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Cow, Peter Brusey (1815–1890), rubber manufacturer, was born at Deptford on 25 September 1815, the younger son of John Cow, a master boat builder at Woolwich Dockyard. In 1830, at the age of fifteen, he was apprenticed to Charles Gower Collins, a linen draper of ...

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Cowan, Charles (1801–1889), paper manufacturer and politician, born on 7 June 1801 at 12 or 14 Charlotte Street, Edinburgh (as he said in his Reminiscences), was the eldest of the eleven children of Alexander Cowan (d. 1859), owner of paper mills at ...

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Sir John Cowan, baronet (1814–1900) by unknown engraver, pubd 1894 (after Thomas Fall) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Cowan, Sir John, baronet (1814–1900), paper manufacturer and political organizer, was born at 5 St John's Street, Edinburgh, on 7 May 1814, one of the eight children to reach maturity of Alexander Cowan (d. 1859), also a paper manufacturer, of Edinburgh and ...

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Cropper, James (1823–1900), paper manufacturer and politician, was born on 22 February 1823 in Duke Street, Liverpool, the eldest of the three surviving sons and six daughters of John Cropper (1797–1874), merchant of Liverpool, and his wife, Anne (1797–1876), daughter of John and ...

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Dickinson, John (1782–1869), paper manufacturer and inventor, was born on 29 March 1782 probably in London, the eldest of nine children of Captain Thomas Dickinson RN (1754–1828) and his wife, Frances de Brissac (1760–1854). John Dickinson's father was superintendent of transports in the ...

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Evans, Sir John (1823–1908), archaeologist, numismatist, and paper manufacturer, was born on 17 November 1823 at Britwell Court, Burnham, Buckinghamshire, the second son of the Revd Arthur Benoni Evans (1781–1854), schoolmaster, cleric, and author, and his wife, Anne (1791–1883), daughter of Captain Thomas Dickinson RN (1754–1828)...

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Sir John Evans (1823–1908) by John H. Pinches, 1887 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Gallaher, Thomas (1840–1927), tobacco manufacturer, was born on 27 April 1840 in the townland of Templemoyle, near Eglinton, co. Londonderry, the fourth of the ten children of Thomas Gallaher (d. 1855), corn miller, and his wife, Martha. Both his parents were Irish. The younger ...

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Gillespie, James, of Spylaw (1726–1797), tobacconist and benefactor, was born in 1726, probably at Roslin, near Edinburgh. He had one sister and a younger brother. His family were members of the Cameronians, or reformed Presbyterians, a strict nonconformist sect. Gillespie began his career as a tobacconist and, in partnership with his brother, ...

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Grueber, Francis (1658?–1730), gunpowder and leather manufacturer and merchant, was born in Lyons, France, probably in December 1658, the eldest of the three sons and three daughters of Daniel Grueber (d. 1692) and his wife, Susanne (née Monginot). The Huguenot family arrived in ...

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Hamilton, Gavin (1704–1767), bookseller and paper maker, was born on 11 February 1704 at Cramond, near Edinburgh, the third son and one of the sixteen children of the Revd William Hamilton (1669–1732) and Mary (bap. 1676, d. 1760), daughter of John Robertson...

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Hitchcock, Sir Eldred Frederick (1887–1959), businessman, was born on 9 December 1887 in Islington, London, the eldest, with his twin sister, Effie, of the seven children of Eldred Hitchcock, superintendent of Dr Barnardo's Home, Epsom, and his wife, Louisa Naomi Orchard. He was educated at ...

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Sir Eldred Frederick Hitchcock (1887–1959) by Harold Knight, exh. RA 1950 © reserved; unknown collection

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Murford, Nicholas (d. 1641), salt maker, whose origins are unknown, is thought to have been a rope maker of Aldeburgh before moving to Great Yarmouth, where in 1626 he petitioned for land to erect a ropery. His first application was turned down but permission was granted in May 1628. He prospered in this trade and in February the following year was admitted a free burgess of the port. A later petition for an eight-year lease, to extend his premises, was rejected although he was allowed to remain on the site....

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Oppenheim, Sir Duncan Morris (1904–2003), industrialist, was born at Highfield, St Helens, Lancashire, on 6 August 1904, the second of three sons of Watkin Oppenheim, solicitor, and his wife, Helen, née McKechnie, a strict Presbyterian who passed on to him a spartan way of life. On his father's side his family were protestants from ...

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Owen, Sir Hugo von Reitzenstein Cunliffe-, first baronet (1870–1947), tobacco industrialist, was born at Kensington on 16 August 1870, the fourth and youngest son of Sir Francis Philip Cunliffe-Owen (1828–1894), of Lowestoft, sometime secretary of the Colonial Institute and director of the Victoria and Albert Museum...

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Pirie, Alexander George (1836–1904), paper manufacturer, was born at Waterton House, Newhills, Aberdeenshire, the son of Francis Pirie (1809–1870), paper manufacturer, and his first wife, Euphemia, daughter of George Hogarth, merchant, of Aberdeen.

Pirie was educated at Rugby School and Cambridge University...

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Player, John (1839–1884), tobacco manufacturer, was born at Saffron Walden, Essex, on 11 July 1839, the son of John Dane Player (1800–1850), and his wife, Sophia, née Clare. His father, who died young, was a solicitor, and his mother was a schoolmistress. John...

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