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Abbey, Edwin Austin (1852–1911), illustrator and painter, was born at 315 Race Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on 1 April 1852, the eldest of the three children of William Maxwell Abbey (1827–1897), a merchant of French and English descent, and Margery Ann Kiple (1825–1880), who was descended from German and Irish immigrants. He was educated in ...

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Abbott, Lemuel Francis [Samuel] (1760/61–1802), portrait painter, was the elder son of a clergyman in Leicestershire—probably the Revd Lemuel Abbott (d. 1776), curate of Anstey, later vicar of Thornton, and his wife, Mary. In 1775, at the age of fourteen, he was apprenticed to ...

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Abell, William (d. 1474), manuscript artist, is associated by documentary evidence only with the consolidation charter of Eton College of March 1446, for which he was paid £1 6s. 8d. But a number of other works can be attributed to him on stylistic grounds, including the similarly illuminated charter for ...

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Agasse, Jacques-Laurent (1767–1849), painter, was born on 24 March 1767 at Geneva, and baptized there at the Temple Neuf on 21 April, the son of Philippe Agasse (1739–1827), merchant, and his wife, Catherine Audeoud (1737–1818). His family were merchants of Huguenot origin who had been established in ...

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Maker: Firmin Massot and Jacques-Laurent Agasse

In 

Jacques-Laurent Agasse (1767–1849) by Firmin Massot and Jacques-Laurent Agasse Museum Stiftung Oskar Reinhart; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

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W. C. Monkhouse

revised by Arianne Burnette

Aggas, Robert (c. 1620–c. 1682), landscape and scene painter, was the son of Samuel Agas of St Andrew's parish, Holborn. The family was originally from Stoke by Nayland in Suffolk. Samuel Agas was the son of Edward Aggas, a bookseller and printer, and relative of ...

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Aglio, Augustine Maria [formerly Agostino Maria] (1777–1857), painter and lithographer, was born on 15 December 1777 in Cremona, Italy, one of several children of Gaetano Aglio, a notary, and Marianna Mondini. He moved with his family in 1787 to Milan, where he was educated at the ...

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Aikman, William, of Cairnie (1682–1731), portrait painter, was born on 24 October 1682 at Cairnie, Forfarshire, the second son and fifth child of William Aikman (1646–1699), laird of Cairnie and advocate, and his wife, Margaret Clerk (d. after 1729), daughter of John Clerk...

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William Aikman of Cairnie (1682–1731) self-portrait Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Albin, Eleazar (d. 1742?), naturalist and watercolour painter, may have been born somewhere in the German states to a family named Weiss. Nothing is known of his early life, although he later claimed, in his Natural History of Birds (1731–8), to have been 'at ...

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Cosmo Alexander (1724–1772) self-portrait, before 1745? Aberdeen Art Gallery and Museums Collections

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Alexander, Cosmo (1724–1772), portrait painter and traveller, was born probably in Aberdeen, the son and pupil of the Aberdonian painter and engraver John Alexander (1686–c.1766), who had worked in Rome from 1711 to 1719, and his wife, Isobel Innes. John Alexander...

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Alexis Master (fl. c. 1120–c. 1140), manuscript artist, was active at St Albans Abbey, and probably at Bury St Edmunds Abbey, in the 1120s and 1130s. The name 'Alexis Master', first coined in German by the art historian Adolph Goldschmidt...

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See Alken family

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See Alken family

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See Alken family

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Allston, Washington (1779–1843), painter and poet, was born on 5 November 1779 at Brook Green domain, All Saints' parish, in the district of Georgetown, South Carolina, the second of the two children of William Allston junior (d. 1781), a captain in General Francis Marion's...

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See Venetian painters in Britain

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Ansdell, Richard (1815–1885), animal painter, son of Thomas Griffith Ansdell, block maker, and his wife, Ann, was born in Liverpool on 11 May 1815 and baptized on 5 July at St Peter's Church, Liverpool. He attended the Blue Coat School, Liverpool—whose assembled governors he later painted, in 1845 (...

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Ashfield, Edmund (fl. 1669–c. 1680), pastellist, is known principally on the basis of a marginal note in the manuscript treatise 'Miniatura, or, The art of limning', by Edward Norgate (1581–1650): 'On Crayons', 'Mr Ashfield at red ball in Lincoln Inn field...