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Adamson, Sir (William Owen) Campbell (1922–2000), industrialist, was born on 26 June 1922 at 17 Hamilton Drive, Glasgow, the only son of John Adamson, chartered accountant, who became senior partner of Arthur Young (later Ernst and Young), a leading accountancy firm, and his wife, ...

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Akroyd, Edward (1810–1887), industrialist and philanthropist, was born on 28 November 1810 at Brockholes, near Brookhouse, Ovenden, Halifax, the eldest of the ten children of Jonathan Akroyd (1782–1847) and his wife, Sarah, daughter of David Wright of Ovenden. Educated locally by an Anglican clergyman and at the ...

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Daniel Albone (1860–1906) by unknown photographer, c.1902 © Biggleswade History Society

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Albone, Daniel [Dan] (1860–1906), cycle and motor tractor manufacturer, was born at the Ongley Arms inn, Shortmead Street, Biggleswade, Bedfordshire, on 12 September 1860, the fourth son and youngest of eight children of Edward Albone (d. 1864), publican and market gardener, and his wife, ...

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Andrews, William (1835–1914), industrial designer, entrepreneur, and politician, was born in Coventry on 17 March 1835, the only son of three children of James and Isabella Andrews. His father was a Scot, a former regular soldier, and small businessman of Coventry. Andrews attended ...

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William George Armstrong, Baron Armstrong (1810–1900) by W. & D. Downey, pubd 1890 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Armstrong, William George, Baron Armstrong (1810–1900), armaments manufacturer and industrialist, was born on 26 November 1810 at 9 Pleasant Row, Shieldfield, Newcastle upon Tyne, the second child and only son of William Armstrong (1778–1857), corn merchant and local politician, of Tyneside...

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Arnott, Sir John, first baronet (1814–1898), industrialist, was born on 26 July 1814 at Auchtermuchty, Fife, the son of John Arnott (d. 1878) JP, of Greenfield, Auchtermuchty, and his first wife, Elizabeth Paton. He was educated at Auchtermuchty School, and was apprenticed to a draper, ...

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Bailey, Sir George Edwin (1879–1965), electrical engineer and industrialist, was born in Loughborough on 19 October 1879, the tenth child of Thomas W. Bailey, master tailor, and his second wife, Ann Wilmot. He was educated at Loughborough grammar school, and entered the works of the ...

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Alfred Baldwin (1841–1908) by Sir Benjamin Stone, 1897 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Baldwin, Alfred (1841–1908), industrialist and politician, was born at Stourport, Worcestershire, on 4 June 1841, the youngest of twelve children of George Pearce Baldwin (1789–1840), a small-scale iron founder and businessman, and his second wife, Sarah Chalkley Stanley (1801–1874), the eldest daughter of the ...

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Balfour, Arthur, first Baron Riverdale (1873–1957), steel maker and industrialist, was, by his own account, born in London on 9 January 1873. For some years his parentage was a mystery. He went to Sheffield in 1882 as an ‘orphan’ with Mary Fraser (1847–1906)...

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Arthur Balfour, first Baron Riverdale (1873–1957) by Harold Knight, 1936 © reserved; collection National Portrait Gallery, London

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See Balfour, Arthur, first Baron Riverdale

Article

Beale, Sir Samuel Richard (1881–1964), engineer and industrialist, was born in Birmingham on 7 February 1881, one of two sons of James Samuel Beale (1840–1912) [see under Beale family], solicitor and company director, and his wife, Margaret Field. He was educated at ...

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Bennett, Peter Frederick Blaker, Baron Bennett (1880–1957), industrialist, was born on 16 April 1880 at Dartford, Kent, the eldest son of Frederick Charles Bennett, a carpenter, and his wife, Annie Eliza Blaker. When Bennett was twelve the family moved to Birmingham, where he was educated at ...

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W. P. Courtney

revised by A. S. G. Edwards

Botfield, Beriah (1807–1863), antiquary and industrialist, was born at Earl's Ditton, Shropshire, on 5 March 1807, the eldest son of Beriah Botfield (1768–1813) of Norton Hall, Northamptonshire, and Charlotte, daughter of William Withering MD. Botfield was educated first at Harrow School, where he subsequently established a medal for the encouragement of foreign languages, and then privately. He matriculated at ...

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Boulton, Matthew (1728–1809), manufacturer and entrepreneur, was born on 14 September 1728 at New Hall Walk, Snow Hill, Birmingham, one of four children, three of whom survived to adulthood, of Matthew Boulton (d. 1759), toy manufacturer and merchant, and his wife, Christiana Piers (...

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Browne, Isaac Hawkins (1745–1818), politician and industrialist, the only son of Isaac Hawkins Browne (1706–1760), poet and MP, and Jane Trimnell (d. c.1779), daughter and coheir of David Trimnell, archdeacon of Leicester, was born on 7 December 1745 and baptized on 16 December at ...

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Cable, Ernest, Baron Cable (1859–1927), financier and industrialist, was born in Calcutta, India, on 1 December 1859, the only son of George Herbert Cable (1823–1876), a superintendent in the Indian customs and excise service, and his wife, Emily Maria née Pickersgill. He was considered too delicate to send to ...