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Article

W. J. Bishop

revised by Claire E. J. Herrick

Arkwright, Sir Joseph Arthur (1864–1944), bacteriologist, was born at Thurlaston, Leicestershire, on 22 March 1864, the youngest of the five children of Arthur William Arkwright, gentleman farmer, of Broughton Hall, Astley, and his wife and second cousin, Emma (d. 1866), daughter of ...

Article

Boyd, Sir John Smith Knox (1891–1981), bacteriologist, was born on 18 September 1891 at Largs, Ayrshire, the second of three sons (there were no daughters) of John Knox Boyd, an agent in the Royal Bank of Scotland, and his wife, Margaret Wilson Smith...

Image

Sir David Bruce (1855–1931) by unknown photographer, 1894–6 Wellcome Library, London

Article

S. R. Christophers

revised by Helen J. Power

Bruce, Sir David (1855–1931), bacteriologist and parasitologist, was born in Melbourne, Australia, on 29 May 1855, the only son of David Bruce, of Edinburgh, and his wife, Jane, daughter of Alexander Hamilton, of Stirling. His father was presumably an engineer, who went to ...

Article

Colebrook, Leonard (1883–1967), bacteriologist, was born in Guildford, Surrey, on 2 March 1883, the fifth child and third son of six children born to May Colebrook, a prosperous farmer and nonconformist preacher, and his second wife, Mary Gower. He was educated from 1891 to 1896 at ...

Article

Cowan, Samuel Tertius (1905–1976), bacteriologist, was born Samuel Cowan at 87 Monton Road, Eccles, Lancashire, on 24 September 1905, the only child of Samuel Cowan (1875–1941), a Manchester optician, and his wife, Emily Woods (1879–1964). The third in direct line to bear the name ...

Article

Gordon, Mervyn Henry (1872–1953), bacteriologist, was born at Harting, Sussex, on 22 June 1872, the sixth of ten children of the Revd Henry Doddridge Gordon and his wife, Elizabeth Oke, daughter of William Buckland, the first professor of mineralogy and geology at Oxford...

Article

Ledingham, Sir John Charles Grant (1875–1944), bacteriologist, was born on 19 May 1875 at Boyndie, Banffshire, the sixth child of the Revd James Ledingham, minister of Boyndie, and his wife, Isabella, daughter of the Revd James Gardiner, minister of Rathven. He was educated at ...

Article

Leishman, Sir William Boog (1865–1926), bacteriologist and pathologist, was born in Glasgow on 6 November 1865, the fourth of six children and youngest of the three sons of William Leishman (1833–1894), regius professor of midwifery in the University of Glasgow, and his wife, ...

Article

McLeod, (James) Walter (1887–1978), bacteriologist, was born on 2 January 1887 at Dumbarton, near Glasgow, the second of three sons of John McLeod, a successful Scottish architect, and his wife, Lilias Symington, daughter of James McClymont, a gentleman farmer of Borgue House, Kirkcudbrightshire...

Article

Tulloch, William John (1887–1966), bacteriologist, was born on 12 November 1887 at Dundee, the youngest of two sons and three daughters of Henry Tulloch, hatter, and his wife, Coralie van Wasserhove of Waerschoot in Belgium. Educated at Dundee high school, he studied medicine at the ...

Article

Tyrrell, David Arthur John (1925–2005), virologist, was born at Kaombe, Salcombe Road, Ashford, Middlesex, on 19 June 1925, the elder son of Sidney Charles Tyrrell, an accountant who had fought in the First World War, and his wife, Agnes Kate, née Blewett, a schoolteacher specializing in French and mathematics, who subsequently gave up her career to care for her family. ...

Article

Wildy, (Norman) Peter Leete (1920–1987), virologist, was born on 31 March 1920 at Tunbridge Wells, Kent, the only child of Eric Lawrence Wildy (1890–1973), electrical engineer, and Gwendolen Leete (1890–1982). He was educated at Eastbourne College and then went on to study medicine at ...

Article

Wilson, Sir Graham Selby (1895–1987), medical bacteriologist, was born on 10 September 1895 in Newcastle upon Tyne, the youngest in the family of two daughters and a son of Ralph Graham Wilson, confectioner, and his wife, Caroline Elizabeth Dalgliesh. He was educated at various schools, including ...