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Article

Alexander Gordon

revised by K. D. Reynolds

Barclay, Robert (1833–1876), Quaker and ecclesiastical historian, was born on 4 August 1833 at Croydon. He was the younger son of John Barclay (1797–1838), a descendant of the Quaker apologist Robert Barclay, and himself an expert on the early literature of the Society of Friends...

Article

G. F. Nuttall

revised by Elaine Kaye

Bartlet, James Vernon (1863–1940), ecclesiastical historian, was born on 15 August 1863 in Scarborough, the only son of George Donald Bartlet (1823–1906), an English Presbyterian minister who was also a schoolmaster in Scarborough and in London, and his wife, Susan Robe McNellan, formerly of ...

Article

Bennett, Gareth Vaughan (1929–1987), ecclesiastical historian, was born on 8 November 1929 at 19 Valkyrie Road, Westcliff-on-Sea, Essex, the only child of Roy Charles Frederick Bennett, a London shipping clerk, and his wife, Kathleen Beryl Vaughan (d. 1981). A lonely child, he was educated at private schools in ...

Article

Besse, Joseph (1683–1757), historian of Quakerism, was born at Billericay, Essex, the son of Joseph Besse. In 1716 he married Hannah Dehorne (d. in or before 1757), daughter of George Dehorne of Colchester; they had six children. Besse worked as a schoolmaster in ...

Article

Bigg, Charles (1840–1908), schoolmaster and ecclesiastical historian, was born on 12 September 1840 at Higher Broughton, near Manchester, the second son of Thomas Bigg, a Manchester merchant, and Sarah Elden. Educated at Manchester grammar school, his election to an open scholarship at Corpus Christi College, Oxford...

Article

Bingham, Joseph (bap. 1668, d. 1723), ecclesiastical historian, was baptized on 28 September 1668 at All Saints', Wakefield, Yorkshire, the son of Francis Bingham (b. 1625, d. in or after 1680), of Wakefield, a nonconformist, who had originally been apprenticed as a cutler. He was educated at ...

Article

Bishop, Edmund (1846–1917), liturgical scholar and ecclesiastical historian, was born at Bridgetown, in Berry Pomeroy, near Totnes, Devon, on 17 May 1846, the youngest child of Michael Bishop (1802–1851), an innkeeper, and his wife, Susanna Quick (1804–1863). He had his early schooling in the grammar school at ...

Article

Blunt, John Henry (1823–1884), ecclesiastical historian and theological writer, was born at Chelsea on 25 August 1823, where he was educated in a private school. For some years after leaving school he was a manufacturing chemist, but in 1850 he entered University College, Durham...

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William Bright (1824–1901) by Gillman & Co. © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Andrew Clark

revised by Myfanwy Lloyd

Bright, William (1824–1901), church historian, born at Doncaster on 14 December 1824, was the only son of William Bright, town clerk of Doncaster, Yorkshire, and Mary Ann Branson. He was sent first to a preparatory school at Southwell, and then, in 1837, to ...

Article

Cadbury, Sir (George) Adrian Hayhurst (1929–2015), businessman, was born at The Davids, Hole Lane, Bournville, Birmingham, on 15 April 1929, the second of four sons and second of six children of Laurence John Cadbury (1889–1982), businessman, and his wife, ...

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Cadbury, Sir (George) Adrian Hayhurst (1929–2015), by Ben Smith, 2007

Rex Features/Shutterstock.com

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Edward Cardwell (1787–1861) by William Holl (after George Richmond, 1853) © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

C. W. Sutton

revised by H. C. G. Matthew

Cardwell, Edward (1787–1861), ecclesiastical historian, was the youngest of the five sons of Richard Cardwell of Blackburn, Lancashire, and his wife, Jane, daughter of John and Margaret Hodson of Wigan. He was born in Standishgate, Wigan, on 3 August 1787 and entered Brasenose College, Oxford...

Article

Carpenter, Edward Frederick (1910–1998), dean of Westminster and ecclesiastical historian, was born on 27 November 1910 at 17 New Haw Road, Addleston, Surrey, the younger son and younger child of Frederick James Carpenter (1880–1969), a master craftsman and builder, and his wife, Jessie Kate (1880–1960)...

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Isaac Casaubon (1559–1614) by unknown artist, late 16th cent.– cent.early 17th © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Casaubon, Isaac (1559–1614), classical scholar and ecclesiastical historian, was born in Geneva on 18 February 1559 ns and baptized two days later, one of the nine children of Arnaud Casaubon (1525–1586), pastor in the Reformed church, and his wife, Jeanne, or Mengine, née...

Article

Cassan, Stephen Hyde (1789–1841), ecclesiastical biographer, son of Stephen Cassan, barrister, and his wife, Sarah, daughter of Captain Charles Mears, was born at Calcutta, where his father was sheriff. He was educated at Magdalen Hall, Oxford, from May 1811 and took his BA degree on 14 January 1815. He received deacon's orders on 26 March 1816, and was ordained priest in 1817. While curate of ...

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Maker: David Poole

Henry Chadwick (1920–2008) by David Poole © David Poole; Master and Fellows of Peterhouse, Cambridge

Article

Chadwick, Henry (1920–2008), theologian and church historian, was born on 23 June 1920 at St Andrews, Oaklands Road, Bromley, Kent, the third of four sons and the fourth of six children of John Chadwick, barrister, and his wife, Edith Mary, née Horrocks, a gifted musician. The four sons all became men of distinction: ...