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Alex, (Edward) Ephraim (1800–1882), founder of the Jewish Board of Guardians, was born on 12 December 1800 in St Katherine in the City of London. He was the eldest surviving son of Solomon Alex, dentist, of 11 Finsbury Place, Finsbury, and 21 Jewry Street, Aldgate...

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Becher, John Thomas (1770–1848), Church of England clergyman and poor-law reformer, was born in Cork, the son of Michael Becher. Educated at Westminster School, he proceeded to Christ Church, Oxford, where he was elected to a Westminster studentship in 1788. He graduated BA in 1792 and MA in 1795. He married on 6 January 1802 ...

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Duncan, Henry (1774–1846), Church of Scotland minister and savings bank founder, was born at Lochrutton, Kirkcudbrightshire, on 8 October 1774, the third son of the minister George Duncan (1738–1807) and his first wife, Anne M'Murdo (d. 1824). He was educated at Dumfries Academy...

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Henry Duncan (1774–1846) by David Octavius Hill and Robert Adamson, c. 1843–6 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Jellicoe, (John) Basil Lee (1899–1935), housing reformer and Church of England clergyman, was born on 5 February 1899 at Chailey, Sussex, the elder son of Thomas Harry Lee Jellicoe, rector of Chailey, and his wife, Bethia Theodora, youngest daughter of Sir John Boyd...

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Jenkinson, Charles (1887–1949), housing reformer and Church of England clergyman, was born on 25 June 1887 at 93 Sussex Street, Poplar, London, one of the eight children of Charles Jenkinson, a stonemason, and his wife, Mary Ann Elizabeth, née Evans. Of west country stock, he spent his childhood and youth in the ...

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Kenrick, Bruce Henderson (1920–2007), Presbyterian minister and housing campaigner, was born on 18 January 1920 at 14 Poulter Road, Walton, Liverpool, the son of John Ernest Drury Kenrick (1890–1968), incorporated accountant's clerk, later accountant, and his wife, Sarah Mabel, née Barber (1891–1962). He was brought up in ...

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MacFadden, James (1842–1917), Roman Catholic priest and tenant leader, was born near Carrigart, co. Donegal, the fourth of five children. His father, John, was a comfortable Catholic farmer in a region where members of the minority Church of Ireland dominated that class. Related to several influential figures in the Roman Catholic hierarchy, including ...

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Henry Moule (1801–1880) by unknown engraver courtesy of the Dorset County Museum

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Moule, Henry (1801–1880), Church of England clergyman and inventor of the dry earth closet, was born at Melksham, Wiltshire, on 27 January 1801, the sixth son of George Moule (1768–1830), solicitor and banker, and his wife, Sarah Hayward (1764–1835). He was educated at ...