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Allestree, Richard (b. before 1582, d. c. 1643), almanac maker and mathematician, was a younger son of William Allestree (b. before 1520, d. 1581) and his wife, Ellen. The family lived at Alvaston and Derby. Richard was an uncle of the famous royalist divine ...

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Andrews, William (1634/5–1712/13), astrologer and teacher of mathematics, was a well-known compiler of almanacs. He spent his adult life in Essex, at Ashdown (1656), Saffron Walden (by 1660), and nearby Radwinter (from 1668), but it is not known whether he married. He studied astrology from about 1652 and composed his first almanac, for 1655, at the age of nineteen; a new edition followed every year until his death. Though he included political prophecies, he avoided controversy by taking a firmly patriotic line, predicting disasters for ...

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Baker, Humphrey (fl. 1557–1574), writer on astrology and arithmetic, whose origins are unknown, was living in London when his almanac was published in 1557. A small volume, printed in black letter, it was entitled The rules and right ample documentes, touchinge the use and practise of the common almanackes, which are named ephemerides: a briefe … introduction upon the iudicall astrologie … with a treatise … touching the coniunction of the planets … the hole faithfully and clerely translated into Englysche by Humprey Baker BL...

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Isaac Barrow (1630–1677) by David Loggan, 1676 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Barrow, Isaac (1630–1677), mathematician and theologian, was born in London in October 1630, the son of Thomas Barrow, from a Cambridgeshire family, and his wife, Anne Buggin. Following the death of his mother in 1634 Isaac was sent to his grandfather's house where he remained until his father, already becoming a successful linen draper, married ...

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Bayes, Thomas (1701?–1761), mathematician and Presbyterian minister, was probably born in Hertfordshire, the eldest in the family of four sons and three daughters of the Revd Joshua Bayes and his wife, Ann Carpenter. He entered Edinburgh University in 1719 and studied for three years, though without taking a degree. He was licensed to preach while in ...

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Brodetsky, Selig (1888–1954), mathematician and Zionist leader, was born on 5 July 1888 at Olviopol, a small town in Ukraine 100 miles north of Odessa, the second son among the thirteen children of Akiva Brodetsky (1864–1942), a synagogue official, and his wife, Adel Prober (1864–1926)...

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Brown, George (c. 1650–1730), arithmetician and minister of religion, may be identifiable with the George Brown who attended the University of Aberdeen from 1664, graduating MA in 1668. He married Elspeth Anderson in Edinburgh on 13 January 1674, when he was described as a mathematician. Some time between 1682 and 1684 he became minister at ...

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Bryce, Alexander (bap. 1713, d. 1786), applied mathematician and Church of Scotland minister, was baptized on 12 April 1713 in Boarland, Kincardine-on-Forth, Perthshire, the son of John Bryce and Janet Campbell. He attended Kilmadock School in Doune, Perthshire, and the University of Edinburgh...

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Alexander Gordon

revised by Anita McConnell

Clarke, John (bap. 1682, d. 1757), dean of Salisbury and mathematician, was baptized at St Andrew's, Norwich, on 7 May 1682, the son of Edward Clarke, weaver, alderman, and MP for Norwich in 1701, and his wife, Hannah, daughter of Samuel Parmenter. Samuel Clarke (1675–1729)...

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Clerke, Gilbert (bap. 1626, d. c. 1697), mathematician and theologian, was born at Uppingham, Rutland, and baptized there on 19 March 1626. He was a son of John Clerke, headmaster of Uppingham School. He was educated at Geddington, Northamptonshire, and from 1637 at ...

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Coley, Henry (1633–1704), astrologer and mathematician, was born on 18 October 1633 in the parish of St Mary Magdalen, Oxford, the son of a joiner. His birth was said to have occurred at 32 seconds after 2.14 p.m., 'a sufficiently exact Estimate' for astrological analysis, according to his friend ...

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Cooper, Robert (1649/50–1732), mathematician and Church of England clergyman, was the second son of the seven children born to Robert Cooper of Kidderminster, Worcestershire, and his wife, Elizabeth. He entered Pembroke College, Oxford, as a servitor in 1666, aged sixteen, graduated BA in 1670, and was elected fellow through the influence of ...

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Craig, John (c. 1663–1731), mathematician and Church of England clergyman, was the second son of James Craig (c.1632–1704), vicar of Hoddam in Dumfries, Scotland. In 1684 Craig matriculated at Edinburgh University, beginning his mathematical studies under David Gregory. In 1685 he travelled to ...

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Cresswell, Daniel (1776–1844), Church of England clergyman and mathematician, was the son of Daniel Cresswell, a native of Crowden-le-Booth, in Edale, Derbyshire, who lived for many years at Newton, near Wakefield, Yorkshire. He was born at Wakefield and educated in the grammar school there and at ...

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Dee, John (1527–1609), mathematician, astrologer, and antiquary, was born on 13 July 1527 in London, the only child of Rowland Dee and his wife, Joan or Joanna (1508/9–1580), daughter of William Wild.

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John Dee (1527–1609) by unknown artist, 1574–86 Ashmolean Museum, Oxford

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Benjamin Williamson

revised by David Huddleston

Graves, Charles (1812–1899), bishop of Limerick and mathematician, was born in Dublin on 6 November 1812. He was the youngest son of John Crosbie Graves, chief police magistrate of Dublin, and of Helena, daughter of the Revd Charles Perceval of Templehouse, co. Sligo...

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Robert Haldane (1772–1854) by David Octavius Hill and Robert Adamson © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Haldane, Robert (1772–1854), Church of Scotland minister and university teacher, was born on 27 January 1772 at Overton (‘the big farm’) in the parish of Lecropt, Perthshire, the eldest son of John Haldane, farmer, and his wife, Margaret Kinross. He was educated at a school in ...