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Article

Gilbert Laithwaite

revised by Francis Robinson

Aga Khan [Mohammed Shah] III (1877–1957), leader of the Ismailis, was born in Karachi on 2 November 1877, a member of the ruling Qajar dynasty in Persia, the son of Aga Ali Shah, Aga Khan II (d. 1885), and Shams al-Muluk, known as ...

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Aga Khan III (1877–1957) by Dorothy Wilding, c. 1953 © Tom Hustler / National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Ahmad Khan, Sir Saiyid [Syed Ahmed Khan] (1817–1898), Muslim leader in India, was born on 17 October 1817 in Khwaja Farid's haveli (mansion) near the Tiraha Bahram Khan in Delhi, the youngest of the three children (two boys and one girl) of ...

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Abdullah Yusuf Ali (1872–1953) by Lafayette, 1930 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Ali, Abdullah Yusuf (1872–1953), Indian civil servant and Islamic scholar, was born on 4 April 1872 in Surat, Gujarat, India. His father, Yusuf Ali Allahbuksh, otherwise Khan Bahadur Yusuf Ali, a Shi'i in the Dawoodi Bohra tradition, had abandoned the traditional occupation of his community, business, and entered instead the police force, being presented on retirement with the title of ...

Article

Ali, Sayyid Mumtaz (1860–1935), author and publisher, was born in 1860 near Deoband, Saharanpur district, United Provinces, India, the son of Sayyid Zulfiqar Ali, a landholder with ties to the ulama who founded the Deoband madrasa (or Islamic school) in 1866. His education began at an Arabic ...

Article

S. V. FitzGerald

revised by Roger T. Stearn

Ameer Ali, Saiyid (1849–1928), judge and Muslim leader in India, was born on 6 April 1849 at Chinsura, Bengal, the fourth son of Saiyid Saadat Ali Khan (who died of cholera in 1856) of Mohan, Oudh, and his wife, the daughter of Shamsuddin Khan...

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(Mohammed Aboulkhair) Zaki Badawi (1922–2006) by Gemma Levine, 1998 Getty Images

Article

Badawi, (Mohammed Aboulkhair) Zaki (1922–2006), scholar of Islam and Muslim community leader, was born on 14 January (or possibly 11 August) 1922 at Sharkia, outside Cairo, Egypt, the son of Zaki Badawi, a university lecturer. He entered al-Azhar University in Cairo, arguably the most prestigious major place of learning for ...

Article

Coulson, Noel James (1928–1986), scholar of Islamic law, was born on 18 August 1928 at 341 Manchester Road, Blackrod, Lancashire, the son of George Frederick Coulson, paperworks beaterman, later papermill manager, and his wife, Marjorie Elizabeth, née Moore. He was educated at Wigan grammar school...

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Cragg, (Albert) Kenneth (1913–2012), Church of England clergyman, theologian, and scholar of Islam, was born at 22 Chapel Street, Blackpool, on 8 March 1913, the youngest of three children of Albert Cragg (1878–1957) and his wife, Emily Griffiths, née Hides (1874–1952), daughter of ...

Article

Diallo, Ayuba Suleiman [Job Ben Solomon] (c. 1701–1773), Muslim cleric and slave, was born about 1701 in Bundu, west Africa, the son of Suleiman Diallo, otherwise Solomon or Soliman Dgiallo, a prominent Fulbe political and Islamic leader. He spoke several African languages, and Arabic, which he could also read and write, and by the late 1720s had married two wives and had several children. In 1730, with his interpreter ...

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Ayuba Suleiman Diallo (c. 1701–1773) by William Hoare, 1733 © Christies Images / Bridgeman Images

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Eaton, (Horace Charles Le) Gai [names in religion Hasan ‘Abd al-Hakim, Sidi Hasan] (1921–2010), diplomatist and Muslim scholar, was born on 1 January 1921 in Lausanne, Switzerland, the son of Francis Henry Launcelot Errington (1854–1942), barrister, and Ruth Frances Muddock (1881–1973)...

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Kerr, David Allan (1945–2008), theologian and scholar of Islam, was born at Poplar Hospital, London, on 16 May 1945, the son of Wilfred Allan Kerr (1915–1991), a Congregationalist minister who cultivated an interest in international development, and his wife, Agapé Jean, née Maclachlan...

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Lings, Martin (1909–2005), scholar of Islam, was born on 24 January 1909 at Barciecroft, Burnage Lane, Burnage, Lancashire, the son of George Herbert Lings, cotton spinner and ornithologist, and his wife, Gladys Mary, née Greenhalgh. After spending much of his childhood in the ...

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Muhammad 'Abdallah Hasan [Muḣammad 'Abd Allāh Ḥasan] (1856–1920/21), religious leader, was born north of Buuhoodle, Somaliland, the eldest son of an Ogaden father, Sheikh 'Abdallah Hasan, and a Dhulbahanta mother, Timiro Seed Magan. Contemporary Britons called him the ‘Mad Mullah’...

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Muhammad Ahmad ibn 'Abdullahi [Muḣammad Aḣmad ibn Abdullāhi; known as the Mahdi] (1844–1885), religious leader, was born on 12 August 1844 at Labab island, Dongola province, Sudan. He was one of the five children of 'Abdullahi Fahl, a boat maker. After studying with several religious teachers he was initiated into the ...

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Quilliam, William Henry [known as Sheikh Abdullah Quilliam; Haroon Mustapha Leon] (1856–1932), lawyer and Muslim leader, was born on 10 April 1856 at 22 Elliot Street, Liverpool, the son of Robert Quilliam, watch manufacturer, and his wife, Harriet, née Burrows. He was of Manx descent (and at one point active in the ...

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Sesay, al-Hajj Shaikh Jibril [known as Shaikh Gibril Sesay] (1903–1988), political leader, was born in the village of Mabayla in Sanda Tenraren chiefdom, Bomboli district, Sierra Leone. His father, Abu Bakari Lomeh Sesay (b. c.1879), was a Muslim scholar and wealthy merchant whose export–import business was based in ...