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Addenbrooke, John (bap. 1681, d. 1719), physician and benefactor, was born at Kingswinford in Staffordshire, and baptized on 13 June 1681 at the parish church in West Bromwich, the only son of Samuel Addenbrooke, vicar of West Bromwich, and Matilda Porry of Wolverhampton...

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Alcindor, John (1873–1924), general practitioner and leader of the African Progress Union, was born on 8 or 9 July 1873 in Port of Spain, Trinidad, the son of Francis Alcindor, cocoa planter. Almost nothing is known of his parents, though there were funds to pay for his schooling and medical studies. The family's African ancestry was suggested by ...

Article

Aldis, Charles James Berridge (1808–1872), physician and public health reformer, and the eldest son of Sir Charles Aldis (1776–1863), surgeon, was born in London on 16 January 1808. He was educated at St Paul's School and matriculated from Trinity College, Cambridge, in 1828; he graduated BA (1831), MB (1832), and MA (1834). ...

Article

Alison, William Pulteney (1790–1859), physician and social reformer, born at Boroughmuirhead near Edinburgh on 12 November 1790, was the son of Archibald Alison (1757–1839), who was in charge of the Episcopal congregation in Edinburgh as well as being a noted author, and his wife, ...

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William Pulteney Alison (1790–1859) by John Henry Robinson, pubd 1849 (after George Richmond, 1847) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Thomas Richard Allinson (1858–1918) by Ray, pubd 1911 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Allinson, Thomas Richard (1858–1918), dietitian and businessman, was born at 43 Rumford Street, Hulme, Lancashire, on 29 March 1858, the son of Thomas Allinson, a bookkeeper, and his wife, Ellen (formerly Sims). He left school at fifteen and, aiming to be a doctor, he subsidized his studies by becoming a chemist's assistant. In 1879 he graduated LRCP (...

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Neil Arnott (1788–1874) by Smyth (after Jabez Hogg) © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Arnott, Neil (1788–1874), physician and public health reformer, the son of William Arnott, a manufacturer and farmer, and his wife, Ann Maclean, was born at Arbroath in Forfarshire, Scotland, on 15 May 1788. A Roman Catholic by upbringing, he was educated by his mother, at the parish school of ...

Article

Robert Harrison

revised by Virginia Smith

Banting, William (1796/7–1878), writer on diet, was a funeral director in St James's Street, London. He may have been the William Banting, son of Thomas Banting and his wife, Ann, who was baptized at St Martin-in-the-Fields, Westminster, in December 1796. On 20 January 1818 he married at ...

Article

Biggs, Noah (fl. 1651), medical practitioner and social reformer, was active in the 1650s, though his identity and background remain obscure. It is possible that he was Henry Biggs, a surgeon employed at the dockyards of Deptford and Woolwich in 1649–53 to work with his father, ...

Article

F. H. Brown

revised by Mark Harrison

Blaney, Thomas (1823–1903), physician and philanthropist, was born at Caherconlish, Pallas Green, co. Limerick, Ireland, on 24 May 1823. Of humble origin, he went out to Bombay with his parents when only three. Ten years later, in 1836, he was apprenticed to the subordinate medical department of the ...

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John Bulwer (bap. 1606, d. 1656) by T. Berry, pubd 1820 (after William Faithorne the elder) © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Bulwer, John (bap. 1606, d. 1656), medical practitioner and writer on deafness and on gesture, was the second and only surviving son of Thomas Bulwer (d. 1649), a London apothecary, and Marie (d. 1638), daughter of George Evanes of St Albans, Hertfordshire...

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Carpenter, Alfred John (1825–1892), physician and propagandist for the cause of sewage farming, the son of John William Carpenter, surgeon, of Rothwell, Northamptonshire, was born at Rothwell on 28 May 1825. He attended Moulton grammar school in Lincolnshire, before becoming a pupil of ...

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Crofton, Sir John Wenman (1912–2009), physician and public health campaigner, was born on 27 March 1912 at 55 Merrion Square, Dublin, the son of William Mervyn Crofton, medical practitioner, and his wife, Mary Josephine, née Abbott. A happy childhood included education at schools in ...

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Ellis, (Henry) Havelock (1859–1939), writer and sexologist, was born on 2 February 1859 at 1 St John's Grove, Croydon, Surrey, the eldest child and only son of Edward Peppern Ellis (1827–1914), a sea captain, and his wife, Susannah Mary (1829–1888), whose father, John Wheatley...

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(Henry) Havelock Ellis (1859–1939) by Emil Otto Hoppé, 1922 by permission of the E. O. Hoppé Trust, Curatorial Assistance, Inc., Los Angeles; collection National Portrait Gallery, London

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Falconbridge, Alexander (c. 1760–1792), doctor and slavery abolitionist, whose family was associated with Bristol, where he grew up, spent twelve months in 1779–80 as a pupil in Bristol Infirmary. Too poor to start his own practice, he became a surgeon on board a slave ship—a potentially lucrative employment since surgeons received, as well as their salary, ...

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Sir George Edward Godber (1908–2009) by Nick Sinclair, 1994 © Nick Sinclair, commissioned by the BMJ