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Berkeley, Miles Joseph (1803–1889), Church of England clergyman and naturalist, was born at Biggin Hall, near Oundle, Northamptonshire, on 1 April 1803, the second son of Charles Berkeley of Biggin Hall and his wife, Charlotte, daughter of James Munn of Blackheath and sister of the watercolour artist ...

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Bingley, William (1774–1823), naturalist and Church of England clergyman, was born at Doncaster, Yorkshire, early in January 1774 and baptized there on the 7th. He was orphaned while still very young. He was educated at a school in Doncaster, where his friends urged him to pursue a career in law, but his own inclinations were for a more tranquil life in the church. With this end in mind he matriculated at ...

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Boate, Arnold (1606–1653), biblical scholar and writer on natural history, was born in Gorinchem in the Netherlands, a younger son of Godefroy de Boot (c.1570–1625), knight, and Christina van Loon (fl. 1600–1630). With his elder brother Gerard Boate he studied arts and medicine at the ...

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Dallinger, William Henry (1842–1909), Wesleyan Methodist minister and biologist, was born in Devonport on 5 July 1842, the son of Joseph Stephen Dallinger, artist, etcher, and engraver. He was educated privately and showed an early inclination towards natural history. His religious instinct led him to qualify for the Wesleyan ministry in 1861. After serving Wesleyan churches in ...

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Evans, William Edward (1801–1869), Church of England clergyman and naturalist, was born on 8 June 1801 at Shrewsbury, son of John Evans MD, and his wife, Jane Wilson Evans (1756–1846). He inherited a taste for poetry and natural history from his father, who wrote a poem in four books on bees (1806–13). A brother, ...

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Fleming, John (1785–1857), naturalist and Free Church of Scotland minister, was born on 10 January 1785 at Kirkroods, a farm near Bathgate, Linlithgowshire, the son of Alexander Fleming and his wife, Catherine Nimmo. He appears to have enjoyed natural history from an early age. He studied for the ministry of the ...

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See Forster, (Johann) Georg Adam

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Gordon, George (1801–1893), Church of Scotland minister and naturalist, was born on 23 July 1801 at the manse of Urquhart, Moray, the first son of William Gordon (bap. 1744, d. 1810), minister in the Church of Scotland, and his wife, Margaret (1779–1864)...

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Hincks, Thomas (1818–1899), Unitarian minister and naturalist, was born on 15 July 1818 at Exeter, one of the eight children of William Hincks (1793?–1871), Unitarian minister and naturalist, and his wife, Maria Ann Yandell (1788/9–1849). His grandfather, Thomas Dix Hincks, was a Presbyterian minister in ...

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Hincks, William (1793?–1871), Unitarian minister and naturalist, was born on 16 April, about 1793, in Cork, the second of five sons and two daughters born to Thomas Dix Hincks (1767–1857), Irish Presbyterian minister, and his wife, Anne (1767–1835), daughter of William Boult...

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Hughes, Griffith (bap. 1707, d. 1758?), Church of England clergyman and naturalist, was baptized on 29 April 1707 in Tywyn, Merioneth, the son of Edward Hughes and Bridget, his wife. He matriculated at St John's College, Oxford, in May 1729. Following a recommendation to the ...

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Hutchinson, John (1674–1737), naturalist and theologian, was born at Spennithorne, near Middleham, Yorkshire. His father, also John Hutchinson, was of yeoman status and possessed an estate worth £40 per annum. At first he wanted his son to qualify as an estate steward, and sent him to school at ...

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Landsborough [formerly McLandsborough], David (1779–1854), Free Church of Scotland minister and naturalist, was born on 11 August 1779 in Dalry, Glenkens, Kirkcudbrightshire, the only son and eldest of four children of John McLandsborough and Isabel Hugan. He was educated at the parish school and ...

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Lightfoot, John (1735–1788), Church of England clergyman and naturalist, was born on 9 December 1735 at Newent in Gloucestershire, one of three children of Stephen Lightfoot (1707–1769), yeoman farmer, and his wife, Hester (1704–1769). He was married on 10 November 1780 to Matilda Raynes (...

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Morris, Francis Orpen (1810–1893), Church of England clergyman and naturalist, was born on 25 March 1810 near the Cove of Cork, the eldest son of Admiral Henry Gage Morris RN (d. 1852), then serving on the Irish station, and his wife, Rebecca Newenham Millerd...

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Needham, John Turberville (1713–1781), Roman Catholic priest and natural scientist, was born in Middlesex on 10 September 1713, the eldest son of John Needham (d. 1730?) of Hilston, near St Maughan's in Monmouthshire, who practised as a barrister in London, and his wife, ...

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Peacocke, Arthur Robert (1924–2006), biochemist and theologian, was born on 29 November 1924 at 221 Chester Road, Watford, Hertfordshire, the son of Arthur Charles Peacocke, butcher, and his wife, Rose Elizabeth, née Lilly. He was educated at Watford grammar school and Exeter College, Oxford...

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Ray [formerly Wray], John (1627–1705), naturalist and theologian, was born at Black Notley, near Braintree, Essex, on 29 November 1627, the third child of Roger Wray (bap. 1594, d. 1655), a blacksmith, and his wife, Elizabeth (c.1600–1679), who was noted for her piety and her knowledge of medicinal herbs. Until 1670 he spelled his surname with an initial W, which he dropped in order to facilitate the Latinizing of his name....

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John Ray (1627–1705) by unknown artist, after 1680 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Salaman, Redcliffe Nathan (1874–1955), geneticist and Jewish activist, was born Nathan Redcliffe Salaman, at 100 Redcliffe Gardens, Kensington, London, on 12 September 1874, the ninth of the fifteen children of Myer Salaman (1835/6–1896), a wealthy ostrich feather merchant, and his wife, Sarah Soloman (1844–1931)...