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Adair, Gilbert Smithson (1896–1979), physiologist, was born on 21 September 1896 in Whitehaven, the elder child and only son of Harold Adair, manager of an iron ore mine in Cumberland, and his wife, Anna Mary Jackson, from Garstang. The family later moved to nearby ...

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Baillie, Matthew (1761–1823), morbid anatomist and physician, was born on 27 October 1761 at Shotts manse, Lanarkshire, the second but only surviving son of James Baillie (c.1722–1778) and his wife, Dorothea (c.1721–1806). They had an elder daughter, and also one younger, ...

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Matthew Baillie (1761–1823) by Sir Thomas Lawrence, c. 1806 by permission of the Royal College of Physicians, London

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Banting, Sir Frederick Grant (1891–1941), physician and medical researcher, was born near the town of Alliston, Ontario, Canada, on 14 November 1891, the fourth son and fifth and youngest child of William Thompson Banting (1849–1929), a farmer of Irish descent, and his wife, ...

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Barcroft, Sir Joseph (1872–1947), physiologist, was born on 26 July 1872 at The Glen, Newry, co. Down, Ireland, the second of the five children of Henry Barcroft (d. 1905), linen merchant and inventor, and his wife, Anna Richardson Malcolmson (1840–1924), daughter of ...

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Sir Joseph Barcroft (1872–1947) by Lafayette, 1933 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Barry, Sir David (1780–1835), army surgeon and physiologist, was born on 12 March 1780 in co. Roscommon, Ireland. After showing early talent in classics and mathematics, he eventually decided upon a career in medicine. He was examined for the army in the Royal College of Surgeons...

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Barry, Martin (1802–1855), microscopist and embryologist, was born on 28 March 1802 at Fratton, Hampshire, one of three or more children whose father had a mercantile concern in Nova Scotia, with ships trading along the coast and with the West Indies. Barry received a liberal education and, following his father's death, which left him with independent means, he spent some time with a relative in the ...

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Bayliss, Sir William Maddock (1860–1924), physiologist, was born at Wolverhampton on 2 May 1860, the only son of Moses Bayliss, manufacturer of ironware, and his wife, Jane Maddock. After education at Mowbray House School, Wolverhampton, he had the opportunity of entering his father's business, but his interests lay in the direction of science and medicine. Nevertheless, he maintained a lifelong connection with the family business, of which he was a director....

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Sir Charles Bell (1774–1842) by John Stevens, c. 1821 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bell, Sir Charles (1774–1842), physiologist and surgeon, the youngest of the six children of William Bell (1704–1779), an Episcopal clergyman, and his wife, Margaret Morrice, the daughter of a clergyman, was born in November 1774 at Fountainbridge, at that time a suburb of ...

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Bell, John (1763–1820), surgeon and anatomist, was born on 12 May 1763 in Edinburgh, the second son of the Revd William Bell (1704–1779) and his wife, Margaret Morrice. Despite the impoverishment of the family which was caused by Bell's father's conversion from the ...

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Bennett, John Hughes (1812–1875), physician and physiologist, was born on 31 August 1812 at Exeter, Devon, the only son of John Stokes Bennett (1773–1829), Exeter freeman, actor, and musician, and his wife, Julia Hughes (1783–1854), an actress, daughter of Richard Hughes (d...

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Bowman, Sir William, first baronet (1816–1892), ophthalmic surgeon and anatomist, was born at Sweetbriar Hall, Hospital Street, Nantwich, Cheshire, on 20 July 1816, the third of the four sons (there was one daughter) of John Eddowes Bowman the elder (1785–1841), a banker as well as botanist and fellow of the ...

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Sir William Bowman, first baronet (1816–1892) by George Frederic Watts, 1865 private collection; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

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Brocklehurst, John Charles (1924–2013), geriatrician, was born on 31 May 1924 at 23 Newsham Drive, Liverpool, the son of Harold John Stanley Brocklehurst (1895–1980), electrical engineer and businessman, and his wife, Dorothy, née Harrison (1899–1998), both Baptists, and both from Liverpool. The family moved to ...

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Brodie, Sir Benjamin Collins, first baronet (1783–1862), physiologist and surgeon, was born on 8 June 1783 at Winterslow, Wiltshire, the fourth child and third son of Peter Bellinger Brodie (1742–1804), rector of the parish, and his wife, Sarah (1755–1847), daughter of Benjamin Collins...

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Sir Benjamin Collins Brodie, first baronet (1783–1862) by Maull & Polyblank, late 1850s © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Paul Buissière (d. 1739) by unknown artist © Royal Society

Article

Gordon Goodwin

revised by Michael Bevan

Buissière [Bussière], Paul (d. 1739), surgeon and anatomist, was a native of France, and a protestant who had left his country on account of his religion. Before leaving France he had practised with distinction in the principality of Orange. He settled in the first instance at ...