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Barnewall, Robert, styled twelfth Baron Trimleston (c. 1704–1779), landowner and Roman Catholic activist, was the eldest son of John Barnewall, styled eleventh Baron Trimleston (1672–1746), and his wife, Mary, or Margaret (d. 1771), daughter and heir of Sir John Barnewall. Descended from an Anglo-Norman family whose estates in the counties of ...

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Bertie, Richard (1517–1582), landowner and religious evangelical, was the eldest son of Thomas Bertie (d. 1555), of Bearsted, Kent, and his wife, a member of the Say family of Shropshire. In February 1534 he was admitted to Corpus Christi College, Oxford, aged sixteen. Having graduated BA in 1537, he became a probationary fellow of ...

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Browne, Thomas, fourth Viscount Kenmare (1726–1795), landowner and politician, was born in April 1726, probably at Killarney, co. Kerry, the second of four children of Valentine Browne, third Viscount Kenmare (1695–1736), landowner, and his first wife, Honoria Butler (d. 1730), daughter of ...

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Carleton, George (1529–1590), landowner and puritan, was the second son of John Carleton of Walton-on-Thames, Surrey, and Brightwell Baldwin, Oxfordshire, and his wife, Joyce, daughter of John Welbeck of Oxenheath, Kent. His maternal grandmother was Margaret Culpepper, an aunt of Queen Katherine Howard...

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Copley, Thomas (1532–1584), landowner and Roman Catholic exile, was born between February and May 1532, eldest son of Sir Roger Copley (d. 1549), landowner and member of the Mercers' Company, and his second wife, Elizabeth (d. 1559/60), daughter of Sir William Shelley...

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Erskine, John, of Dun (1509–1590), landowner and religious activist, was born in the House of Dun, between Montrose and Brechin, the elder son of John Erskine of Dun (d. 1513), and of Margaret Ruthven (d. 1548), widow of Alexander Stewart, first earl of Buchan...

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Edwin Cannan

revised by Adam Jacob Levin

Fothergill, Anthony (1685/6–1761), landowner and theological writer, was baptized on 9 December 1686 at Ravenstone, Westmorland, the youngest son of Thomas Fothergill of Brownber, Ravenstonedale, farmer. Like his forefathers and descendants for many generations, he owned the estate of Brownber and lived and died there. Though he is said to have had no 'liberal education', he published several theological works, the largest of which is entitled ...

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Gordon, William, of Earlston (1614–1679), landowner and covenanter, born in Dalry, Kirkcudbrightshire, was the second son of Alexander Gordon of Earlston (1587–1654), justice of the peace, and Elizabeth (d. in or after 1653), daughter of John Gordon of Pennynghame. Little is known regarding his education, though he is said to have studied for the ministry and to have graduated MA. On 26 October 1648 he married ...

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Luttrell, Sir Geoffrey (1276–1345), landowner and patron of the Luttrell psalter, lord of Irnham, Lincolnshire, was the son of Sir Robert Luttrell of Irnham (c.1255–1297) and his wife, Joan. Her parentage is unknown; she was still living in June 1320. Luttrell...

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Sir Geoffrey Luttrell (1276–1345) drawing [with his wife, Agnes Sutton, and his daughter-in-law, Beatrice Scrope] The British Library

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Tracy, William (d. 1530), landowner and religious radical, was the son of Sir Henry Tracy (d. c.1506) of Toddington, Gloucestershire, and Alice Baldington, daughter and coheir of Thomas Baldington of Oxfordshire. He was married to Margaret or Margery Throckmorton, daughter of ...

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Tresham, Sir Thomas (c. 1500–1559), landowner and prior of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem in England, was the only son of John Tresham (d. 1521) of Rushton Hall, Northamptonshire. Following the death of Thomas's mother, his father married Isabel (...

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Wishart, Sir John, of Pittarow (d. 1585), landowner and religious activist, was the eldest son of James Wishart of Cairnbeg and succeeded his uncle, John Wishart, in the lands and barony of Pittarow, Kincardineshire, about 1525. In the mid-1530s he belonged to the connection of ...