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Alline, Henry (1748–1784), evangelist and hymn writer, was born in Newport, Rhode Island, on 14 June 1748, the second son of William Alline and Rebecca Clark. His father, who was probably a miller, responded to the announcements of free land in Nova Scotia...

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Henry Wilfred Austin (1906–2000) by Edward G. Malindine, 1933 © reserved; collection Science & Society Picture Library; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

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Austin, Henry Wilfred [Bunny] (1906–2000), tennis player and evangelist, was born at 11 Crescent Road, South Norwood, Croydon, on 26 August 1906, the son of Wilfred Austin, stock jobber, and his wife, Kate Leah Cock. He seems to have acquired the nickname Bunny...

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Button, Ralph (1611/12–1680), nonconformist tutor, was born in Bishopstone, near Salisbury, Wiltshire, the son of Robert Button. He was educated at a local grammar school and then at Exeter College, Oxford, where he matriculated in December 1631, aged nineteen. Button was a favourite pupil of the rector of ...

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Carleton, George (1529–1590), landowner and puritan, was the second son of John Carleton of Walton-on-Thames, Surrey, and Brightwell Baldwin, Oxfordshire, and his wife, Joyce, daughter of John Welbeck of Oxenheath, Kent. His maternal grandmother was Margaret Culpepper, an aunt of Queen Katherine Howard...

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Cavalier, Jean (1681–1740), army officer and leader of the Camisard rising in France, was born on 28 November 1681 at Mas Roux, Ribaute, near Anduze, Languedoc, subsequently in the département of Gard, the son of Antoine Cavalier, a small farmer, and his wife, ...

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Cormack, John (1894–1978), protestant agitator and local politician, was born on 7 July 1894 in Edinburgh, the eldest child of the four sons and three daughters of Donald Cormack (1865–1937), a clerk and former soldier, and his wife, Mary McPhail (c.1870–1951)...

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Dowsing, William (bap. 1596, d. 1668), iconoclast, was baptized in Laxfield church, Suffolk, on 2 May 1596. He was the younger son of a prosperous and godly yeoman farmer, Wolfran Dowsing (d. 1607), and his wife, Joan Cooke (d. 1632), heir of another ...

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Alexander Gordon

revised by Alan Ruston

Eames, John (1686–1744), Independent layman and tutor, was born on 2 February 1686, the son of John Eames (b. 1645), of Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire. Like his father, he was educated at the Merchant Taylors' School in London, from 1696 to 1702. His intent was to enter the ministry, but following training he found that he was totally unsuited to preaching. He is supposed to have preached but once. 'There was a great defect in his organs of speech, and his pronunciation was exceedingly harsh, uncouth and disagreeable … so that he quit the pulpit entirely' (...

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Emes, Thomas (d. 1707), medical practitioner and millenarian, is of unknown origin, and details of his early life are obscure; he described himself in 1698 as 'chirurgo-medicus' (Dialogue). In 1694 Emes was expelled from the Baptist church in Cripplegate, London, for denying the divinity of Christ and the doctrine of the Trinity. Three years later ...

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Foster, George (fl. 1650), millenarian and religious writer, is virtually invisible in contemporary records. Nearly everything known about him comes from two tracts of 1650. In The Sounding of the Last Trumpet, which was circulating in April Foster recorded a series of visions he had experienced in the first two months of the year, beginning on 14 January, and which he claimed had been commanded by God to be printed. In these visions God had prophesied to ...

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Richard Frankland (1630–1698) by unknown artist by permission of Dr Williams's Library

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Frankland, Richard (1630–1698), nonconformist tutor, was born on 1 November 1630, at Rathmell, Giggleswick, Yorkshire, the son of John Frankland (d. before 1650). Between 1642 and 1648 he was educated at Giggleswick grammar school, before being admitted on 18 May 1648 at ...

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Greswold, Edward (bap. 1594?, d. 1633), religious recluse, was probably baptized on 5 August 1594 at Tanworth, Warwickshire. He was the son of Thomas Greswold (d. 1598/9), landowner, and his wife, Elizabeth (d. 1645), daughter and heir of Benedict Shuckburgh of ...

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Harris, Thomas Lake (1823–1906), millenarian and mystic, was born on 15 May 1823 at Fenny Stratford, Buckinghamshire, the only son of Thomas Harris, an auctioneer, and his wife, Annie (née Lake), who died when her son was only nine. In 1828 the family emigrated to ...

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Jones, Samuel (1681/2–1719), nonconformist tutor, was the son of Malachi Jones (d. 1729), nonconformist minister in Herefordshire until he emigrated to America about 1711. In February 1704 the Congregational Fund board examined him as a candidate for the ministry and resolved to grant him the full allowance. He was educated for the nonconformist ministry first at ...

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Joye, George (1490x95–1553), evangelical author, was born in Bedfordshire, and educated in Cambridge, where he graduated BA in 1513, and on 27 April 1517 was elected a fellow of Peterhouse. He took the degree of BTh in 1524–5, but soon afterwards his religious beliefs brought him into conflict with the Henrician government. In 1526 his rooms were searched for heretical and prohibited literature, and it seems that it was through the intervention of ...

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Lister, Joseph (1627–1709), nonconformist autobiographer, was born on 7 June 1627 at Bradford, Yorkshire, to 'godly religious parents'. His father died when Joseph was about six and, after a period at the free grammar school, he was apprenticed by his mother to John Sharp...

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See Parnell, Henry Brooke, first Baron Congleton

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Russell, Hastings William Sackville, twelfth duke of Bedford (1888–1953), evangelical Christian and pacifist, was born on 21 December 1888 at Cairnsmore House, Minnigaff, Kirkcudbrightshire, the only child of Lord Herbrand Arthur Russell, later eleventh duke of Bedford (1858–1940), and his wife, Mary Du Caurroy Russell (1865–1937)...