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Balint, Michael Maurice [formerly Mihaly Bergsmann] (1896–1970), psychoanalyst, was born on 3 December 1896 in Baross Street, Jozsefvaros, a residential section of Budapest, Hungary. He was the first of the two children of Ignac Bergsmann, a general medical practitioner. Both his parents were descendants of German Jewish families who had been fully assimilated Hungarians for only two or three generations. He later changed his name to ...

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Michael Maurice Balint (1896–1970) by Dr Edward H. Stein private collection

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Bion, Wilfred Ruprecht (1897–1979), psychoanalyst, was born on 8 September 1897 at Mathura, North-Western Provinces, India, the elder son (there was one daughter) of Frederick Fleetwood Bion (1870?–1949), civil engineer, and Rhoda Salter Kemp (1869?–1939). Bion spent his first eight years in India...

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Eder, (Montague) David (1865–1936), psychoanalyst, was born on 12 August 1865 at 19 Euston Square, London, the eldest of the four children of David Martin Eder, shipping merchant, and his second wife, Esther Burnstein, formerly Soloman. His parents were both Jewish. Eder was educated in ...

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Fairbairn, (William) Ronald Dodds (1889–1964), psychiatrist and psychoanalyst, was born on 11 August 1889 at the Red House, Cluny Gardens, Edinburgh, the only child of Thomas Fairbairn (1854–1925), chartered surveyor and secretary of the Edinburgh Architectural Association, and Cecilia Leefe (1854–1946). Ronald Fairbairn...

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Flügel, John Carl (1884–1955), psychologist and psychoanalyst, was born in Brompton House, Livingston Drive South, Toxteth Park, Liverpool, on 13 June 1884, the only child of Karl Rudolf Dietrich Flügel, a wealthy German merchant, and his wife, Mary, née Eccles. Flügel was privately educated, a congenital foot defect preventing school attendance. In 1902 he went to ...

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Freud, Sigmund (1856–1939), founder of psychoanalysis, was born on 6 May 1856 at Freiberg, Moravia, in the Austro-Hungarian empire (later Príbor, Czech republic), the first of the seven surviving children of Jacob Freud (1815–1896), wool trader, and his second wife, Amalie (1835–1931)...

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Sigmund Freud (1856–1939) by Max Halberstadt, 1921 Mary Evans Picture Library / Freud copyrights

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Glover, Edward George (1888–1972), psychoanalyst, was born on 13 January 1888 at Lesmahagow, Lanarkshire, the third son of Matthew Glover, a country schoolmaster, and Elizabeth Smith Shanks, who was of a farming family. His eldest brother, James, who died early, in 1927, was regarded as the genius of the family, taking after his father, whereas ...

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Jones, (Alfred) Ernest (1879–1958), neurologist and psychoanalyst, was born on 1 January 1879 at Ffos-felin (renamed Gowerton), near Swansea, Glamorgan, the son of Thomas Jones (1853–1922), then a colliery manager and later a colliery proprietor, and his wife, Mary Ann Lewis (1855–1909)...