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Bertie, Richard (1517–1582), landowner and religious evangelical, was the eldest son of Thomas Bertie (d. 1555), of Bearsted, Kent, and his wife, a member of the Say family of Shropshire. In February 1534 he was admitted to Corpus Christi College, Oxford, aged sixteen. Having graduated BA in 1537, he became a probationary fellow of ...

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C. J. Robinson

revised by Christoph v. Ehrenstein

Bonwicke, Ambrose (1691–1714), nonjuror, eldest son of Ambrose Bonwicke (1652–1722) and his wife, Elizabeth, née Stubbs (d. 1722), was born in the Schoolmaster's house, Merchant Taylors' School, London, on 30 September 1691. He grew up in Headley, Surrey, and in 1703 entered the ...

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Bowdler, John (1746–1823), Church of England layman and religious writer, was born at Bath, Somerset, on 18 March 1746, the eldest son of Thomas Bowdler (bap. 1719, d. 1785) and Elizabeth Stuart Bowdler, née Cotton (d. 1797), religious writer. He was given a strict Anglican religious upbringing by his mother, and at the age of eight was sent to the school kept by ...

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Boyle, George Frederick, sixth earl of Glasgow (1825–1890), Tractarian layman, was born on 9 October 1825, the first of two children of George Boyle, fourth earl of Glasgow (1765–1843), and his second wife, Julia (1796–1868), daughter of Sir John Sinclair, bt, of Ulbster...

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Bruen, John (1560–1625), iconoclast, the eldest son of John Bruen (1510–1587) and his wife, Dorothy Holford, was born at Bruen Stapleford, Cheshire, in 1560 (some time before 18 January) into a gentry family that had dominated that village since the thirteenth century. He was baptized the same year. Much of what is known of ...

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Cecil, James Edward Hubert Gascoyne-, fourth marquess of Salisbury (1861–1947), politician and lay churchman, was born on 23 October 1861 at 21 Fitzroy Square, London, the eldest of the five sons and third of the eight children of Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoyne-Cecil, successively ...

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Cherry, Francis (bap. 1667, d. 1713), nonjuror and antiquary, was baptized on 25 March 1667 in the parish of Cookham, Berkshire. He was the second son of William Cherry (c.1632–1705), a lawyer, and his wife, Ann Whitfeild (d. 1703) of ...

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Cookman, George (bap. 1774, d. 1856), businessman, lay preacher, and radical politician, was baptized on 20 January 1774 in the church of St Peter in the village of Owthorne, on the east Yorkshire coast, the son of Grimston Cookman, yeoman, and his wife, ...

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Downes, Theophilus (1657/8–1726), nonjuror and author, was born at Purslow, Shropshire, between March 1657 and March 1658, the son of John and Knightley Downes. He became a commoner of Balliol College, Oxford, in March 1673, graduating BA on 17 October 1676 and MA on 10 July 1679. He was elected a fellow of ...

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Frowde, James Henry (1831–1899), clown and evangelical preacher, was born on 17 April 1831 at Portsea, Hampshire, the first son of James Frowde (1800–1850) and his first wife, Georgiana Margaretta Hengler (1808–1837), an equestrian performer, the daughter of the circus rope-dancer Henry Michael Hengler...

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James Henry Frowde (1831–1899) by unknown photographer, c. 1870 V&A Images, The Victoria and Albert Museum

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Gambier, James, Baron Gambier (1756–1833), naval officer and evangelical activist, was born at New Providence in the Bahamas on 13 October 1756, the second son of the lieutenant-governor John Gambier and Deborah, née Stiles. He was brought up in England by his aunt ...

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Harbin, George (c. 1665–1744), nonjuror and historical writer, was the only surviving son of John Harbin, merchant (d. 1673), of St Helen, Bishopsgate, London, and his wife, Mary. The family claimed descent from the Harbins of Newton Surmaville, near Yeovil, and George's...

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Hardcastle, Joseph (1752–1819), merchant and evangelical activist, was born in Leeds on 7 December 1752, the younger son of John Hardcastle (fl. 1720–1766) and his wife, née Snowden, whose forename is unknown (d. 1787). In 1766 he came to London to live with his uncle, ...

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Harris, Howel (1714–1773), evangelist, was born on 23 January 1714, at Trefeca, near Talgarth, in Brecknockshire, the youngest of the five children born to Howel ap Howel alias Harris (1672?–1731), carpenter, and his wife, Susannah (d. 1751), daughter of Thomas Powell. Surviving knowledge about his youth comes from ...

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Rowland Hill (1744–1833) by Samuel Mountjoy Smith, 1828 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Hill, Rowland (1744–1833), evangelical preacher, was born at Hawkstone Park, near Wem, Shropshire, on 23 August 1744, the sixth son of the ten children of Sir Rowland Hill (1705–1783), landowner, and Mary Pole (d. 1789). He was educated at Shrewsbury School and ...

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Hunt, James [called Prophet Hunt] (bap. 1591?, d. 1649x66), lay preacher and prophet, was probably baptized at St Nicholas's Church, Sevenoaks, on 12 September 1591, the eldest child of John Hunt, a farmer, and Ann Christian. It seems likely that this James Hunt...

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Jermyn, Sir Robert (1538/9–1614), gentleman and patron of puritans, was the third but eldest surviving son of Sir Ambrose Jermyn (c.1510–1577) and Anne (d. 1568), daughter and coheir of George Heveningham. His early years are obscure. He may have matriculated at ...

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Jocelyn, Robert, third earl of Roden (1788–1870), politician and religious leader, was born at Brockley Park, Queen's county, Ireland, on 27 October 1788, the eldest son of Robert Jocelyn, second earl of Roden (d. 1820), and his wife, Frances Theodosia, eldest daughter of ...