Devon, James (1866–1939), prison medical officer and criminologist, was born on 25 October 1866 at 18 James Street, Calton, Glasgow, the son of John Devon, a journeyman iron-moulder, and his wife, Margaret, née Arthur. His family was poor working class—his mother signed his birth certificate with a cross—and he left school aged eleven. ...
Fitzpatrick, Sir Jeremiah (c. 1740–1810), physician and campaigner for prison reform, was born in Kilbeggan, co. Westmeath. His background and early years are shrouded in obscurity, but circumstantial evidence points to the conclusion that his parents, of whom nothing is known, were Catholic and that they were comfortably off. He received a medical education abroad and though his graduating institution has not been identified ...
Maker: William Barnard
Redfern, William (1774/5
revised by Michael Bevan
Reid, Thomas (1791–1825), naval surgeon and prison reformer, was born of protestant parents and educated near Dungannon, co. Tyrone. He passed his examination at the Royal College of Surgeons on 7 May 1813, when he was found qualified to act as 'surgeon to any rate'. He was admitted on 3 November 1815 a member of the ...