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Armstrong, Nicholas (1801/2–1879), Church of Ireland clergyman and apostle of the Catholic Apostolic church, was born in Moyaliffe, co. Tipperary, in late 1801, or early 1802, the son of John Armstrong and Frances Doolan. He was educated at Mr Carrol's school and at ...

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Barclay, John (1733–1798), Church of Scotland minister and founder of the Berean church, was born in Muthill, Perthshire, in March 1733, the son of Ludovick Barclay, a farmer and miller, and his wife, Martha MacInnes. He proceeded from the village school to the ...

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Barclay, Oliver Rainsford (1919–2013), zoologist and evangelical society administrator, was born in Kobe, Japan, on 22 February 1919, the son of Joseph Gurney Barclay (1879–1976) and his second wife, Gwendoline Rose, née Watney (1885–1976). His family connections included prominent Quakers and Anglicans employed in banking and evangelical missions, notably the ...

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William Booth (1829–1912) by Olive Edis and Katherine Edis, 1902 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Booth, William (1829–1912), founder of the Salvation Army, was born at Sneinton, a suburb of Nottingham, on 10 April 1829, one of five children of Samuel Booth (1775–1842), a speculative builder, and his second wife, Mary Moss (b. 1791). He was sent to ...

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Booth, (William) Bramwell (1856–1929), Salvation Army officer, was born at Halifax, Yorkshire, on 8 March 1856, the eldest son of William Booth (1829–1912) and his wife, Catherine Booth, née Mumford (1829–1890), the founders of the Salvation Army. He had two brothers and five sisters, including ...

Article

J. H. Thorpe

revised by Emma Major

Boswell, Robert (1746–1804), Glasite preacher, was a descendant of the Auchinleck family in Ayrshire. He received a classical education and became a writer to the signet in Edinburgh. While still young he became a Glasite, or Sandemanian, and was chosen by the church in ...

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Boyd, Sir John McFarlane (1917–1989), trade unionist and Salvationist, was born on 8 October 1917 in Motherwell, Lanarkshire, the only child of James Boyd, butcher, who died in the influenza epidemic of the following year, and his wife, Mary Marshall, who in 1920 married ...

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Bray, William Trewartha [Billy] (1794–1868), Methodist Bible Christian preacher, was born at Twelveheads, in the parish of Kea, near Truro, on 1 June 1794, the only son and eldest of three children (one of the daughters was of unsound mind) of William Bray...

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Brayne, John (d. 1654), clergyman and Seeker, was settled by parliament as minister of St John's, in the Soke, Winchester, from the late 1640s until his death. His fame rests on the flurry of tracts he published in his last years, and little is known of his background. He may have come from ...

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Brotherton, Joseph (1783–1857), Cowherdite Bible Christian minister and politician, was born on 22 May 1783 at Whittington, near Chesterfield, Derbyshire, the son of John Brotherton (d. 1809), and his wife, Mary. John Brotherton, a one-time schoolmaster and exciseman, moved his family to ...

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Joseph Brotherton (1783–1857) by Samuel William Reynolds junior, pubd 1836 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Campbell, Alexander (1788–1866), a founder of the Disciples of Christ or Churches of Christ, was born on 12 September 1788 near Ballymena, co. Antrim, the eldest of the ten children of Thomas Campbell (1763–1854), an Anti-Burgher Seceder Presbyterian minister, and his wife, Jane Corneigle...

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Alexander Campbell (1788–1866) by unknown photographer, 1858 by permission of Bethany College, West Virginia

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Cardale, John Bate (1802–1877), first apostle of the Catholic Apostolic church, was born at 28 Lamb's Conduit Street, Holborn, London, on 7 November 1802, the eldest of five children. His father, William Cardale, a solicitor and Worcestershire landowner, was born on 17 July 1777 and died at ...

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Carlyle, Thomas (1803–1855), apostle of the Catholic Apostolic church and German scholar, was born on 17 July 1803 at King's Grange, near Castle Douglas, Kirkcudbrightshire, of an old Dumfriesshire family. His father, William Carlyle (1759–1824), a lawyer, married in 1802 Margaret Heriot, widow of ...

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John Cennick (1718–1755) by Philip Dawe, pubd 1785 (after A. L. Brandt) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Cennick, John (1718–1755), lay preacher and Moravian minister, was born in Reading on 12 December 1718, the son of a clothier who was of Quaker descent. Brought up in the established church, he experienced an evangelical conversion on 6 September 1737 in his parish church in ...

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Alexander Gordon

revised by K. D. Reynolds

Child, Thomas (1839–1906), Swedenborgian minister, son of John Child of Darlington, heckle-comb maker, and his wife, Grace McKay, was born at Arbroath, Forfarshire, on 10 December 1839, and brought up there in the Free Church of Scotland. He was sent to a relative at ...

Article

Gordon Goodwin

revised by Timothy C. F. Stunt

Clissold, Augustus (1797–1882), Swedenborgian activist, was born on 13 May 1797 at Stonehouse, near Stroud, Gloucestershire, the fifth son in the family of thirteen children (only seven of whom reached adulthood) of Stephen Clissold (1764–1834), founder of the Ebley Cloth Mills in Stroud...