February 1888 at 9 Mount Street, Dublin, the second of five children of Philip Henry Bagenal (1850–1927), civil servant and journalist, and his wife, Harriot Jocelyn Hore (1851/2–1942). He was always known by his second name, ...

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A. B. Grosart

revised by D. K. Money

Barton, William (1597/8–1678), translator and hymnologist, matriculated as a sizar at Trinity College, Cambridge, in Lent 1619; he graduated BA in 1622 and proceeded MA in 1625. He was ordained priest on 21 September 1623. He is probably to be identified with the ...

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Bate, Philip Argall Turner (1909–1999), musicologist and collector of musical instruments, was born in Glasgow on 26 March 1909, the only child of English parents, Percy Herbert Bate (1868–1913), secretary to the Glasgow Museum of Arts, and Mary Turner (1872–1963). His father became curator of the ...

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Birchensha, John (c. 1605–1681?), musical theorist and teacher, was (according to Flood, 214) a son of Sir Ralph Birchensha (c.1565?–1622?) and his wife, Elizabeth (d. after 1618). They were possibly the Raphe Byrkenshaw and Elizabeth Morall who were married at ...

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Brown, Alexander [Sandy] (1929–1975), bandleader and acoustic architect, was born on 25 February 1929 in Izatnagar, near Bareilly in India, the second son of John Brown, a railway engineer who died about 1936, and his wife, Minnie Henderson (d. 1975). His parents were Scottish and Presbyterian, although ...

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Brown, James Duff (1862–1914), librarian and compiler of music reference books, was born on 6 November 1862 at 3 Reid Terrace, Stockbridge, Edinburgh, the second of seven children of James Brown of St Fergus, Aberdeenshire, a bookkeeper, and his wife, Margaret Douglas of ...

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Buck, Sir Percy Carter (1871–1947), musician, was born Percy Hartshorn Buck on 25 March 1871 in West Ham Lane, West Ham, Essex, the son of William Richard Buck, clerk in the War Office, and his wife, Alice Emmeline Wilson. He was educated at ...

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Charles Burney (1726–1814) by Sir Joshua Reynolds, 1781 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Burney, Charles (1726–1814), musician and author, was born on 7 April 1726 in Raven Street, Shrewsbury, the fourth of six children of James Macburney (1678–1749), dancer, musician, and portraitist, and his second wife, Ann Cooper (c.1690–1775).

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Chilmead, Edmund (1610–1654), scholar and musician, was born at Stow on the Wold, Gloucestershire, where he received his early schooling. In 1625 he was made clerk at Magdalen College, Oxford, where he graduated BA in 1628 and proceeded MA in 1632, the year that also saw his instalment as petty canon of ...

Article

Ivor Atkins

revised by Nigel Scaife

Colles, Henry Cope (1879–1943), music historian and critic, was born at Bridgnorth, Shropshire, on 20 April 1879, the third child and elder son of Abraham Colles MD FRCS (and thus the great-grandson of Abraham Colles), and his wife, Emily Agnes Georgina, daughter of ...

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Collinson, Francis James Montgomery (1898–1984), musical director and musicologist, was born on 20 January 1898 at Coates House, Manor Place, Edinburgh, the third of five children (three sons, two daughters) of Thomas Henry Collinson (1858–1928), organist at St Mary's Episcopal Cathedral, Edinburgh, and his wife, ...

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Cotton, John [John of Afflighem] (fl. c. 1100), music theorist, was the author of a frequently cited and widely transmitted treatise, De musica, written about 1100. John and his treatise were long thought to be English on the strength of the opening words of a dedicatory letter with which the treatise begins, addressing 'Domini et patri suo venerabili Anglorum antisti [or episcopo] Fulgentio' (...

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Ellerton, John (1826–1893), hymn writer and editor of hymnals, was born on 16 December 1826 in Clerkenwell, London, the elder son of George Ellerton (1776–1844), of private means, who came from an evangelical Yorkshire family, and his wife, Jemima Frances, née Brown (1794/5–1866)...

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Fellowes, Edmund Horace (1870–1951), Church of England clergyman and musical scholar, was born in Paddington, London, on 11 November 1870, the second son and fifth child of Horace Decimus Fellowes (1836–1881), assistant director of the royal army clothing depot and a member of the family of ...

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Eric William Fenby (1906–1997) by Sir James Gunn, 1932 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Fenby, Eric William (1906–1997), musician and musicologist, was born on 22 April 1906 at 92 Candler Street, Scarborough, Yorkshire, the only son and oldest of three children of Herbert Henry Fenby (1870–1954), engineer, and his wife, Ada Brown (1878–1974). He was educated at ...

Article

L. M. Middleton

revised by David J. Golby

Flowers, George French (1811–1872), composer and musical theorist, was born on 28 June 1811 in Boston, Lincolnshire, the fourth son of Field Flowers, later rector of Partney. He studied music with C. H. Rinck and Schnyder von Wartensee in Germany, and went on to graduate BMus from ...