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Article

Adams, Andrew Leith (1827–1882), army surgeon and naturalist, born on 21 March 1827, was the son of Francis Adams (1796–1861), surgeon, and his wife, Elspeth Shaw (d. 1845). Appointed army surgeon in 1848, Adams joined the 22nd (Cheshire) regiment and was posted to ...

Article

J. K. Laughton

revised by Andrew Lambert

Armstrong, Sir Alexander (1818–1899), naval medical officer, descended from a family originally of Cumberland, and from Major-General John Armstrong (1673–1742), was born in Donegal, the son of Alexander Armstrong of Croghan Lodge, co. Fermanagh. He studied medicine at Trinity College, Dublin, and at ...

Article

Atkins, John (bap. 1685, d. 1757), naval surgeon, the son of John and Grace Atkins, was baptized on 26 November 1685 at Plaistow, Essex. He served a professional apprenticeship before commencing a chequered naval career in March 1701 as surgeon's mate of the ...

Article

Atkinson, Edward Leicester (1881–1929), naval medical officer and explorer in Antarctica, was born on 23 November 1881 at Sion Hill, St Vincent, Windward Islands, West Indies, the third of eight children and the second and sole surviving son of Edward Leycester Atkinson, then an accountant at the ...

Article

Babtie, Sir William (1859–1920), army medical officer, was born at 75 West Bridgend, Dumbarton, Scotland, on 7 May 1859, the son of John Babtie, a druggist, and later provost of Dumbarton, and his wife, Janet, eldest daughter of William McLeod, a wood merchant. The civil engineer ...

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Sir George Ballingall (1780–1855) by unknown engraver Wellcome Library, London

Article

Ballingall, Sir George (1780–1855), military surgeon and medical writer, was born on 2 May 1780 at Forglen, Banffshire, the son of the Revd Robert Ballingall, and his wife, a daughter of J. Simson of Edinshead. His education began at the Falkland parish school...

Article

Barry, Sir David (1780–1835), army surgeon and physiologist, was born on 12 March 1780 in co. Roscommon, Ireland. After showing early talent in classics and mathematics, he eventually decided upon a career in medicine. He was examined for the army in the Royal College of Surgeons...

Article

H. M. Chichester

revised by James Falkner

Beatson, George Steward (1814–1874), army medical officer, third son of Duncan Beatson of Campbeltown, Argyllshire, was born at Greenock in May 1814. He graduated in arts and medicine at Glasgow (MD 1836) and became LCS (Edinburgh) in 1836. In 1838 he joined the ...

Article

T. F. Henderson

revised by Andrew Lambert

Beatty, Sir William (d. 1842), naval surgeon, joined the navy at an early age, and saw much service in it in various parts of the world. In 1806 he was appointed physician to the Royal Naval Hospital, Greenwich, an office which he retained until 1840. He attended ...

Article

D'A. Power

revised by James Falkner

Bellew, Henry Walter (1834–1892), army medical officer, born at Nusserabad in India on 30 August 1834, was the son of Captain Henry Walter Bellew of the Bengal army, assistant quartermaster-general attached to the Kabul army in the First Anglo-Afghan War and the disastrous retreat of 1842. He trained at ...

Article

W. E. A. Axon

revised by Andrew Lambert

Bellot, Thomas (1806–1857), naval surgeon and philologist, was born on 16 March 1806 at Manchester, where his father, after whom he was named, was a practising surgeon in Oldham Street. The father, a native of Derbyshire, gave evidence in 1818 to a House of Lords...

Article

H. M. Chichester

revised by Claire E. J. Herrick

Bisset, Charles (1717–1791), physician and military engineer, was born at Glenalbert, near Dunkeld, Perthshire, the son of a lawyer who specialized in Scots law. He studied medicine in Edinburgh and in 1740 was appointed second surgeon of the military hospital, Jamaica. He later served on board ...

Article

H. M. Chichester

revised by John Sweetman

Borland, James (1774–1863), army physician, was born at Ayr, Scotland, in April 1774. He joined the army medical department as a hospital assistant on 20 December 1790, becoming surgeon's mate in the Royal Highland regiment in 1792, and took part in the duke of York's...

Article

H. M. Chichester

revised by Patrick Wallis

Broughton, Samuel Daniel (1787–1837), military surgeon, the fourth and youngest son of Thomas Broughton, rector of St Peter's, Bristol, and his wife, Jane, was born in Bristol in July 1787. Thomas Duer Broughton (1778–1835) was his brother. Samuel was educated at Bristol grammar school...

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William Brydon (1811–1873) by R. & E. Taylor, pubd 1873 (after John Stuart) © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Brydon, William (1811–1873), army surgeon, was born in London on 10 October 1811, the second son and second of the eight children of William Brydon (c.1761–1843), merchant, and his wife, Mary Ann, née Comberbach (1783–1841). On his father's side he was descended from a Scottish border family, one member of which had distinguished himself as provost of ...

Article

Bryson, Alexander (1802–1869), naval surgeon, began his professional studies at Edinburgh and continued them at Glasgow, where he qualified in 1827 and was admitted to the Royal Faculty of Physicians and Surgeons. In the same year he entered the navy as assistant surgeon; he was promoted surgeon in 1836, deputy inspector-general in 1854, and inspector-general in 1855. In January 1864, on the retirement of ...

Article

G. T. Bettany

revised by Claire E. J. Herrick

Burnett, Sir William (1779–1861), naval physician, was born on 16 January 1779 at Montrose. He was educated at Montrose grammar school, and was apprenticed to a local surgeon, Dr Hunter. He then went to Edinburgh to pursue his medical studies but, soon after, entered the ...

Article

B. B. Woodward

revised by Yolanda Foote

Busk, George (1807–1886), surgeon and naturalist, was born on 12 August 1807 at St Petersburg, the second son of Robert Busk (1768–1835), merchant of St Petersburg, and his wife, Jane, daughter of John Westly, a customs house clerk at St Petersburg. Sir Wadsworth Busk (1730–1811)...