Æthelwine [Ethelwine, Æthelwine Dei Amicus] (d. 992), magnate and founder of Ramsey Abbey, Huntingdonshire, was the fourth and youngest son of Æthelstan, known as the Half-King (932–956), and his wife, Ælfwyn (d. 986). He was a few years older than the atheling ...
C. P. Lewis
Avranches, Hugh d', first earl of Chester (d. 1101), magnate and founder of Chester Abbey, was the son of Richard Goz, vicomte d'Avranches and seigneur de St Sever, and an unknown mother formerly identified on the basis of unsatisfactory evidence as Emma, supposedly a half-sister of ...
Jane E. A. Dawson
Campbell, Archibald, fifth earl of Argyll (1538–1573), magnate and protestant reformer, was the eldest son of Archibald Campbell, fourth earl of Argyll (1498–1558), and his first wife, Lady Helen Hamilton (d. in or before 1541), daughter of the first earl of Arran...
revised by K. D. Reynolds
Douglas, James, fourth Baron Douglas (1787–1857), Church of England clergyman and aristocrat, fifth son of Archibald Stewart Douglas, first Baron Douglas (1748–1827), and his second wife, Lady Frances Scott (1750–1817), youngest daughter of Francis Scott, earl of Dalkeith, was born on 9 July 1787. Having been educated for the church at ...
Geoffrey (d. 1093), bishop of Coutances and magnate, belonged to the energetic and warlike baronage of western Normandy who did so much to restore the Norman church after the viking raids and civil wars of the tenth and early eleventh centuries, and were among the most prominent counsellors and supporters of ...
Maker: unknown artist
J. G. Elzinga
Howard, Philip [St Philip Howard], thirteenth earl of Arundel (1557–1595), magnate and alleged traitor, was born on 28 June 1557 at Arundel House, the Strand, London, the only child of Thomas Howard, fourth duke of Norfolk (1538–1572), nobleman and courtier, and his first wife, ...
Odo, earl of Kent (d. 1097), bishop of Bayeux and magnate, was the son of Herluin de Conteville (d. c.1066), a Norman magnate of vicomte status who held lands around Grestain to the south of the Seine estuary, and of Herleva (...
Stewart, Robert, earl of Lennox and earl of March (1522/3–1586), bishop-elect of Caithness and magnate, was the second son of John Stewart, twelfth or third earl of Lennox (d. 1526), and his wife, Elizabeth Stewart, daughter of the first earl of Atholl. In 1548 he was a student at ...