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Ackroyd, Peter Runham (1917–2005), Old Testament scholar, was born on 15 September 1917 at 66 Stone Hill Road, Derby, the son of Jabez Robert Ackroyd, Congregational minister, and his wife, Winifred, née Brown. When the family moved to Harrow, Middlesex, he attended the county boys' school. He matriculated from ...

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Aldred (fl. c. 970), provost of Chester-le-Street and glossator, is known through three manuscripts. He added an interlinear Old English gloss and a colophon to the Lindisfarne gospels of c.698 (BL, Cotton MS Nero D.iv), four collects in honour of St Cuthbert...

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W. H. Fremantle

revised by Roger T. Stearn

Alford, Henry (1810–1871), dean of Canterbury and biblical scholar, was born at 25 Alfred Place, Bedford Square, London, on 10 October 1810, the son of the Revd Henry Alford (1782–1852), an evangelical and the son and grandson of evangelical clergy, and his first wife, ...

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Henry Alford (1810–1871) by unknown photographer © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Amner, Richard (bap. 1737, d. 1803), Presbyterian minister and biblical critic, was born at Hinckley, Leicestershire, the third of five children of Richard Amner and Anne, his wife. He was baptized on 26 April 1737 at the Presbyterian Great Meeting, Hinckley. In 1755 he entered ...

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Anderson, George Wishart (1913–2002), biblical scholar and Methodist minister, was born on 25 January 1913 at 35 Elliot Street, Arbroath, the elder child of George Anderson (1879–1957), a cabinet-maker, and his wife, Margaret Gordon, née Wishart (1880–1964). His parents were both Scottish. He was educated at ...

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Arnald, Richard (1698/1700–1756), Church of England clergyman and biblical scholar, was born in 1698 (Venn, Alum. Cant.) or 1700 (Nichols). He was educated at Bishop Stortford School, whereafter in 1714 he was admitted to Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, and matriculated the next year. Having graduated BA he moved in 1718 to ...

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William Barclay (1907–1978) by unknown photographer Paternoster Press / Authentic Media; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

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Barclay, William (1907–1978), New Testament scholar, writer, and broadcaster, was born on 5 December 1907 in Wick, Caithness, the only child of William Dugald Barclay (1864–1936), a bank manager and lay evangelist, and his wife, Barbara Linton McLeish (1867–1932). In 1912 the family left for the industrial south-west when ...

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Barnes, William Emery (1859–1939), Church of England clergyman and biblical scholar, was born in London on 26 May 1859, the younger son of Samuel Emery Barnes, wine merchant, of London, and his wife, Charlotte Ann Noss. He was educated at Islington proprietary school...

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Barr, James (1924–2006), Old Testament scholar, was born on 20 March 1924 at 5 Melville Street, Glasgow, the son of Allan Barr, schoolteacher, later minister of religion and professor of New Testament language and literature at the United Free Church college in Edinburgh...

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Barrett, (Charles) Kingsley (1917–2011), Methodist minister and New Testament scholar, was born on 4 May 1917 at 59 Howard Street, Salford, the son of Fred Barrett (1880–1957), United Methodist minister, and his wife, Clara, née Seed (1879–1941), who had been a Methodist deaconess. He attended ...

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William Henry Bennett (1855–1920) by James Russell & Sons, pubd 1907–9 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bennett, William Henry (1855–1920), Congregational minister and biblical scholar, was born on 22 May 1855 at 1 Conduit Street, Paddington, London, the son of William Emmanuel Bennett, draper, and his wife, Emily Brice. He was educated at the City of London School under ...

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Bensly, Robert Lubbock (1831–1893), Hebrew, Syriac, and biblical scholar, born at Eaton, near Norwich, Norfolk, on 24 August 1831, was the second son of Robert Bensly of Eaton, and his wife, Harriet Reeve. Educated in Eaton at a private school (where he began the study of Hebrew), and ...

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Bevan, Anthony Ashley (1859–1933), orientalist and biblical scholar, was born at Trent Park, Barnet, on 19 May 1859, the eldest of the three sons of Robert Cooper Lee Bevan (1809–1890), of Fosbury House, Wiltshire, and Trent Park, head of the great banking-house later known as ...

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Black, Matthew (1908–1994), biblical scholar, was born in Kilmarnock on 3 September 1908, the son of James Black (1888–1960), engineer's patternmaker, and his wife, Helen, née Currie (1889–1985), hosiery worker. He was educated at Kilmarnock Academy and Glasgow University, graduating with first-class honours in classics in 1930 and second-class honours in philosophy in 1931. He studied for the ministry, and took his BD in 1934 with distinction in ...

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Matthew Black (1908–1994) by Walter Bird, 1965 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Boate, Arnold (1606–1653), biblical scholar and writer on natural history, was born in Gorinchem in the Netherlands, a younger son of Godefroy de Boot (c.1570–1625), knight, and Christina van Loon (fl. 1600–1630). With his elder brother Gerard Boate he studied arts and medicine at the ...

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Bogan, Zachary (1625–1659), classical and biblical scholar, was born about 24 June 1625 at Gatcombe House, Little Hempston, Devon, the third son of William Bogan (bap. 1582, d. 1658), gentleman, and his wife, Joane Irish, daughter of Zachary Irish. His paternal grandmother was ...