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Atkins, John (bap. 1685, d. 1757), naval surgeon, the son of John and Grace Atkins, was baptized on 26 November 1685 at Plaistow, Essex. He served a professional apprenticeship before commencing a chequered naval career in March 1701 as surgeon's mate of the ...

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Sir George Ballingall (1780–1855) by unknown engraver Wellcome Library, London

Article

Ballingall, Sir George (1780–1855), military surgeon and medical writer, was born on 2 May 1780 at Forglen, Banffshire, the son of the Revd Robert Ballingall, and his wife, a daughter of J. Simson of Edinshead. His education began at the Falkland parish school...

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Barry, Sir David (1780–1835), army surgeon and physiologist, was born on 12 March 1780 in co. Roscommon, Ireland. After showing early talent in classics and mathematics, he eventually decided upon a career in medicine. He was examined for the army in the Royal College of Surgeons...

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H. M. Chichester

revised by Patrick Wallis

Broughton, Samuel Daniel (1787–1837), military surgeon, the fourth and youngest son of Thomas Broughton, rector of St Peter's, Bristol, and his wife, Jane, was born in Bristol in July 1787. Thomas Duer Broughton (1778–1835) was his brother. Samuel was educated at Bristol grammar school...

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Bryson, Alexander (1802–1869), naval surgeon, began his professional studies at Edinburgh and continued them at Glasgow, where he qualified in 1827 and was admitted to the Royal Faculty of Physicians and Surgeons. In the same year he entered the navy as assistant surgeon; he was promoted surgeon in 1836, deputy inspector-general in 1854, and inspector-general in 1855. In January 1864, on the retirement of ...

Article

Bynoe, Benjamin (1803–1865), ship's surgeon and naturalist, was born at Christ Church, Barbados, on 25 July 1803, the son of Samuel and Elizabeth Bynoe. Nothing is known of Bynoe's education and though he was sometimes styled MD there is no record that he obtained this qualification in the ...

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Cunningham, Peter Miller (1789–1864), naval surgeon and pioneer in Australia, fifth and youngest son of John Cunningham (1743–1800) of Dalswinton, near Dumfries, land steward and farmer, and his wife, Elizabeth, née Harley, the daughter of a Dumfries merchant, was born at Dalswinton in November 1789. He was brother of ...

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Esdaile, James (1808–1859), East India Company surgeon and mesmerist, was born on 8 February 1808 in Montrose, Forfarshire, Scotland, the eldest son of the Revd James Esdaile and his wife, Margaret Blair. He studied at the University of Edinburgh where he graduated MD, and subsequently gained an appointment as assistant surgeon in the ...

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Charles Creighton

revised by Jeffrey S. Reznick

Forbes, James (1779–1837), military surgeon and physician, was born at Aberdeen, and received his MA at Marischal College, Aberdeen. He then studied medicine at the University of Edinburgh, where he graduated MD in 1803. In the same year he entered the army as assistant surgeon to the ...

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Gerard, James Gilbert (1793–1835), East India Company military surgeon and surveyor, son of Gilbert Gerard, DD (1760–1815) and his wife, Helen, daughter of John Duncan, provost of Aberdeen, and brother of Alexander Gerard and Patrick Gerard, was born in the parish of Old Machar, Aberdeenshire...

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Hall, Sir John (1795–1866), military surgeon, the son of John Hall and his wife, Isabel (née Fothergill), was born at Little Beck, Westmorland. After leaving Appleby grammar school he studied medicine at Guy's and St Thomas's hospitals in London. In June 1815 he entered the ...

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Charles Creighton

revised by Claire E. J. Herrick

Hall, Robert (1763–1824), military surgeon, was born at Haughhead, Roxburghshire. He was descended from the ancient Border family of the Halls of Newbiggin, and was great-grandson of Henry Hall of Haughhead (d. 1680), the covenanter.

Following his education at school in Jedburgh...

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Hamilton [formerly Buchanan], Francis, of Buchanan (1762–1829), East India Company surgeon and botanist, third son of Thomas Buchanan of Spittal of Glenshee and his wife, Elizabeth Hamilton, heiress of Bardowie, was born at Branziet, Perthshire, on 15 February 1762. He graduated MA from ...

Article

Charles Creighton

revised by David Gates

Hennen, John (1779–1828), army officer and military surgeon, born on 21 April 1779, at Castlebar, co. Mayo, was the younger son of James Hennen, a medical practitioner, and was descended from a family who had held land near Castlebar since the Cromwellian occupation. After school at ...

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Sir James Hillyar (1769–1843) by unknown artist, 1807–12 © National Maritime Museum, London

Article

J. K. Laughton

revised by Roger Morriss

Hillyar, Sir James (1769–1843), naval officer, eldest son of James Hillyar, surgeon in the navy, was born on 29 October 1769 at Portsea, Hampshire. He entered the navy in 1779, on the Chatham, under Captain John Orde, and was in her at the capture of the ...

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Irving, James (1759–1791), naval surgeon and slave trader, was born at Langholm, Dumfriesshire, on 15 December 1759, the third and only surviving child of John Irving (1731?–1807), blacksmith and innkeeper, and his wife, Isobel, née Little (1725?–1791). As a surgeon and captain in the ...

Article

J. K. Laughton

revised by Elizabeth Baigent

Ives, Edward (1719–1786), naval surgeon and traveller, was born in Lymington, Hampshire, on 9 February 1719; of his early life little is known save that he had at least one sister, Gatty. He served in the navy as surgeon of the Dragon initially in the ...

Article

Jackson, Robert (bap. 1750, d. 1827), military surgeon and medical writer, was born at Stonebyres, Lanarkshire, Scotland, and baptized on 15 July 1750 at Wandel, Lanarkshire, the son of Laurence Jackson, a small farmer. After an early schooling at Wandel and Crawford he was apprenticed for three years to a surgeon at ...