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Aberhart, William (1878–1943), politician and evangelist in Canada, was born in Hibbert township, near Seaforth, Perth county, Ontario, on 30 December 1878, the son of William Aberhart (who as a child had been brought from Germany) and his wife, Louisa Pepper, the daughter of an Englishman. He was educated at schools in ...

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Agnew, Sir Andrew, seventh baronet (1793–1849), promoter of Sabbatarian legislation, was born at Kinsale, Ireland, on 21 March 1793, into an ancient and distinguished family in Wigtownshire. He was a posthumous son, his father, Andrew Agnew, an army officer, having died on 11 September 1792. His mother, ...

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À Lasco [Laski], John (1499–1560), evangelical reformer, was born in Lask, Poland, the second of three sons and brother to four daughters of Jarslov Laski (d. 1521?), voivode of Sieradz, and Susanna Bak (fl. 1484–1510), daughter of the Bakova-Gora councilman Zbigniew Bak...

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Alesius [formerly Allane or Alan], Alexander (1500–1565), Lutheran theologian and reformer, was born at Edinburgh on 23 April 1500. He is sometimes referred to as Ales, Aless, or Alesse, but the matriculation roll of St Andrews University records his native family name as ...

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Allen, Edmund (1510s–1559), protestant reformer, was born in Norfolk some time in the 1510s. He took his BA at Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, in 1535, and his MA in 1537. He was ordained deacon in Lincoln diocese in April 1536. In the same year he was elected a fellow of ...

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Alline, Henry (1748–1784), evangelist and hymn writer, was born in Newport, Rhode Island, on 14 June 1748, the second son of William Alline and Rebecca Clark. His father, who was probably a miller, responded to the announcements of free land in Nova Scotia...

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Arthington, Henry (fl. 1569–1609), religious conspirator and writer, was a native of Yorkshire, but nothing is known about his family, education, and upbringing. He claimed to have been an anti-Catholic informer for the council of the north before the northern rising of 1569, and may still have been active in that capacity in the 1580s. He was granted a patent for life by the ...

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Arthur, Thomas (d. 1532/3), religious radical, is of uncertain origins, though he may have belonged to an Arthur family of Wisbech. He studied at Cambridge, graduating in 1513 and proceeding MA in 1516. In 1518 he became a fellow of St John's, and is recorded as principal of ...

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Aster, John (1509/10–1574), Church of England clergyman and religious reformer, was probably the son of John Aster of Calais and Boston, Lincolnshire, staple merchant. The younger John Aster was himself trading as a Calais merchant by 1543. In 1544 he was sent to ...

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Aubrey, Melbourn Evans (1885–1957), Baptist minister and ecumenist, was born in the Rhondda on 21 April 1885, the eldest child of Edwin Aubrey and his wife, Elizabeth Jane Evans. His father was then pastor of Zion Baptist Church, Pentre, and subsequently ministered in ...

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Austen, Ralph (c. 1612–1676), horticulturist and religious radical, was born into a yeoman family in Leek, Staffordshire; his mother was a cousin of Henry Ireton, the parliamentary leader, a connection Austen repeatedly stressed in his attempts to gain offices or land grants. Austen...

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Henry Wilfred Austin (1906–2000) by Edward G. Malindine, 1933 © reserved; collection Science & Society Picture Library; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

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Austin, Henry Wilfred [Bunny] (1906–2000), tennis player and evangelist, was born at 11 Crescent Road, South Norwood, Croydon, on 26 August 1906, the son of Wilfred Austin, stock jobber, and his wife, Kate Leah Cock. He seems to have acquired the nickname Bunny...

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Bale, John (1495–1563), bishop of Ossory, evangelical polemicist, and historian, was born to parents of humble means at the village of Cove, near Dunwich in Suffolk, on 21 November 1495.

Throughout his life, despite wide travels, Bale continually proclaimed his identity as a ...

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Balfour, John, of Kinloch (fl. 1663–1683), covenanter, was the son of John Balfour (d. c.1652), portioner of Kinloch, in the parish of Collessie, and his wife, Grissel Hay (d. c.1653). Served heir to his grandfather Robert Balfour on 26 February 1663, he was described as a 'broad man' with 'farid dusk brown hair' (...

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Balnaves, Henry (d. 1570), diplomat and religious reformer, is said by Calderwood to have come from Kirkcaldy and studied in Cologne. He returned to St Andrews, appearing on the rolls of St Salvator's College in 1527 as magister, the title by which he is usually designated, though where he received his MA degree is uncertain. He worked as a procurator in ...

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Barnes, Robert (c. 1495–1540), religious reformer, was a native of Bishop's Lynn, Norfolk; his parentage is unknown.

According to John Bale, Barnes entered the house of the Austin friars in Cambridge while still a boy. Some time about 1517 he travelled to the ...

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Barnes, Thomas (1747–1810), Presbyterian minister and reformer, was born on 1 February 1747 at Warrington, the son of William Barnes and Elizabeth, daughter of the Revd Thomas Blinston, Presbyterian minister at Wigan. His father died when he was only three. He was educated at the grammar school in ...

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Baro, Peter (1534–1599), Reformed minister and religious controversialist, was born at Étampes (Seine-et-Oise), France, the son of Étienne Baron and his wife, Philippe Petit; in his autobiographical notes Peter says he was one of many children, first mentioning brothers Jean and Florent, so he was perhaps the third to survive. The family is believed to have belonged to the rich ...

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Barrow, Henry (c. 1550–1593), religious separatist, was the third son of a Norfolk gentleman, Thomas Barrow of Shipdam, and his wife, Mary, daughter and coheir of Henry Bures of Acton, Suffolk. Through the Bures connection, Barrow was related to the family of Sir William Butts...