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Allestree, Richard (b. before 1582, d. c. 1643), almanac maker and mathematician, was a younger son of William Allestree (b. before 1520, d. 1581) and his wife, Ellen. The family lived at Alvaston and Derby. Richard was an uncle of the famous royalist divine ...

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Isaac Barrow (1630–1677) by David Loggan, 1676 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Barrow, Isaac (1630–1677), mathematician and theologian, was born in London in October 1630, the son of Thomas Barrow, from a Cambridgeshire family, and his wife, Anne Buggin. Following the death of his mother in 1634 Isaac was sent to his grandfather's house where he remained until his father, already becoming a successful linen draper, married ...

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Bayes, Thomas (1701?–1761), mathematician and Presbyterian minister, was probably born in Hertfordshire, the eldest in the family of four sons and three daughters of the Revd Joshua Bayes and his wife, Ann Carpenter. He entered Edinburgh University in 1719 and studied for three years, though without taking a degree. He was licensed to preach while in ...

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Brodetsky, Selig (1888–1954), mathematician and Zionist leader, was born on 5 July 1888 at Olviopol, a small town in Ukraine 100 miles north of Odessa, the second son among the thirteen children of Akiva Brodetsky (1864–1942), a synagogue official, and his wife, Adel Prober (1864–1926)...

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Bryce, Alexander (bap. 1713, d. 1786), applied mathematician and Church of Scotland minister, was baptized on 12 April 1713 in Boarland, Kincardine-on-Forth, Perthshire, the son of John Bryce and Janet Campbell. He attended Kilmadock School in Doune, Perthshire, and the University of Edinburgh...

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Alexander Gordon

revised by Anita McConnell

Clarke, John (bap. 1682, d. 1757), dean of Salisbury and mathematician, was baptized at St Andrew's, Norwich, on 7 May 1682, the son of Edward Clarke, weaver, alderman, and MP for Norwich in 1701, and his wife, Hannah, daughter of Samuel Parmenter. Samuel Clarke (1675–1729)...

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Clerke, Gilbert (bap. 1626, d. c. 1697), mathematician and theologian, was born at Uppingham, Rutland, and baptized there on 19 March 1626. He was a son of John Clerke, headmaster of Uppingham School. He was educated at Geddington, Northamptonshire, and from 1637 at ...

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Coley, Henry (1633–1704), astrologer and mathematician, was born on 18 October 1633 in the parish of St Mary Magdalen, Oxford, the son of a joiner. His birth was said to have occurred at 32 seconds after 2.14 p.m., 'a sufficiently exact Estimate' for astrological analysis, according to his friend ...

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Cooper, Robert (1649/50–1732), mathematician and Church of England clergyman, was the second son of the seven children born to Robert Cooper of Kidderminster, Worcestershire, and his wife, Elizabeth. He entered Pembroke College, Oxford, as a servitor in 1666, aged sixteen, graduated BA in 1670, and was elected fellow through the influence of ...

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Craig, John (c. 1663–1731), mathematician and Church of England clergyman, was the second son of James Craig (c.1632–1704), vicar of Hoddam in Dumfries, Scotland. In 1684 Craig matriculated at Edinburgh University, beginning his mathematical studies under David Gregory. In 1685 he travelled to ...

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Cresswell, Daniel (1776–1844), Church of England clergyman and mathematician, was the son of Daniel Cresswell, a native of Crowden-le-Booth, in Edale, Derbyshire, who lived for many years at Newton, near Wakefield, Yorkshire. He was born at Wakefield and educated in the grammar school there and at ...

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Dee, John (1527–1609), mathematician, astrologer, and antiquary, was born on 13 July 1527 in London, the only child of Rowland Dee and his wife, Joan or Joanna (1508/9–1580), daughter of William Wild.

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John Dee (1527–1609) by unknown artist, 1574–86 Ashmolean Museum, Oxford

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Benjamin Williamson

revised by David Huddleston

Graves, Charles (1812–1899), bishop of Limerick and mathematician, was born in Dublin on 6 November 1812. He was the youngest son of John Crosbie Graves, chief police magistrate of Dublin, and of Helena, daughter of the Revd Charles Perceval of Templehouse, co. Sligo...

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Robert Haldane (1772–1854) by David Octavius Hill and Robert Adamson © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Haldane, Robert (1772–1854), Church of Scotland minister and university teacher, was born on 27 January 1772 at Overton (‘the big farm’) in the parish of Lecropt, Perthshire, the eldest son of John Haldane, farmer, and his wife, Margaret Kinross. He was educated at a school in ...

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Harley, Robert (1828–1910), mathematician and Congregational minister, was born on 23 January 1828 at Seacombe, near Liverpool, the third son of Robert Harley of Dunfermline, Fife, merchant and Wesleyan minister, and his wife, Mary Stevenson, daughter of William Stevenson and niece of General Stevenson...

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Heth, Thomas (fl. 1563–1583), writer on astrology and mathematician, was admitted to Merchant Taylors' School in 1563, where he became head scholar, under Richard Mulcaster. He entered Oxford in 1567 as a probationer fellow of All Souls and graduated BA in 1569 and MA in 1573. ...

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Holwell, John (b. 1649, d. in or after 1686), astrologer and mathematician, born in London on 24 November 1649, was probably the John Holwell, son of Thomas and Catherine Holwell, who was baptized at St James's, Clerkenwell, on 28 November 1649. According to a family tradition he was descended from the ...