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Armstrong, Wallace Edwin (1896–1980), anthropologist and economist, was born on 24 February 1896 at 2 Deerbrook Road, Norwood, London, the second of three sons of William Wallace Armstrong, a civil servant with the Local Government Board, and his wife, Alice Imeson of Herne Hill, London...

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Beattie, John Hugh Marshall (1915–1990), social anthropologist, was born on 8 May 1915 at 14 Harthill Avenue, Allerton, Liverpool, the only son and first of the two children of John Crawford Beattie (d. 1916), a civil servant and surveyor of taxes, and ...

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Breeks, James Wilkinson (1830–1872), administrator in India and anthropologist, was born at Warcop, near Brough, Westmorland, on 5 March 1830, the son of Richard and Elizabeth Breeks. He was educated at Blackheath proprietary school, and in 1847, on the recommendation of his uncle, ...

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Brown, Alfred Reginald Radcliffe- (1881–1955), social anthropologist, was born Alfred Reginald Brown on 17 January 1881 at 39 Farm Road, Aston, Warwickshire, the second son and last of three children of Alfred Brown (1834–1886), manufacturer's clerk, and his second wife, Hannah (c...

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Buck, Sir Peter Henry [called Te Rangi Hiroa] (1877?–1951), anthropologist and physician, was born in Urenui, Taranaki province, New Zealand. There is uncertainty over his birth date since it was not registered. Buck believed that he was born in 1880, but October 1877, the date recorded in his primary school register, is probably more accurate. His father, ...

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Campbell, Sir James Macnabb (1846–1903), administrator in India and ethnologist, born at Partick, Lanarkshire, on 4 October 1846, was the son of John McLeod Campbell (1800–1872), Church of Scotland minister and theologian, and his wife, Mary Campbell. His brother Donald (d. 1909)...

Article

W. J. Harrison

revised by A. Bowdoin Van Riper

Christy, Henry (1810–1865), anthropologist, was born on 26 July 1810 at Woodbines, Kingston upon Thames, Surrey, the second son of William Miller Christy, banker and inventor of the penny receipt stamp. Trained from boyhood to follow his father into business, he became a partner in the house of ...

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Edward Clodd (1840–1930) by Emil Otto Hoppé, c. 1909 by permission of the E. O. Hoppé Trust, Curatorial Assistance, Inc., Los Angeles; collection National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

E. S. P. Haynes

revised by J. F. M. Clark

Clodd, Edward (1840–1930), banker and popular anthropologist, was born at Queen Street, Margate, Kent, on 1 July 1840, the eldest child of Edward Clodd and his wife, Susan Parker. Of his six brothers and sisters four died in infancy and two did not survive childhood. His father was a ...

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Dawson, George Mercer (1849–1901), geologist and anthropologist, was born in Pictou, Nova Scotia, on 1 August 1849, the son of Sir John William Dawson (1820–1899), geologist, and Margaret Ann Young Mercer (b. 1829/30). His father became principal of McGill College in 1855, and the young ...

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Dover, Cedric Cyril (1904–1961), entomologist, anthropologist, and poet, was born on 11 April 1904 in Calcutta to Eurasian parents, Percy and Sophy Dover. He was a descendant of Colonel James Skinner, the founder of what became Skinner's Horse, himself born to a Scottish father and a ...

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(Harry) Verrier Holman Elwin (1902–1964) by unknown photographer, 1926 by kind permission of Wycliffe Hall, Oxford

Article

Elwin, (Harry) Verrier Holman (1902–1964), missionary and anthropologist, was born on 29 August 1902 at Pemole House, Castle Avenue, Dover, the eldest of the three children of Edmund Henry Elwin (1871–1909), bishop of Sierra Leone, and Minnie Ornsby, daughter of William Laban Holman...

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Fagg, William [Bill] Buller (1914–1992), ethnologist and art historian, was born on 28 April 1914 at 24 St Aubyn's Road, Upper Norwood, London, the elder son and first of two children of William Percy Fagg (d. 1939), antiquarian bookseller, and his wife, ...

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Firth, Sir Raymond William (1901–2002), anthropologist, was born on 25 March 1901 in Remuera, Auckland, New Zealand, the elder son and eldest of three children of Wesley Hugh Bourne Firth (1872/3–1977), a builder, and his wife, Marie Elizabeth Jane, née Cartmill. His sister died in infancy....

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Sir Raymond William Firth (1901–2002) by Walter Bird, 1966 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

E. F. im Thurn

revised by H. C. G. Matthew

Fison, Lorimer (1832–1907), missionary and anthropologist, was born on 9 November 1832, the fourteenth son of Thomas Fison (1790–1846), miller and maltster, and Mary Matthew, daughter of John Gostling of Cotton [see Fison family]. After education at Sheffield he matriculated as a pensioner from ...

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Frazer, Sir James George (1854–1941), social anthropologist and classical scholar, was born in Blythswood Square, Glasgow, on 1 January 1854, the eldest of the four children of Daniel F. Frazer (1821–1900), leading partner in the long-established firm of chemists Frazer and Green, and his wife, ...

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Sir James George Frazer (1854–1941) by Lafayette, 1926 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Grimble, Sir Arthur Francis (1888–1956), colonial governor and ethnographer, was born in Hong Kong on 11 June 1888, the son of Frank Grimble, a partner in the Admiralty contractors Caird and Rayner, and his wife, Blanche Ann Arthur. He was educated at Chigwell School, Essex...