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Aitken [Atkine], James (1612/13–1687), bishop of Galloway, was born in Kirkwall, Orkney, the third son of Henry Aitken, commissary and sheriff of Orkney and Shetland, and Elizabeth Buchanan. He attended Kirkwall grammar school before moving on to the University of Edinburgh, where he graduated MA on 23 July 1636. During the next two turbulent years of the covenanting revolution he completed his formal education at ...

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A. B. Grosart

revised by Alan R. MacDonald

Bellenden, Adam (c. 1572–1648), bishop of Dunblane and of Aberdeen, was the son of Sir John Bellenden (d. 1576) of Auchnoul, lord justice clerk 1547–72, and his third wife, Janet Seton, and the half-brother of Sir Lewis Bellenden, also lord justice clerk. He studied at the ...

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Campbell, Alexander, of Carco (d. 1608), bishop of Brechin, was a younger son of Sir John Campbell of Ardkinglas in Argyll, and brother to James Campbell of Ardkinglas, comptroller during the minority of James VI. In May 1566, while still apparently a minor, he received the bishopric of ...

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Campbell, Neil (d. 1613?), bishop of Argyll, appears to have been the son of Alexander Macpherson of the Carnassarie Campbells, the surname meaning 'son of the parson', although the combination of a common surname and paucity of records makes certain identification difficult. One ...

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Carswell, John [Séon Carsuel] (c. 1522–1572), bishop of the Isles, known in tradition as ‘Carsualach Mór Chàrn-Àsaraidh’ (‘Big Carswell of Carnassarie’), was probably born at Kilmartin in Argyll. His ancestors may well have been recently brought over from Corsewall in Wigtownshire, an estate then under ...

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Cunningham, David (c. 1540–1600), bishop of Aberdeen, is of uncertain parentage—his father may have been William Cunningham of Cunninghamhead. Although the identification cannot be taken as certain, he was probably the David Cunningham who was incorporated in St Leonard's College, St Andrews, by 25 March 1557, and who graduated MA between 23 November 1560 and 6 November 1562—most probably in 1561. These dates suggest that he was born about 1540. There is no doubt that he studied in ...

Article

James Cooper

revised by A. S. Wayne Pearce

Forbes, Alexander (1564–1617), bishop of Aberdeen, was the son of John Forbes of Ardmurdo, from the Brux branch of the Forbes family, and his second wife, Helen Graham, a daughter of Graham of Morphie. He graduated MA from the University of St Andrews...

Image

Patrick Forbes of Corse (1564–1635) by R. G., pubd 1635 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Forbes, Patrick, of Corse (1564–1635), bishop of Aberdeen, was born at Corse Castle, Aberdeenshire, on 24 August 1564, the eldest son of William Forbes (d. 1598), laird of Corse, and Elizabeth Strachan, and brother of John Forbes of Alford. After attending the high school of ...

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Forbes, Patrick (d. c. 1680), bishop of Caithness, was the third son of John Forbes (c. 1565–1634), the minister of Alford banished from Scotland for his defiant stance against the royal supremacy at the Aberdeen assembly of 1605, and Christian, the daughter of ...

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Gordon, Alexander (c. 1516–1575), bishop of Galloway, was the second son of John, Lord Gordon (d. 1517), eldest son of the third earl of Huntly (whom he predeceased) and Margaret, daughter of James IV and his mistress Margaret Drummond. His mother subsequently married ...

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Gordon, William (d. 1577), bishop of Aberdeen, was born probably in Aberdeenshire, a younger son of Alexander Gordon, third earl of Huntly (d. 1524), and of his wife, Jane Stewart (d. 1510), daughter of John Stewart, first earl of Atholl. He was given an excellent grounding in humanist studies at the ...

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Guthrie [Guthry], Henry (1600?–1676), bishop of Dunkeld and historian, said to have been born in Coupar Angus, was the second son of Henry Guthrie (d. in or after 1633), minister of Bendochy, Forfarshire, who for a time had charge of Coupar Angus...

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Guthrie, John (d. 1649), bishop of Moray, was the eldest son of Patrick Guthrie, a goldsmith and one-time baillie of St Andrews, and Margaret Rait. He graduated MA at the University of St Andrews in 1597. That same year he became a reader at ...

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Haliburton, George (c. 1616–1665), bishop of Dunkeld, was probably born in Glenisla, Forfarshire, the son of George Haliburton (d. c.1659), minister there, and his wife, Janet Ogilvie. He graduated MA at King's College, Aberdeen, in 1636. Licensed by Meigle presbytery, during 1640–41 he became an army chaplain, and on 15 November 1642 was admitted to ...

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Haliburton, George (1635?–1715), bishop of Aberdeen, was perhaps the son of Dr George Haliburton, or of William Haliburton, minister of Collace, Perthshire, and Elizabeth or Elspeth, daughter of Archbishop Gledstanes. He was probably the George Haliburton who matriculated from St Salvator's College, St Andrews...

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Hamilton, Gavin (c. 1561–1612), bishop of Galloway, was the third son of the sixteen children of John Hamilton of Orbieston (d. 1568), a descendant of Sir James Hamilton of Cadzow, and his wife, Janet (d. 1584), daughter of John Hamilton of ...

Article

G. W. Sprott

revised by Stuart Handley

Hamilton, James (1610–1674), bishop of Galloway, was born in August 1610, and baptized on 30 September at Canongate, Edinburgh, the second son of nine children of Sir James Hamilton, of Broomhill (d. before 1647), and his wife, Margaret, daughter of William Hamilton...

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Lamb, Andrew (1565?–1634), bishop of Galloway, was probably related to Andrew Lamb of Leith, a lay member of the general assembly of 1560. He became minister of Burntisland, Fife, in 1593, and was translated to Arbroath in 1596 and to South Leith...

Image

John Lesley (1527–1596) by unknown artist Marischal Museum, University of Aberdeen