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Appold, John George (1800–1865), fur dyer and engineer, was born on 14 April 1800 at 23 Wilson Street, Finsbury Square, London, the third of seven children of Christian Appold, (1758/9–1834), fur dyer, and his first wife Hannah née Titford (1771/2–1810...

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Beveridge, Erskine (1851–1920), textile manufacturer and antiquary, was born on 27 December 1851 at Priory House, Dunfermline, Fife, the eldest of the four children of Erskine Beveridge (1803–1864) and his second wife, Maria Elizabeth Wilson (1816–1873). He was educated at the Free Abbey School, Dunfermline...

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Coats, Thomas (1809–1883), thread manufacturer and benefactor, was born at Ferguslie, Paisley, Renfrewshire, on 18 October 1809, the fourth of at least six sons of James Coats (1774–1857), one of the founders of the Paisley thread industry, and Catherine Mitchell (d. 1857)...

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Thomas Coats (1809–1883) by Sir Daniel Macnee, 1881 Paisley Museum and Art Galleries, Renfrewshire Council

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Crane, Sir Francis (c. 1579–1636), courtier and tapestry manufacturer, is first recorded in 1606. His name does not appear in registers of admissions to Oxford, Cambridge, or the inns of court until 1619, when he was admitted to Gray's Inn. A memorial tablet in the church at ...

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Crompton, Samuel (1753–1827), inventor of the spinning mule, was born at Firwood Fold, Tonge, near Bolton, Lancashire, on 3 December 1753, the eldest son of George Crompton (1726–1758) and Elizabeth Holt (1725–1799) of nearby Turton. Firwood Farm had been held by Cromptons since Tudor times; ...

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Samuel Crompton (1753–1827) by Samuel William Reynolds senior, pubd 1828 (after Charles Allingham) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Duncan, John (1794–1881), hand-loom weaver and botanist, was born on 19 December 1794 at Stonehaven, Kincardineshire, the illegitimate son of John Duncan, weaver and soldier, from Drumlithie, and Ann Caird (c.1773–c.1830), also of Drumlithie, who decided to support herself and her child by weaving stockings and harvesting at nearby ...

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John Duncan (1794–1881) by unknown engraver, c. 1865–6 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Hargreaves, James (bap. 1721, d. 1778), inventor of the spinning jenny, was born in Oswaldtwistle, Lancashire, and baptized at Church Kirk on 8 January 1721. His exact birthplace is unknown, and apart from the fact that he became a hand-loom weaver, little has been discovered of his early life. His parents had one other child, ...

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Hill, Samuel (bap. 1678, d. 1759), textile manufacturer, was born in Soyland in the West Riding of Yorkshire and baptized on 7 September 1678 in the parish of Elland, Yorkshire, the son of James and Deborah (1657–1741) Hill of Soyland. His early life and education remain obscure though his later financial accounts and commercial correspondence demonstrate his proficiency in bookkeeping, set down in a distinctive, florid script, with long quill strokes and decorative capitals. In 1706 he purchased a remote seventeenth-century farmstead at ...

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Holland, William Henry, first Baron Rotherham (1849–1927), textile manufacturer and politician, was born on 15 December 1849, at 68 Slater Street, Manchester, the younger of the two sons of William Holland (1823–1892), a warehouseman's son, and his wife, Ellen, daughter of Samuel Robinson...

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John Kay (1704–178081) by unknown engraver Science & Society Picture Library

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Kay, John (1704–1780/81), inventor of textile manufacturing machinery, was born at Park Farm in the township of Walmersley in the parish of Bury, Lancashire, on 16 July 1704, the fifth son of Robert Kay (1651–1704) and his wife, Ellen, née Entwistle, of Quarlton...

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See Kay, John

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Kem, Joseph [Teddy] (bap. 1700, d. 1780), miser and farmer-weaver, was baptized on 14 May 1700 at Wolvey, Warwickshire, the younger son of Joseph Kem (c.1680–c.1730), butcher, and his wife, Frances (c.1680–1731). He was the great-great-grandson of ...

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Kennedy, John (1769–1855), textile manufacturer, was born on 4 July 1769 at Knocknalling, Kirkcudbrightshire, a small farm 6 miles from New Galloway which had belonged to the family for over three centuries. John's father inherited the estate from his own father; his mother came from ...

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Kennedy [known as Douglas], Scipio [Sipio] (1693x7–1774), freed slave and weaver, was born in Guinea, on the west African coast, from where he was taken by slave ship to Jamaica about 1702. Details of his family are unknown. On his arrival in ...

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Latham, Richard (1699–1767), smallholder and textile producer, was born in Scarisbrick, Lancashire, the fourth son of Thomas Latham (d. 1723), smallholder, and his wife. On 25 August 1723 Latham married Ann Barton; between 1726 and 1741 they had one son and seven daughters, one of whom died in childhood. In the same year ...

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Lee, Lennox Bertram (1864–1949), textile industrialist, was born on 7 November 1864 at 2 Camp Place, Camp Street, Broughton, Salford, the eldest son of the eight children of Sir Joseph Cocksey Lee (1832–1894), cotton spinner and merchant, and his wife, Henrietta Burleigh (...