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Andrews, William (1634/5–1712/13), astrologer and teacher of mathematics, was a well-known compiler of almanacs. He spent his adult life in Essex, at Ashdown (1656), Saffron Walden (by 1660), and nearby Radwinter (from 1668), but it is not known whether he married. He studied astrology from about 1652 and composed his first almanac, for 1655, at the age of nineteen; a new edition followed every year until his death. Though he included political prophecies, he avoided controversy by taking a firmly patriotic line, predicting disasters for ...

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Askham [Ascham], Anthony (c. 1517–1559), writer on astronomy and almanac maker, was born at Kirby Wiske, near Northallerton, Yorkshire, the third son of John Ascham (d. 1544) of Kirby Wiske, who was a yeoman farmer and steward to Lord Scrope of Bolton...

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Baker, Humphrey (fl. 1557–1574), writer on astrology and arithmetic, whose origins are unknown, was living in London when his almanac was published in 1557. A small volume, printed in black letter, it was entitled The rules and right ample documentes, touchinge the use and practise of the common almanackes, which are named ephemerides: a briefe … introduction upon the iudicall astrologie … with a treatise … touching the coniunction of the planets … the hole faithfully and clerely translated into Englysche by Humprey Baker BL...

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Boate, Arnold (1606–1653), biblical scholar and writer on natural history, was born in Gorinchem in the Netherlands, a younger son of Godefroy de Boot (c.1570–1625), knight, and Christina van Loon (fl. 1600–1630). With his elder brother Gerard Boate he studied arts and medicine at the ...

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Bollard, Nicholas (fl. 1427), Dominican friar and writer on botany, was assigned by a provincial chapter after 1427 to Oxford convent as a friar ministerialis. He was the author of a work on arboriculture headed 'A tretee of Nicholas Bollard departid in 3 parties: of gendrying of trees; 2 of graffynge; the third forsooth of altracions'...

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Buckminster [Buckmaster], Thomas (1531/2–1599), Church of England clergyman and almanac writer, was vicar of Twickenham from 1562 to 1563, then rector at All Hallows-the-Great, London, 1564–72, and rector at St Mary Woolnoth from 1572 until his death. He is sometimes supposed to have been a relative of ...

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Gamble, John (1761/2–1811), Church of England clergyman and writer on telegraphy, was born at Bungay, Suffolk, the son of Dixon Gamble, wool dealer. He was admitted to Pembroke College, Cambridge, in 1780, graduating BA in 1784, and taking his MA in 1787. He became a fellow of his college, was chaplain to the ...

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Hales, William (1747–1831), Church of Ireland clergyman and scientific writer, born on 8 April 1747, was the son of Samuel Hales, who was for many years curate and preacher at the cathedral church of Cork. He was educated by his maternal uncle, James Kingston...

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Hart, Eliakim ben Abraham [Jacob] (1745x50–1814), writer in Hebrew on religion and science, was born in London probably between 1745 and 1750, the son of Abraham Hart. The name of Hart's mother is unknown, but his paternal grandfather had come from Eisenstadt in ...

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John Heydon (b. 1629, d. in or after 1670) by unknown engraver, pubd 1664 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Heydon, John (b. 1629, d. in or after 1670), writer on astrology and alchemy, and occultist, was born on 10 September 1629 in Green Arbour, London, the son of Francis Heydon of Sidmouth, Devon, and Mary Chandler of Worcestershire. He was the grandson of ...

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Hopton, Arthur (c. 1580–1614), mathematician and almanac maker, can probably be identified as the fourth son of Richard Hopton of Hopton, Shropshire, gentleman, and his wife, Anne, daughter of Thomas Walker (also known as Leigh) of Stretton in the same county. He was educated at ...

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See Keogh, John

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Miles, Henry (1698–1763), dissenting minister and writer on science, was born at Stroud, Gloucestershire, on 2 June 1698. Nothing is known of his parentage and early life except that his parents were members of the Church of England. Although his early education was limited he avidly read the works of the puritans, which led him to become a dissenter. In the early 1720s he prepared for the Independent ministry, probably at an Independent academy in ...

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Tipper, John (b. before 1680, d. 1713), mathematician and almanac maker, was born at Coventry. In 1699 he was elected master of Bablake Hospital school there at a salary of £20, which he supplemented by teaching mathematics, surveying, dialling, accounting, and music to private pupils. Some boarded with him; others living within ...