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Baily, John Walker (1809–1873), collector of antiquities, was born on 9 January 1809 in Kent Road, London, the second son of William Baily, an ironmonger, of 71 Gracechurch Street, London, and his wife Susanna. He was educated at an academy in Walcot Place Road, Lambeth...

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Bargrave, John (bap. 1610, d. 1680), Church of England clergyman and collector of curiosities, was baptized at Nonington, Kent, on 18 November 1610. His father, also named John, was the elder brother of Isaac Bargrave and had increased the family fortune derived from tanneries in ...

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Bate, Philip Argall Turner (1909–1999), musicologist and collector of musical instruments, was born in Glasgow on 26 March 1909, the only child of English parents, Percy Herbert Bate (1868–1913), secretary to the Glasgow Museum of Arts, and Mary Turner (1872–1963). His father became curator of the ...

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William Beard (1772–1868) by Samuel Griffiths Tovey, c. 1828–9 © Fitzwilliam Museum, University of Cambridge

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Beard, William (1772–1868), tourist guide and collector of bones, was born on 24 April 1772 at Woolvershill, Banwell, Somerset, the eldest of the eight children of John Beard (1738–1801), a farmer, and his second wife, Ann Poole (1760–1833). He was educated by John Tuckey...

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Beaumont, John (c. 1640–1731), natural philosopher and collector of geological specimens, spent most of his life at Ston Easton, Somerset, where he practised medicine. He befriended the miners working in the nearby Mendip hills, with whom he explored newly discovered caverns and rock formations. Stimulated by ...

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Bellamy, Frank Arthur (1863–1936), astronomer and philatelist, was born on 17 October 1863 at St John's Street, Oxford, the youngest of the six children of Montague Bellamy (1830–1882), a college butler and master bookbinder in St Giles', Oxford, and his wife, Zilpah, née...

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Brown, John (1780x85–1859), geologist and fossil collector, was born at Braintree, Essex. He was apprenticed to a stonemason in Braintree before moving to Colchester as a master mason about 1805. He married first Jane Byford and in 1820, after her death, Elizabeth Eagle...

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Douce, Francis (1757–1834), antiquary and collector, was born on 13 July 1757 in London, the fourth and last child of Francis Douce (d. 1799), attorney, of the six clerks' office, and his wife, Ellen Tapley (d. 1799). His relationship with his father was not affectionate: 'my grandfather was a domestic despot, and tyrannized over my father, who thought proper to retaliate upon me' (...

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Francis Douce (1757–1834) by James Barry, 1803 © Bodleian Library, University of Oxford

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Elderton, John (1755–1832), antiquary and collector of documents, was born in Salisbury, Wiltshire, son of Joseph Elderton (d. 1796), alderman and justice of the peace in Salisbury and register to the bishop of the diocese. A James Elderton, probably of the same family, was admitted 'an Extra-Licentiate of the ...

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Franks, Sir (Augustus) Wollaston (1826–1897), collector and museum keeper, was born at Geneva on 20 March 1826, the eldest of six children (two sons and four daughters) of Frederick Franks (1793/4–1844), naval officer, and his second wife, Frederica Anne (d. 1864), daughter of ...

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Sir (Augustus) Wollaston Franks (1826–1897) by Charles J. Praetorius, c. 1898 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Gulston, Joseph (1744/5–1786), book and art collector and connoisseur, was the eldest son of Joseph Gulston (1693/4–1766), a successful loan contractor with mercantile interests in Lisbon, and his wife, Mericas Sylva (1714/15–1799), the daughter of a Portuguese merchant. His father became MP in turn for ...

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See Hailstone, Samuel

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Hume, Sir Abraham, second baronet (1749–1838), collector of art and precious stones, was born at Hill Street, Berkeley Square, London, on 20 February 1749, the son of Sir Abraham Hume, first baronet (d. 1772), and his wife, Hannah, sixth and youngest daughter of ...

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Jennings [later Nowell], Henry Constantine (1731–1819), collector, the son of Henry Jennings (bap. 1700, d. 1739) and his wife, Susannah Kent (1723–1791), was baptized on 15 August 1731 at Shiplake, Oxfordshire, where his father owned the estate. After graduation from Westminster School...

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Johnson, John de Monins (1882–1956), printer, ephemerist, and classical scholar, was born on 17 May 1882 at Kirmington, Lincolnshire, the second son and third child of the vicar, the Revd John Henry Johnson (1841–1938), and his wife, Anna Braithwaite, née Savory (1846–1928). He was educated at ...

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John de Monins Johnson (1882–1956) by Hubert Andrew Freeth, 1956 © Bodleian Library, University of Oxford

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Johnson, Richard (1753–1807), East India Company servant and collector of oriental art and manuscripts, was born on 16 November 1753, the third son of Alexander Johnson MD (bap. 1716, d. 1799), lawyer, and of his wife, Mary Pellins (b. 1720, d. in or after 1800)...