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Andrews, Thomas (1847–1907), metallurgist and ironmaster, was born at 19 Carver Street, Sheffield, on 16 February 1847, the only son of Thomas Andrews and his wife, Mary Bolsover. Thomas Andrews senior was a partner in the Wortley ironworks and the Wortley Silkstone colliery...

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Galloway, John (1804–1894), iron-founder and engineer, was born on 14 February 1804 at his father's house, 37 Lombard Street, Manchester, the second son of William Galloway (1768–1836) and his wife, Elizabeth. His father had moved to Manchester in 1790 from Coldstream, his birthplace, and by the time ...

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Handyside, Andrew (1805–1887), iron founder and engineer, was born on 25 July 1805 in Edinburgh, the son of Hugh Handyside, ironmonger, and Margaret Baird. As a young man he followed the example of his brother William Handyside (1793–1850) by going to work with his uncle ...

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John Hughes (c. 1816–1889) by unknown photographer © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Hughes, John (c. 1816–1889), ironmaster and engineer, was born at Merthyr Tudful, Glamorgan, the son of John Hughes, engineer. Although his family origins are obscure, his father was employed at the Cyfarthfa ironworks in Merthyr Tudful and, later, at the Victoria works in ...

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Mushet, David (1772–1847), ironmaster and metallurgist, was born on 2 October 1772 at Dalkeith, near Edinburgh, the eldest son of William Mushet, foundry owner, and his wife, Margaret Cochrane. He had two younger sisters and five brothers, including William and George who together eventually ran the family foundry, and ...

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Neilson, James Beaumont (1792–1865), engineer and inventor of the hot blast in iron manufacture, was born on 22 June 1792 at Shettleston, then a village near Glasgow, the son of Walter Neilson, a millwright, and Barbara née Smith. His father subsequently became an engine-wright at ...

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Outram, Benjamin (bap. 1764, d. 1805), civil engineer and ironmaster, was born at Alfreton, Derbyshire, where he was baptized on 1 April 1764, the eldest son of Joseph Outram (1732–1811), a local freeholder, and his second wife, Elizabeth. His father practised as a land agent and served as a turnpike trustee and enclosure commissioner; the tradition that he also had an ironworks at ...

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Reynolds, William (1758–1803), ironmaster and scientist, was born at Ketley, Shropshire, on 14 April 1758, the elder of the two children of Richard Reynolds (1735–1816), ironmaster of Coalbrookdale and Bristol, and his first wife, Hannah (1735–1762), daughter of Abraham Darby (1711–1763). His sister, ...

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William Reynolds (1758–1803) by Wilson, 1796 © Ironbridge Gorge Museum Trust

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Samuelson, Sir Bernhard, first baronet (1820–1905), ironmaster and promoter of technical education, was the eldest of the six sons of Samuel Henry Samuelson (1789–1863), merchant, and his wife, Sarah Hertz (d. 1875). He was born at Hamburg on 22 November 1820 during a visit of his mother to the city. In his infancy his father settled at ...

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Edward Diestelkamp

revised by Mike Chrimes

Turner, Richard (c. 1798–1881), iron manufacturer and engineer, was the third son of Timothy Turner (d. 1822) and his wife, Catherine Sisson. The Turners had long been associated with the ironmongery trade in Dublin. His great-grandfather was 'iron smith' to the Irish ...