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Abingdon, Alexander (fl. 1291–1316), sculptor, also known as ‘Imaginator’ or ‘le Imagineur’, is of unknown origins, though it has been conjectured that he trained in the masons' yard of Abingdon Abbey. He was a citizen of London at least from 1305, when his name appears in city records, but he was working in ...

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S. E. Fryer

revised by Anne MacPhee

Acton, John Adams- (1830–1910), sculptor, was born on 11 December 1830 at Acton Hill, Middlesex, one of the two surviving sons and three daughters of William Adams, an artist, and his wife, Helen Elizabeth Humphreys. His sister Clarissa was also an artist, and exhibited at the ...

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John Adams- Acton (1830–1910) by Samuel Alexander Walker, pubd 1893 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Adams, Robert (1917–1984), sculptor and designer, was born on 5 October 1917 at Far Cotton, Northamptonshire, the youngest of the three children of Arthur and Emily Adams. From about 1930 to 1951 he lived in Hardingstone, near Northampton. He left school at the age of fourteen and did manual work but probably between 1937 and 1946 attended evening classes, part-time, in life drawing and painting at the ...

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See Alken family

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Bacon, John (1740–1799), sculptor, was born on 24 November 1740 in Southwark, London, the son of Thomas Bacon, a clothworker. He was descended from an old family living in Wincanton in Somerset. In 1755 he was apprenticed to Nicholas Crispe, the owner of a porcelain factory in ...

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Baily, Edward Hodges (1788–1867), sculptor and designer and modeller of silver, was born on 10 March 1788 at Bristol, the son of William Baily, a ship's carver, and his wife, Martha. After leaving school at the age of fourteen Baily was placed in a merchant's counting house where he remained for two years. He formed an acquaintance with a local artist called ...

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Banks, Thomas (1735–1805), sculptor, was born on 22 December 1735 in Kennington, south London, and baptized in St Mary, Lambeth, on 18 January 1736, the eldest of the three sons of William Banks, later landscape gardener, land steward, and surveyor to the fourth duke of Beaufort...

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Bates, Harry (1850–1899), sculptor, was born in Stevenage, Hertfordshire, on 26 April 1850, the fifth of eight children of Joseph and Anne Bates. After brief training as an architect's clerk, he served as an apprentice (c.1866) and then as an employee (1869–79) of ...

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Bayes, Gilbert (1872–1953), sculptor, was born on 4 April 1872 at 6 Oval Road, Gloucester Road, St John's Wood, London, the third of four children of Alfred Walter Bayes (1832–1909), a painter and etcher, and his wife, Emily Ann (née Fielden; fl...

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Behnes, William (1791x7–1864), sculptor, was born in London, the eldest of the three sons of a piano maker, of Hanover, Germany, and his English wife. He may have been the ‘William Bennes’ who was born in Portman Square, Middlesex, on 13 December 1791 and baptized at ...

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Beverley, Robert of (d. 1285), master mason and sculptor, is first recorded in 1253, when he received £1 12s. for carving four vault-bosses for Westminster Abbey. In 1259 he was paid 3s. per week while working at Westminster Palace under Master John of Gloucester...

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Bird, Francis (1667–1731), sculptor, was born in the parish of St Martin-in-the-Fields, London. Nothing is known of his parentage. He enjoyed an exceptionally cosmopolitan sculptural education: at the age of eleven he was sent to Flanders to train, where, according to Vertue, he worked under a statuary named ...

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Boehm, Sir (Joseph) Edgar [formerly Josef Erasmus Böhm], baronet (1834–1890), sculptor, was born on 4 July 1834 in Vienna, the youngest son of Josef Daniel Böhm (1794–1865), court medallist, engraver, and director of the imperial mint at Vienna, and his wife, Maria Aloysia Lussman (1797–1839)...

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Sir (Joseph) Edgar Boehm, baronet (1834–1890) by J. P. Mayall, pubd 1884 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bonomi, Joseph (1796–1878), sculptor and Egyptologist, and his twin sister, Mary Anne Bonomi (1796–1872), were born at 76 Great Titchfield Street, London, on 9 October 1796, the eighth and ninth but fourth and fifth surviving children of Joseph (Giuseppe) Bonomi (1739–1808), architect, and ...

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Briot, Nicholas (1579–1646), coin- and seal-engraver and medallist, was born at Damblein in Bassigny, duchy of Bar, France, the son of Didier Briot, merchant. Between 1606 and 1625 he was engraver-general at the Paris mint, where he experimented with machinery for striking coins, a subject which was to dominate his thinking for the rest of his life. Having set out his proposals in 1615 in a treatise entitled ...

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Sir Thomas Brock (1847–1922) by Ralph W. Robinson, 1889 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Brock, Sir Thomas (1847–1922), sculptor, was born on 1 March 1847 at Worcester, the only son of William Brock, a builder and decorator, and his wife, Catherine, daughter of William Marshall. He was educated at the Government School of Design, Worcester, and then served an apprenticeship in modelling at the ...

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Brodie, Alexander (1829/30–1867), sculptor, was born at 8 Virginia Street, Aberdeen, the youngest of the three sons of John Brodie (1786/7–1865), shipmaster and merchant seaman, of Banff and Aberdeen, and his wife, Mary Walker (1786?–1846). While serving an apprenticeship as a brass-finisher in the foundry of ...